In addition to meeting the residency requirement, an adopted child must also have
An alien who is entitled to benefits as the adopted child of a living or deceased
NH must meet the residency requirement in one of the following ways: The child must
have resided in the U.S. for 5 or more years as the adopted child of the NH on whose
earnings record entitlement is based; or
The NH on whose earnings record the adopted child is entitled and the other parent,
if any, (see RS 02610.035—Determining the Other Parent) must each have either resided in the U.S. for 5 or
more years or died while residing in the U.S.
In addition, the adopted child must meet the following requirements:
The child must have been adopted within the U.S. by the NH on whose earnings record
the child ‘s entitlement is based; and
The child must have lived in the U.S. with and received one half support from the
NH for a period beginning prior to the child’s attainment of age 18 of at least one
year immediately before the month in which the NH became eligible for retirement insurance
benefits (RIB) or disability insurance benefits (DIB) or died, whichever comes first
or, if the adopted parent has a period of disability which continued until he/she
became entitled to RIB or DIB or died, the year before the month in which that period
of disability began.
The requirement “adopted in the U.S.” Is material to continuing eligibility for payment
outside the U.S. The adoption decree or other documentary evidence must state that
the adoption occurred in the U.S. An amended birth certificate that is issued after
an adoption is not documentary evidence that can be used to prove that the adoption
occurred in the U.S.
NOTE: A parent’s or child’s residence in the U.S. after the NH dies may be counted toward
the 5 year period of residence.
One Half Support, Corroborating Statement and Other Evidence (RS 01301.165)
Other Sources of Support Evidence and Information (RS 01301.180)
Determining One Half Support (RS 01301.185)
One Half Support Child Dependency Cases (RS 01301.206)
Child in Care (RS 01310.000)