TN 32 (07-06)

GN 00307.190 Availability of Birth Records Outside the U.S. and Assumption of Recordation Dates

A. Introduction

This section provides information on the availability of birth records outside the U.S. and guides to developing evidence of age for persons born outside the U.S.

B. Definitions

The definitions in GN 00307.190B.1 and GN 00307.190B.2. explain the terms used in the chart in GN 00307.190D.

1. Availability of Birth Records

  • No — Records are not available, or not generally available, for persons at least age 59.

  • Yes — Birth records were established for all, or most, persons who are at least age 59.

  • Unknown — SSA has information indicating birth records are available but does not know the extent to which they are available.

2. Recordation Dates

  • No — The recordation date cannot be assumed. This does not always mean that evidence is questionable. It may mean that recordation dates are routinely shown and the absence of one is something out of the ordinary, or that SSA does not have sufficient experience to permit an assumption of the recordation date.

  • Yes — Absent information to the contrary, SSA assumes public and religious records of birth/baptism were made at or near the date of the event.

C. Procedure

Develop for evidence of age for a person born in a country for which the availability of birth record is not known as follows:

If the individual

Then

says a civil or religious record of birth was established before age 5,

ask him/her to get a certification of that record. EXCEPTION: The chart in GN 00307.190D. shows that a certification should not be requested.

is not living in that country and does not know whether a record was established,

treat this as a “no” response and develop other evidence of age.

is residing in that country and asks about benefits,

ask him/her to get a record established before age 5. EXCEPTION: The chart in GN 00307.190D. shows that a certification should not be requested.

D. Policy

SSA uses this chart to determine whether birth/baptismal records are available for people who are at least age 59 and whether recordation dates can be assumed.

NOTE: Where known, information is also shown on the establishment of civil recordkeeping systems.

Country

Birth Records Generally Available for Persons Age 59 or Older

Date of Recordation
Can Be Assumed

Remarks

Afghanistan

No

No

 

Albania

No

No

See GN 00307.303 through GN 00307.307

Algeria

Unknown

Assume recordation dates as explained in GN 00307.105A.2.d.

Do not request evidence from Algeria. See GN 00307.309.

Andorra

Yes

No

 

Angola

No

No

 

Anguilla

Yes

No

 

Antigua and Barbuda

Yes

No

 

Argentina

Yes

Assume the year of the register on civil records is the year of recordation.

 

Armenia

Yes

No

Do not request evidence from Armenia. See GN 00307.327

Australia

Yes

Yes

 

Austria

Yes

Yes

 

Azerbaijan

Unknown

No

Do not request evidence from Azerbaijan. See GN 00307.336.
 

Bahamas

Yes

Assume recordation dates as follows:
 
Civil records contain a legend at the top showing “Births in (District/Town)  during the 3 months ending (day)  of (month) 19 (year). ” Absent information to the contrary, assume the birth was registered within that 3-month period.

 

Bahrain

No

No

Birth records have been kept since 1970. The degree of compliance with registration requirements is unknown.

Bangladesh

No

No

Do not request evidence from Bangladesh. See GN 00307.345.

Barbados

Yes

No

 

Barbuda (see Antigua and Barbuda)

   

Belarus

No*

No

*The “No” entry does not refer to a scarcity of records but a lack of SSA information on vital statistics records in this country.
See GN 00307.140.

Belau (See Palau)

   

Belgium

Yes

Yes

 

Belize (formerly British Honduras)

Yes

No

 

Benin (formerly
Dahomey)

Unknown

No

Do not request evidence from Benin. See GN 00307.360.

Bermuda

Yes

Yes

 

Bhutan

No

No

 

Bolivia

Yes

No

The civil registry was established in 1940; religious records exist for persons born before 1940.

Bosnia and Herzegovina

Unknown

For civil records only, assume the “birth register year” is the year of recordation.

Do not request evidence from Bosnia and Herzegovina. See GN 00307.366.

Botswana

No

No

 

Brazil

Yes

No

 

Britain (see United Kingdom)

   

British Honduras (see Belize)

   

British Virgin Islands

Yes

Yes

 

Brunei

Yes*

No

*Birth records are available from 1926 for British subjects and from 1948 for all others.

