Dependents and survivors benefits generally may not be paid to aliens who have been
outside the United States for more than 6 months and who first became eligible for
the benefits after 1984, unless they satisfy certain U.S. residency requirements (5-year
As explained in GN 01701.150A.2., citizens or residents of a country with which the U.S. has a Totalization agreement
are exempt from these requirements unless the agreement includes a limitation on the
exemption. The U.S.-Portuguese agreement does not contain a limitation. Therefore,
Portuguese citizens, regardless of where they reside, and residents of Portugal are
exempt from these requirements.