The provisions of the agreement that permit people to qualify for benefits based on
combined U.S. and Japanese coverage credits apply to the following types of benefits:
U.S. retirement, survivors and disability benefits. The agreement does not apply to
Medicare benefits or Supplemental Security Income payments.
Japanese retirement, survivors and disability benefits. The agreement does not apply
to the Japanese Old-Age Welfare Pension or to other Japanese non-contributory, means-tested
allowances paid from general revenues. The agreement also doesn’t apply to the pension
system for members of local assemblies, which is a supplemental pension system for
local government workers.