Bulgaria

Yes

No

Do not request evidence from Bulgaria. See GN 00307.378.

Burkina Faso
(formerly Upper Volta)

No

No

 

Burma

No

No

Do not request evidence from Burma. See GN 00307.384.

Burundi

Unknown

No

 

Cambodia

No

No

Do not request evidence from Cambodia.

See GN 00307.390.

Cameroon

Unknown

No

 

Canada

Yes

Assume recordation dates, except for civil records from Nova Scotia for events before 10/01/1908, and civil records from Quebec for events before 01/01/ 26.

 

Cape Verde

Yes*

Assume recordation only as follows:

On civil records, assume the “birth registration year” is the year of registration. Do not make any assumptions for religious records.

*Civil records only

See GN 00307.400 through GN 00307.401.

Cayman Islands

Yes

No

 

Central African
Republic

Unknown

No

 

Chad

No

No

 

Chile

Yes

No

 

China, People's
Republic of

No

No

See GN 00307.412 through GN 00307.416.

Colombia

Yes

No

Religious records are available for births prior to 1940.

Commonwealth of Independent States (C.I.S.) (see Armenia, Azerbaijan, Belarus, Kazakhstan. Kyrgyzstan, Moldova, Russia, Tajikistan, Turkmenistan, Ukraine and Uzbekistan.)

   

Congo, Democratic Republic of

Unknown

No

Do not request evidence from the Democratic Rep. of the Congo. See GN 00307.430.

Costa Rica

Yes

No

 

Cote d'Ivoire (formerly Ivory Coast)

No

No

Do not request evidence from the Cote d’Ivoire. See GN 00307.439.

Croatia

Yes*

For civil records only, assume the “birth register year” is the year of recordation.

*Residents of other countries may not be able to get certificates within a reasonable time.

See GN 00307.442.

Cuba

No

No

See GN 00307.445.

Cyprus

Yes*

Assume recordation dates only for “Class a” birth certificates (GN 00307.448A.2). See
GN 00307.448C.4. for information on religious records.

*Except for Greek
Cypriots born in the Turkish-controlled
area of Cyprus

Czech Republic

Yes*

Yes

*Residents of other countries may not be able to get certificates within a reasonable time.

Czechoslovakia (see Czech Republic and Slovak Republic)

   

Dahomey (see Benin)

   

Denmark

Yes

Yes

See GN 00307.457.

Djibouti (formerly
Afars and Issas)

No

No

 

Dominica

Unknown*

No

*A fire in 1979 destroyed many records at the central registry office. Some civil records may be available in the district where the event occurred. Baptismal records are available for those baptized.

Dominican Republic

Yes

No

 

Ecuador

Yes

No

 

Egypt

No

No

Do not request evidence from Egypt. See GN 00307.472.

El Salvador

Yes

No

 

England (see United Kingdom)

   

Equatorial Guinea

No

No

 

Estonia

Yes

No

See GN 00307.484.

Ethiopia

No

No

Do not request evidence from Ethiopia. See GN 00307.487.

Fiji

Yes

Assume recordation dates only on civil birth records as follows:

Assume the last two digits of the entry number are the year of recordation.

 

Finland

Yes

Yes

 

France

Yes

Yes

 

French Guiana (see France)

   

Gabon

Unknown

No

Do not request evidence from Gabon. See GN 00307.500.

Gambia

Unknown

No

 

Georgia

Unknown

No

Do not request evidence from Georgia. See GN 00307.506.

Germany
Areas Formerly in East Germany

Yes*

No

*See GN 00307.509.

Areas Formerly in West Germany

Yes

Yes — This includes certificates issued before 1946 by “Germany” for an area that became East Germany and certificates issued after 1945 by West German /German authorities.

 

Ghana

Unknown

No

See GN 00307.515.

Gibraltar

Yes

Yes

 

Great Britain (see United Kingdom)

   

Greece

Yes

Assume recordation dates for mitroon arrenons
issued by a Nomarchy and secured by the Federal Benefits Unit (FBU) of the
U.S. Embassy in Athens.

See GN 00307.518 through GN 00307.525.

