TN 24 (12-98)

GN 00307.245 Development of Natural Parent-Child Relationship Outside the U.S.

A. Process

1. General

The Foreign Service Post (FSP) investigation of a natural parent- child relationship includes, but is not limited to:

  1. Personal examination, where possible, of the source record on which the birth certificate is based to verify that it is an accurate certification of that record;

  2. Interviews with friends and relatives of the NH and his wife (or the child's mother) about their knowledge of the family composition, whether they saw the wife pregnant, where and when the child was born, etc.;

  3. Interviews with the medical personnel who treated the wife during her pregnancy or assisted in the child's delivery;

  4. Examination of hospital or clinic records and a comparison of mother's description and signature with that of the NH's wife;

  5. Unannounced visit to the family home to see the child.

The nature of the investigation is not disclosed where an older child is involved because the child may not know of his “adoption.” (This restriction is not followed if the child is aware the NH and his wife are not his/her natural parents.)

The FSP gets statements on an SSA-795 over the individual's signature, whenever possible. If an individual refuses to sign a statement, the FSP provides a summary of the testimony and reasons the contact did not want to sign the statement.

2. Investigation shows child not the NH's natural child

If the NH and his wife live in the Philippines or the jurisdiction of a claims-taking FSP (see GN 00904.225) and the child cannot be entitled under another provision of the law, the FSP contacts them and gives them an opportunity to submit additional evidence and/or refute the evidence in file.

3. Investigation report

The FSP forwards a full investigation report to the requesting office or OIO. If the investigation included a contact with the NH and/or his wife for additional evidence, the file shows:

  1. Who was contacted;

  2. Whether they had any additional evidence to submit; and

  3. How much time they were given to submit additional evidence if they said they wanted to do so.

B. Procedure

1. FO or PC review

Review the evidence carefully.

Follow the normal procedures if additional development is requested through an FSP. Include a full explanation of the basis for the request and copies of any pertinent evidence secured in the initial investigation.

Give the NH and his wife an opportunity to submit additional evidence or refute the evidence in file if the evidence indicates the:

  1. NH and his wife are not the child's natural parents, or

  2. Child can be entitled under another provision of the law but with a different entitlement date.

If they acknowledge the child is not their natural child, get a statement to this effect from each over his/her signature. Include information, if possible, as to how they got the child and identify the child's natural parents.

2. Development complete

Prepare a special determination if the:

  1. FO or PC decision disagrees with the FSP conclusion or recommendation (send a copy to that office), or

  2. Claim will be denied and the FSP report is not clear or does not cover the whole investigation.

Adjudicate the claim if the evidence establishes the natural parent-child relationship.

Deny the claim if the evidence does not establish a natural parent-child relationship and the child cannot be entitled under another provision.


To Link to this section - Use this URL:
http://policy.ssa.gov/poms.nsf/lnx/0200307245
GN 00307.245 - Development of Natural Parent-Child Relationship Outside the U.S. - 06/19/2014
Batch run: 06/19/2014
Rev: