Under Section 202(t)(11) of the Social Security Act, dependents and survivors benefits
generally may not be paid to non-U.S. citizens outside the United States who have
been outside for more than 6 months and who first became eligible for benefits after
1984, unless they satisfy certain U.S. residency requirements (5-year residency rule).
As explained in GN 01701.150A.2., citizens or residents of a country with which the United States has a Totalization
agreement are exempt from these requirements unless an agreement includes a limitation
on the exemption. The U.S.-Japanese agreement does not contain a limitation. Therefore,
Japanese citizens, regardless of where they reside, and residents of Japan are exempt
from these requirements.