TN 22 (12-18)

DI 23022.670 Alobar Holoprosencephaly

COMPASSIONATE ALLOWANCE INFORMATION

ALOBAR HOLOPROSENCEPHALY

ALTERNATE NAMES

Alobar HPE; Holoprosencephaly; HPE; Holoprosencephaly 1 Alobar; Familial Alobar Holoprosencephaly; Holoprosencephaly Sequence

DESCRIPTION

Alobar Holoprosencephaly (HPE) is the most severe type of holoprosencephaly, a structural anomaly of the brain that occurs early in gestational development. Inalobar HPE, there is a complete failure of the brain to divide into right and left hemispheres, resulting in the loss of midline structures of the brain and face, as well as fusion of the cavities (ventricles) of the brain.

The affected fetus is usually stillborn or dies soon after birth, or during the first 6 months of life. HPE may be associated with trisomy syndromes or other genetic mutations found in at least 14 different genes.

DIAGNOSTIC TESTING, PHYSICAL FINDINGS, AND ICD-9-CM CODING

Diagnostic testing: MRI or CT of the brain

Physical findings: Most infants with alobar HPE have severe facial anomalies, including:

• A single eye (cyclopia);

• Very closely spaced eyes (ethmocephaly);

• Absent eyes (anophthalmia);

• Very small eye (microphthalmia) with a tubular-shaped nose (proboscis);

• Closely spaced eyes (hypotelorism) and a flattened nose or cleft lip that occurs in the middle of the lip (median cleft lip) or on both sides (bilateral cleft lip).

Other findings may include:

  • Developmental delay;

  • Seizures;

  • Hydrocephalus (buildup of brain fluid);

  • Hypothalamic/pituitary and brain stem dysfunction;

  • Abnormal swallow or feeding difficulties; and

  • Failure to thrive/abnormal growth.

ICD-9: 742.2

PROGRESSION

Outcomes for HPE vary based upon the severity of the malformation. Most infants Approximately 50% of children with alobar HPE die in first six months life.before age 4 to 5 months.

TREATMENT

There is no cure for HPE. Treatment is symptomatic and supportive and may include antiepileptic drugs for seizures and hormone replacement therapy for pituitary dysfunction.

SUGGESTED PROGRAMMATIC ASSESSMENT*

Suggested MER for Evaluation:

  • Clinical history and physical examination that describes the diagnostic features of the impairment; and

  • Cranial MRI or CT.

Suggested Listings for Evaluation:

DETERMINATION

LISTING

REMARKS

Meets

110.08 A

Only alobar HPE is considered to meet the criteria in listing 110.08 A. For lobar and semilobar HPE, as the clinical course is more variable, evaluate on a case-by-case basis under affected body systems; growth and development, and functional limitation.

Equals

* Adjudicators may, at their discretion, use the Medical Evidence of Record or the listings suggested to evaluate the claim. However, the decision to allow or deny the claim rests with the adjudicator.


To Link to this section - Use this URL:
http://policy.ssa.gov/poms.nsf/lnx/0423022670
DI 23022.670 - Alobar Holoprosencephaly - 12/28/2018
Batch run: 12/28/2018
Rev:12/28/2018