Under Section 202(t)(11) of the Social Security Act, benefits generally may not be
paid to non-U.S. citizens outside the U.S. who first became eligible for dependent
or survivor benefits after 1984, unless they resided in the U.S. for at least 5 years
during which their relationship with the worker existed.
As explained in GN 01701.150A.2., citizens or residents of a country with which the U.S. has a Totalization agreement
are generally exempt from these requirements. Therefore, Korean citizens, regardless
of where they reside, and residents of Korea are exempt from these requirements.