Greenland (see Denmark)

   

Grenada

Yes

No

 

Grenadines (see St. Vincent and the Grenadines)

   

Guadeloupe (see France)

   

Guatemala

Yes

No

 

Guinea

Unknown

No

Do not request evidence from Guinea. See GN 00307.536.

Guinea-Bissau

Unknown

No

 

Guyana (formerly
British Guiana)

Unknown

No

 

Haiti

Yes

No

 

Honduras

Yes

No

 

Hong Kong

Yes

No

 

Hungary

Yes*

Assume the year of the register on civil birth certificates is the recordation date. On some certificates this is shown as a definite register year. On others, the register year is shown as part of the reference number (e.g., “Birth Register Nr.*41/1924” is the register for 1924). See GN 00307.105A.2.d.

*Residents of other countries may not be able to get certificates within a reasonable time.

Iceland

Yes

Yes

 

India

No*

No

See GN 00307.560.
 
*Some records are available for Europeans, Anglo-Indians, Armenian Christians, Jews and Parsees.

Indonesia

No

No

Do not request evidence from Indonesia. See GN 00307.563.

Iran

No

No

Do not request evidence from Iran. See GN 00307.566.

Iraq

No

No

Do not request evidence from Iraq. See GN 00307.569.

Ireland

Yes

Yes

See GN 00307.572.

Israel

No*

For civil records from 1947 only, assume the “birth register year” is the year of recordation.

*Records for Jewish people exist from 1922; for Arabs from 1948.

See GN 00307.742 for information on the Palestinian-Administered Territories.

Italy

Yes

Yes

See GN 00307.578 for persons born in
Trieste.

Ivory Coast (see Cote d'Ivoire)

   

Jamaica

Yes

No

 

Japan

Yes*

Yes

See GN 00307.105A.2.b.
 
*Except for persons born in Okinawa and the Ryukyu Islands. See GN 00307.584.

Jordan

Yes

No

Records available for persons born after 1919. See
GN 00307.587.

Kampuchea (see Cambodia)

   

Kazakhstan

Unknown

No

Do not request evidence from Kazakhstan. See GN 00307.590.

Kenya

No*

No

Do not request evidence from Kenya. See GN 00307.593.

*Records exist for Europeans and Asians.

Kiribati

Unknown

No

 

Kuwait

No

No

 

Kyrgyzstan

Unknown

No

Do not request evidence from Kyrgyzstan. See GN 00307.603.

Laos

No

No

Do not request evidence from Laos. See GN 00307.609.

Latvia

Yes

No

See GN 00307.615.

Lebanon

No

No

See GN 00307.618 through GN 00307.619.

Lesotho (formerly
Basutoland)

No

No

 

Liberia

No

No

Do not request evidence from Liberia. See GN 00307.627.

Libya

No

No

 

Liechtenstein

Yes

Yes

 

Lithuania

Yes

No

See GN 00307.636.

Luxembourg

Yes

Yes

 

Macao

Yes

No

 

Macedonia

No

No

Do not request evidence from Macedonia. See GN 00307.642.

Madagascar

Unknown

No

 

Malagasy Republic (see Madagascar)

   

Malawi

No

No

 

Malaysia

No

No

 

Maldives

Unknown

No

 

Mali

No

No

 

Malta

Yes

Yes

 

Marshall Islands,
Republic of

Unknown

No

 

Martinique (see France)

   

Mauritania

Unknown

No

 

Mauritius

No

No

 

Mexico

Yes*

No

See GN 00307.669 through GN 00307.676.


*Church records and civil records at the State level (except the State of Zacatecas before 1976 and the State of Chihuahua before 1955 and after 1978).

Micronesia, Federated States of

Unknown

No

See GN 00307.687.

Moldova

Unknown

No

Do not request evidence from Moldova. See GN 00307.690.

Monaco

Yes

Yes

 

Mongolia

No

No

Do not request evidence from Mongolia. See GN 00307.696.

Montenegro

No

See GN 00307.698B.

Do not request evidence from Montenegro. See GN 00307.698.

Montserrat

Yes

No

 

Morocco

No*

No

*Civil birth records are available for Europeans born after 1912.

