TN 7 (08-12)

DI 23022.765 Hypocomplementemic Urticarial Vasculitis Syndrome

COMPASSIONATE ALLOWANCE INFORMATION

HYPOCOMPLEMENTEMIC URTICARIAL VASCULITIS SYNDROME

ALTERNATE NAMES

Hypocomplementemic Vasculitis; Urticarial Vasculitis; McDuffie Syndrome

DESCRIPTION

Hypocomplementemic Urticarial Vasculitis Syndrome (HUVS) is a rare type of chronic autoimmune inflammation of small blood vessels and abnormally low levels of complement. HUVS usually involves the skin with painful urticaria (hives), and may cause inflammatory changes in joints, kidneys, gastrointestinal tract, lungs, heart, and eyes. HUVS is often associated with systemic diseases such as COPD, systemic lupus, and Sjögren syndrome.

DIAGNOSTIC TESTING, PHYSICAL FINDINGS, AND ICD-9-CM CODING

Diagnostic testing: Laboratory tests of serum documenting complement deficiency and positive C1q antibody, and skin or organ biopsy documenting leukocytoclastic vasculitis (LCV), also known as hypersensitivity vasculitis. The clinical criteria for diagnosis of HUVS include characteristic chronic urticaria with residual hyperpigmentation, and inflammatory vasculitis with angioedema, glomerulonephritis, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, arthritis, or uveitis.

ICD-9: 279.4

ONSET AND PROGRESSION

The prognosis of HUVS depends on the organ system involved. Lung disease results in significant morbidity and mortality, and is made worse by smoking. Kidney involvement with glomerulonephritis may ultimately result in end stage renal disease with need for kidney transplant. Death may also occur due to acute laryngeal edema.

TREATMENT

The treatment of HUVS is determined by the organ involved and severity of the disease, and may include combinations of antihistamines, glucocorticoids and other immunosuppressive medications. COPD and cardiac valvular defects may require specific treatment.

SUGGESTED PROGRAMMATIC ASSESSMENT*

Suggested MER for evaluation:

  • Treating physician records of clinical history and physical findings

  • Skin and/or tissue biopsy report

  • Laboratory reports showing abnormal complement levels and C1q antibody

  • Evidence of organ dysfunction, especially eye, renal, cardiac, and respiratory systems (for example, pulmonary function tests)

Suggested Listings for Evaluation:

DETERMINATION

LISTING

REMARKS

Meets Listing

14.02

114.02

 

Medical Equals

3.02A

 

* Adjudicators may, at their discretion, use the Medical Evidence of Record or Listings suggested to evaluate the claim. However, the decision to allow or deny the claim rests with the adjudicator.


To Link to this section - Use this URL:
http://policy.ssa.gov/poms.nsf/lnx/0423022765
DI 23022.765 - Hypocomplementemic Urticarial Vasculitis Syndrome - 08/10/2012
Batch run: 08/10/2012
Rev:08/10/2012