TN 7 (08-12)
DI 23022.890 Schindler Disease--Type I
COMPASSIONATE ALLOWANCE INFORMATION
SCHINDLER DISEASE--TYPE I
Neuroaxonal Dystrophy Schindler type; Alpha-N-Acetylgalactosaminidase Deficiency Type 1; NAGA Deficiency Type 1; Alpha NAGA Deficiency Schindler Type; Schindler Disease Type 1 Infantile Onset; Schindler Disease Infantile Type; Schindler Disease Classic Form
Schindler Disease--Type I is a rare inherited neurodegenerative disorder that is caused by mutations in the NAGA gene. The abnormal activity of the NAGA gene causes intracellular accumulations of glycoproteins and glycolipids and eventual cell death. The most affected organ is the central nervous system. Schindler Disease Type 1 is the most severe type of this disorder and has an infantile onset.
DIAGNOSTIC TESTING, PHYSICAL FINDINGS, AND ICD-9-CM CODING
Diagnostic testing: Blood cells or skin biopsies document reduced or absent NAGA enzyme activity.
Physical findings: Evidence should show that the child has signs of neurodevelopmental regression, profound intellectual disability; nystagmus, visual impairment and hypotonia that later evolves into muscle hypertonicity and rigidity.
ONSET AND PROGRESSION
Infants with this disease have normal physical development during the first months of life after which they experience developmental regression beginning at 8 – 15 months. Worsening muscle tone and decreased movement, vision loss and seizures may become evident as the disease progresses.
There is no current cure for this disease. Treatment is supportive.
SUGGESTED PROGRAMMATIC ASSESSMENT*
Suggested MER for evaluation:
Suggested Listings for Evaluation:
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* Adjudicators may, at their discretion, use the Medical Evidence of Record or Listings suggested to evaluate the claim. However, the decision to allow or deny the claim rests with the adjudicator.