TN 15 (09-91)

GN 00307.230 Equitable Adoptions Outside the U.S

A. Policy

You must not make assumptions about the validity of equitable adoptions for periods (or areas) not listed in B. or whether these adoptions would be recognized by jurisdictions other than those shown.

B. List of countries

The following list provides information from the precedent opinions available on the recognition given equitable adoption (GN 00306.175) outside the U.S.

Country Recognition
Bolivia Not recognized from 1961 to at least January 1979.
Canada   British Columbia  
Not recognized prior to 1920.
 
From 1920 to at least January 1952, British Columbia would, in an appropriate case (not defined by precedent material), recognize the doctrine of equitable adoption.
  New Brunswick Recognized from 1927 to at least July 1958, based on a contract to adopt. It must be clear that adoption is involved and not a guardian-type arrangement.
  Newfoundland Recognized from 1940 to at least May 1958. A contract to adopt is necessary but no opinion has been rendered as to whether the contract can be written or oral. It must be clear, however, that the child is adopted and that no other inference can reasonably be drawn.
  Ontario Recognized at least up to 1948. Not recognized from 1974 to at least November 1979.
  Quebec Not recognized to at least 1952.
Colombia Not recognized from 1959 to at least June 1979.
El Salvador Not recognized from 1955 to at least February 1986.
Fiji Not recognized to at least December 1975.
France Not recognized to at least January 1965.
Germany, West Not recognized to at least December 1957.
Honduras Not recognized to at least October 1963.
Italy Not recognized to at least June 1959.
Jamaica Not recognized from at least January 2, 1958 to at least August 1975.
Mexico Not recognized from at least 1960 to at least April 1983.
Nigeria Not recognized to at least March 1972.
Norway Not recognized to at least January 1953.
Philippines Not recognized from at least 1951 to at least July 1964.
Yugoslavia The law in effect from April 1, 1947 to at least September 1959 does not require a written decree or court order of adoption. Instead, a petition of adoption and an agreement of the parties, signed by them and approved by the Commissioner of Social Welfare is necessary.

To Link to this section - Use this URL:
http://policy.ssa.gov/poms.nsf/lnx/0200307230
GN 00307.230 - Equitable Adoptions Outside the U.S - 07/31/1994
Batch run: 08/20/2018
Rev:07/31/1994