• Biopsy reports documenting lymphatic channel anaplasia;
• CT, MRI, or nuclear medicine scans; and
• Doppler ultrasonography is used to evaluate flow in the lymphatic and venous systems.
Physical findings: Physical findings of this condition may include:
• Lymphatic pathway dysplasia (abnormal development of the lymphatic vessels that
transports lymphatic fluid;
• Aplasia (congenital absence of a limb, organ or other body part);
• Hypoplasia (incomplete development of an organ or part);
• Heavy, swollen lower or upper limbs that may be shorter than unaffected limbs, or
may have digital anomalies; and
• Skin changes such as tightness, thickening, discoloration or hardening; there may
be signs of infection.