TN 6 (07-90)
GN 05010.045 Developing the Substantial Presence Test
Do not develop for U.S. resident status under the substantial presence unless the individual:
Alleges U.S. residence, and
In developing whether this test is met, consider whether the individual was present in the U.S. on the required number of days (GN 05010.040C.1.) and whether he was an exempt person (GN 05010.040B.).
A beneficiary outside the U.S. cannot meet this test on a continuing basis unless the file shows he plans to return to the U.S. in the next year.
NOTE: Since this test is based on a computation of the days present in the U.S. in the current and preceding 2 years, there are annual contacts (see GN 05010.050) to verify this test continues to be met.
2. Presence in the U.S.
Generally, accept an individual's statement about days he was present in the U.S. if supported by documentary evidence.
Evidence of presence in the U.S. must be sufficient to establish presence at the beginning of each period and to permit a reasonable assumption an individual remained in the U.S. as alleged. It need not show he was in the U.S. on each day of every period.
Assume periods of residence on the SSA-21 or other statements correspond to an individual's presence in the U.S. Do not develop for periods of presence, other than shown on the SSA-21 or other data in file, unless information on other periods comes to SSA's attention.
If an individual shows only the month and year his presence began and ended, assume the period of presence began on the last day of the first month of the period and ended on the first day of the last month of the period. Do not recontact an individual to get actual day of entrance/departure unless it is material to the computation.
NOTE: This does not eliminate need for evidence of presence in the U.S. (see C.). It only eliminates need for recontact when this information is not needed,
3. Exempt Person
Assume, absent information to the contrary, an individual is not an exempt person.
B. Procedure - Presence in U.S.
Secure a statement of residence in the U.S. as explained in GN 05010.030C.1.
Ask the individual when he became a U.S. resident and when he was present in the U.S. if the information on the SSA-21 about the periods he was in U.S. is not sufficient to develop substantial presence or there is no SSA-21.
2. Residence Began in Current Year
Ascertain the number of days the individual was present in the U.S. in the current year.
Not Present at Least 183 Days - Explain the provisions of the test and advise the individual to contact SSA when he meets these provisions.
Present at Least 183 Days - Get evidence of presence (see E.).
3. Residence Began in Year Before Current Year
Ascertain the number of days the individual was present in the U.S. in the current and prior years.
Not Present in Current Year at Least 31 Days -
Do not undertake further development. Explain the provisions of the test and advise the beneficiary to contact SSA when he meets these provisions.
Present in Current Year at Least 31 Days - Use formula in GN 05010.040C.3. to determine whether the substantial presence test can be met.
If the substantial presence test can be met,get evidence of presence (see E.).
4. Residence Began More Than 1 Year Before Current Year
Ascertain the number of days the individual was in the U.S. in the current year and preceding 2 years. Take action as explained in 3.
C. Procedure - Exempt Person
Examine the individual's visa or other admission papers to ascertain his status if there is an indication he may be an exempt person.
If the individual is an exempt person, advise him he cannot be considered a U.S. resident under the substantial presence test and is subject to tax withholding.
D. Kinds of Evidence of Presence
Evidence of presence in the U.S. can include,is not limited to:
Visa or passport showing date(s) of entry into/departure from the U.S.
Entry permit stamped or officially annotated with date(s) of entry.
Employer statements or records.
Plane ticket showing date of arrival/departure.
Statement from, or records of, religious or other organizations showing regular participation in services or activities.
Medical records showing regular treatment/care.
Utility or other bills addressed to the individual in the U.S.
Rent receipts. (Because of abuse of rent receipts, they are used only with with other evidence.)
Statements from U.S. residents about the individual's presence in the U.S. and giving basis for their knowledge. (These statements are used if individual has no other evidence or only other evidence is rent receipts.)
When the development is complete for a beneficiary on the rolls, action is taken as follows:
FO Development - The FO sends the development to the PC for prong filing.
NOTE: No notice is sent to the beneficiary if the evidence does not result in a change in his tax status since he was advised of this during the development.
FSP or VARO Development - The development is sent to OIO for review.
OIO advises the beneficiary whether his tax status is being changed and the result of any change.
OIO Development by Direct Mail - The beneficiary is advised whether his tax status has changed and result of any change.
This is an example of the documentation needed to establish presence in the U.S.
A alleges U.S. presence from January 15, 1988 through December 3, 1988. He submits an airline ticket receipt as evidence of his January 15, 1988 arrival. Additional evidence is needed to establish he remained in the U.S. for entire period. If he also submits a visa permitting him to stay in U.S. for 1 year, this will be sufficient evidence to assume he stayed in U.S. as alleged.