TN 2 (10-97)
GN 01719.105 Effective Date of the U.S. - U.K. Agreement
Unlike other U.S. Social Security agreements, the agreement with the United Kingdom provided for staged implementation of its coverage and benefits provisions. The provisions of the agreement that eliminate double Social Security coverage and taxation became effective January 1, 1985. The provisions which permit persons who meet certain conditions to use their Social Security credits in both countries to qualify for benefits became effective January 1, 1988. A supplementary agreement which revises several provisions of the original agreement became effective September 1, 1997.
Periods of U.S. and U.K. Social Security coverage a worker earned prior to January 1, 1988 may be used to establish entitlement to U.S. or U.K. Totalization benefits. However, the earliest possible month of entitlement to such benefits is January 1988.