Not recognized through January 2012
Not recognized from September 1963 to January 1976
Not recognized through May 1953
Not recognized from January 1902 through January 1949
Not recognized through November 1985
Not recognized from June 3, 1944 through January 1949
Not recognized from January 1930 through October 1990, except in very remote areas where it is impossible to have an authorized official perform a marriage ceremony.
Provincial statute does, under certain circumstances:
Provide an individual the right that enables a person deemed to the NH's spouse for title II purposes.
Permit a child of such a union deemed child for title II purposes. (This does not extend to deeming children of a prior marriage to be the NH's stepchildren.)
Request a legal opinion for cases where there is a question about the possibility of deemed status as a wife or child and there is no precedent to fit the individual case situation.
Not recognized from January 1940 through March 1954
Not recognized from January 1952 through March 1976
Not recognized from January 1956 through January 1971
Not recognized through May 1987
The 1986 Ontario Family Law Act, while conferring some rights on cohabitants, neither recognizes the relationship as a valid marriage nor grants the same status as a spouse for the taking of intestate personal property.
Not recognized through June 1961
Not recognized through June 2015
Not recognized from January 1970 through January 1983
Not recognized through January 1966
Not recognized from January 1973 to January 1978
Recognized from October 19, 1940 through June 1986
Cohabitation is not sufficient to produce legal effects. A final court judgment must validate the relationship granting the same status as a civil marriage.
Not recognized from June 30, 1922 through July 1953
Not recognized through March 1963
Not recognized from January 1928 through January 1958
England (see United Kingdom)
Not recognized from January 1967 through July 1970
Not recognized through May 1987
Not recognized through February 1963
Not recognized through April 1969
Not recognized from January 1947 through March 1962
Not recognized from January 1946 through March 1964
Not recognized from June 16, 1965 through October 1982
Although the Honduran constitution provides for the acknowledgement of de facto unions, there are no laws that effectuate this acknowledgment.
Not recognized from January 1947 through August 1982
Not generally recognized through February 1980
However, in some death cases, such a union can give the survivor inheritance rights which provides widows benefits for Social Security purposes. To secure such rights:
Couple must have lived together as husband and wife;
Each must have been unmarried at the time of death; and
There must be no contrary direction, express or implied, for the distribution of the deceased's property.
Ireland, Republic of
Not recognized through November 1960
Not recognized through October 1951
Not recognized through August 1971
Not recognized from January 15, 1962 through March 1970
Not recognized through February 1986
State of Tamaulipas recognized common law marriages from November 1, 1940 through October 23, 1961. The union (cohabitation and continued sexual relations of one man and one woman), is considered a marriage for all legal purposes. It is not considered a marriage if the parties separated and established a similar relationship with another party.
Some of the Mexican states and the Mexican Federal District recognize a state of “*Concubinage” in certain death cases where the couple lived together for 5 years prior to the date of death (without prior unresolved marriages).
*Concubinage is the state of a woman or man in an ongoing, usually matrimonially oriented, relationship with somebody to whom they cannot be married often because of a difference in social status or economic condition.
Not recognized through February 1997
Not recognized through August 1959
Not recognized through August 1974
Scotland (see United Kingdom)
Not recognized through March 1952
Recognized prior to October 1, 1935
Not recognized from October 1, 1935 through May 1985 unless validly registered with the civil authorities. Valid common law relationships that were effective prior to October 1, 1935 are subsequently recognized.
Trinidad and Tobago
Not recognized from January 1902 through July 1948
Not recognized through August 1957
Not recognized from January 1, 1940 through February 1957
Not recognized from January 1964 through April 30, 1975
Not recognized from January 1954 through December 1957