Mozambique

Unknown

No

 

Myanmar (see Burma)

  

.

Namibia

Unknown

No

 

Nauru

Unknown

No

 

Nepal

No

No

 

Netherlands

Yes

Yes

 

Netherlands Antilles

Unknown

No

 

New Caledonia (see France)

   

New Guinea (see Papua New Guinea)

   

New Hebrides (see Vanuatu)

   

New Zealand

Yes

Yes

 

Nicaragua

Yes

No

See GN 00307.721.

Niger

Unknown

No

Do not request evidence from Niger. See GN 00307.724.

Nigeria

Unknown

No

Do not request evidence from Nigeria. See GN 00307.727.

Northern Ireland (see United Kingdom)

   

North Korea

No

No

See GN 00307.140.

Norway

Yes

Yes

 

Okinawa (see Japan)

   

Oman

No

No

 

Pakistan

No

No

Do not request evidence from Pakistan. See GN 00307.736.

Palau

Unknown

No

 

Palestinian-Administered Territories

Unknown*

 No

*See GN 00307.742.

Panama

Yes*

No

*Civil birth records are available from 4/14/14. Religious records are available before that date.

Panama Canal Zone (see Panama for births after 9/79)

Yes

Assume recordation date if a birth prior to 10/79 was registered with the Panama Canal Commission.

 

Papua New Guinea

No

No

 

Paraguay

Yes

No

 

Peru

Yes

No

Civil registration of births has been required since 1936. Although registration laws were not strictly enforced before 1936, records exist for most individuals.

Philippines

Yes

Assume recordation dates on civil records only if the conditions in
GN 00307.758B. are met. In such cases, assume the “birth register year(s)” is the year or period in which the birth was registered.

See GN 00307.757 through GN 00307.765.

Pitcairn Island

Unknown

No

 

Poland

Yes

Assume the recordation date only for baptismal records. For civil records, assume the “birth register year” is the year of recordation.

See GN 00307.775.

Portugal

Yes

Yes (except for the former territories of the Cape Verde Islands)

 

Qatar

No

No

 

Rhodesia (see Zimbabwe)

   

Romania

Yes*

No

See GN 00307.784.

*Residents of other countries may not be able to get certificates within a reasonable time.

Russia

No

No

Do not request evidence from Russia. See GN 00307.787.

Rwanda

No

No

Do not request evidence from Rwanda. See GN 00307.790.

Ryukyu Islands (see Japan)

   

St. Kitts and Nevis

Yes

No

 

St. Lucia

Yes

No

 

St. Pierre and Miquelon (see France)

   

St. Vincent and the Grenadines

Yes

No

 

Samoa

Yes

Yes for civil records only unless “LR” is shown after the registration number (a 3,4 or 5 digit number on the line below the place of registration). Civil birth certificates issued before 1962 show a registration number followed by a slash and “LR” if the birth was registered more than 2 months after it occurred. Those issued after 1961 show a registration number, slash, year of registration, slash and “LR” (i.e., 0000/83/LR for 1983 registration), or registration number, and registration year (i.e., 0000/ 83).

 

Sao Tome and Principe

Unknown

No

 

Saudi Arabia

No

No

 

Scotland (see United Kingdom)

   

Senegal

Unknown

No

Do not request evidence from Senegal. See GN 00307.815.

Serbia

Yes*

See GN 00307.818B.

Do not request evidence from Serbia. See GN 00307.818.

*Except for the Kosovo region.

Seychelles

Unknown

No

 

Sierra Leone

No

No

Do not request evidence from Sierra Leone. See GN 00307.824.

Singapore

Yes

No

 

Slovak Republic

Yes*

Yes

*Residents of other countries may not be able to get certificates within a reasonable time.

Slovenia

Yes*

For civil records only, assume the “birth register year” is the year of recordation.

*Residents of other countries may not be able to get certificates within a reasonable time.

See GN 00307.833.

Solomon Islands

No

No

 

Somalia

No

No

Do not request evidence from Somalia. See GN 00307.839.

South Africa

Yes

For civil records only, assume the last two digits of the reference or entry number is the year of recordation. For example, if a document shows a reference number of 1078/21, assume the birth was registered in 1921. The number may be shown as a separate entry on the certificate or as part of the DB entry.
 
Also, assume the date shown on the official date stamp on a “Proof of Registration” form is the date on which the birth was registered.

 

South Korea

No

No

See GN 00307.845.

Spain

Yes

Yes

 

Sri Lanka

Unknown

No

Do not request evidence from Sri Lanka. See GN 00307.851.

Sudan

No

No

Those birth records which do exist often show only a year of birth. In such cases, Sudanese officials may enter January 1 on the birth certificate.

Surinam

Yes

No

 

Swaziland

Unknown

No

 

Sweden

Yes

Yes

 

Switzerland

Yes

Yes

 

Syria

No

No

Do not request evidence from Syria. See GN 00307.869.

Tahiti (see France)

   

Taiwan (Formosa)

No

No

Taiwan uses a system of household registration similar to that followed in Japan. For persons born in Taiwan, the household registration from their place of birth (not the latest residence) will show the birth registration date.

Tajikistan

Unknown

No

Do not request evidence from Tajikistan. See GN 00307.875.

Tanzania

Unknown

No

Do not request evidence from Tanzania. See GN 00307.878.

Thailand

No

No

The civil registry was established in 1917, but registration was not common in Bangkok before WW II or among those born up-country. Accept the claimant's statement that he/she was born up-country.

Tibet (see China, People's Republic of)

   

Tobago (see Trinidad and Tobago)

   

Togo

No

No

 

Tonga

Yes

No

 

Trinidad and Tobago

Yes

No

 

Tunisia

Yes*

For civil records only:

  • Birth occurred after 1956 — Assume the “birth register year” is the year of recordation.

  • Birth occurred before 1957 — Assume the year of registration is the year of recordation if the certificate shows only a month and day of recordation/declaration.

If there is no month and day of recordation/declaration, do not assume the year of the register is the year of recordation.

*For Tunisians who are Moslem or Jewish. Registration for others was compulsory
effective 8/1/57.

Turkey

Yes*

No

*Civil records only. See GN 00307.896 through GN 00307.899.

Turks and Caicos
Islands

Yes

No

 

Turkmenistan

No*

No

*The “No” entry does not refer to a scarcity of records but a lack of SSA information on vital statistics records in this country.

See GN 00307.140.

Tuvalu

Unknown

No

 

Uganda

No

No

Do not request evidence from Uganda. See GN 00307.906.

Ukraine

No*

No

*The “No” entry does not refer to a scarcity of records but a lack of SSA information on vital statistics records in this country.

See GN 00307.140.

Union of Soviet Socialists Republics (U.S.S.R) (see individual former republic)

   

United Arab Emirates

No

No

 

United Kingdom

Yes

Yes

 

Upper Volta (see Burkina Faso)

   

Uruguay

Yes

No

 

Uzbekistan

No*

No

*The “No” entry does not refer to a scarcity of records but a lack of SSA information on vital statistics records in this country.

See GN 00307.140.

Vanuatu (formerly New Hebrides)

Unknown*

No

Records generally available except for the outer islands.

Venezuela

Yes

No

 

Vietnam

No

No

Do not request evidence from Vietnam. See GN 00307.930.

Wales (see United Kingdom)

   

Western Samoa (see Samoa)

   

Yemen, Republic of

No

No

Composed of former Yemen and Democratic Republic of Yemen (Southern Yemen). See GN 00307.933.

Yugoslavia (see former republics: Bosnia and Herzegovina, Croatia, Macedonia, Montenegro, Serbia, and Slovenia)

   

Zaire

No

No

 

Zambia

No

No

Do not request evidence from Zambia. See GN 00307.964.

Zimbabwe
(formerly Rhodesia)

Unknown

No

Do not request evidence from Zimbabwe. See GN 00307.967.


To Link to this section - Use this URL:
http://policy.ssa.gov/poms.nsf/lnx/0200307190
GN 00307.190 - Availability of Birth Records Outside the U.S. and Assumption of Recordation Dates - 03/16/2016
Batch run: 05/22/2017
Rev:03/16/2016