RS 02001.567 Rule for Government Employees - U.S. Portuguese Agreement


In general, nationals of a country who work abroad in the diplomatic or consular services of their country are exempt, under the Vienna Conventions, from social security coverage and contributions under the laws of the host country unless that exemption has been specifically waived.

The Conventions, to which both the United States and Portugal are Parties, apply to:

  • members of the staff of a diplomatic or consular mission, including the diplomatic, consular, administrative, and technical staffs;

  • dependents of members of those staffs;

  • the domestic service staff of those missions; and

  • the private servants employed by members of such missions (under certain conditions).


The agreement does not affect the coverage of U.S. or Portuguese Government employees to whom the Vienna Conventions apply. They remain exempt from coverage in the host country.

The agreement establishes the following rules for government employees not covered by the Vienna Conventions.

  • U.S. national employed by U.S. Government in Portugal — U.S. coverage applies (Social Security and/or Federal Pension Program)

  • Portuguese national employed by Portuguese Government in the U.S. — Portuguese coverage


U.S. Citizens Employed by Foreign Governments, RS 01802.050

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RS 02001.567 - Rule for Government Employees - U.S. Portuguese Agreement - 06/14/2004
Batch run: 06/14/2004