Generally, section 202(t)(11) of the Social Security Act provides that no U.S. Social
Security monthly benefit may be paid to an individual who is not a U.S. citizen or
national for any month after the 6th consecutive month that the individual is outside the U.S. unless the individual previously
resided in the United States for at least five years and had a relationship with the
numberholder as specified in the Act. However, section 202(t)(11)(E) makes an exception
for individuals who are citizens or residents of a foreign country with which the
U.S. has a Totalization agreement to the extent provided in such an agreement.
As explained in GN 01701.150A.2., citizens or residents of a country with which the United States has a Totalization
agreement are exempt from these requirements unless an agreement includes a limitation
on the exemption. The U.S.-Polish agreement does not contain any such limitation.