DI 34133.003 Neoplastic Diseases, Malignant Listings from 01/06/86 to 05/23/02
13.00 Neoplastic Diseases, Malignant
A. Introduction: The determination of the level of impairment resulting from malignant tumors is made from a consideration of the site of the lesion, the histogenesis of the tumor, the extent of involvement, the apparent adequacy and response to therapy (surgery, irradiation, hormones, chemotherapy, etc.) and the magnitude of the posttherapeutic residuals.
B. Documentation: The diagnosis of malignant tumors should be established on the basis of symptoms, signs, and laboratory findings. The site of the primary, recurrent, and metastatic lesion must be specified in all cases of malignant neoplastic diseases. If an operative procedure has been performed, the evidence should include a copy of the operative note and the report of the gross and microscopic examination of the surgical specimen. If these documents are not obtainable, then the summary of hospitalization or a report from the treating physician must include details of the findings at surgery and the results of the pathologist's gross and microscopic examination of the tissues.
For those cases in which a disabling impairment was not established when therapy was begun but progression of the disease is likely, current medical evidence should include a report of recent examination directed especially at local or regional recurrence, soft part or skeletal metastases, and significant posttherapeutic residuals.
C. Evaluation: Usually, when the malignant tumor consists only of a local lesion with metastases to the regional lymph nodes which apparently has been completely excised, imminent recurrence or metastases is not anticipated. A number of exceptions are noted in the specific listings. For adjudicative purposes, “distant metastases” or “metastases beyond the regional lymph nodes” refers to metastases beyond the lines of the usual radical en bloc resection.
Local or regional recurrence after radical surgery or pathological evidence of incomplete excision by radical surgery is to be equated with unresectable lesions (except for carcinoma of the breast, 13.09C) and, for the purposes of our program, may be evaluated as “inoperable.”
Local or regional recurrence after incomplete excision of a localized and still completely resectable tumor is not to be equated with recurrence after radical surgery. In the evaluation of lymphomas, the tissue type and site of involvement are not necessarily indicators of the degree of impairment.
When a malignant tumor has metastasized beyond the regional lymph nodes, the impairment will usually be found to meet the requirements of a specific listing. Exceptions are hormone-dependent tumors, isotope-sensitive metastases, and metastases from seminoma of the testicles which are controlled by definitive therapy.
When the original tumor and any metastases have apparently disappeared and have not been evident for 3 or more years, the impairment does not meet the criteria under this body system.
D. Effects of Therapy. Significant posttherapeutic residuals, not specifically included in the category of impairments for malignant neoplasms, should be evaluated according to the affected body system.
Where the impairment is not listed in the Listing of Impairments and is not medically equivalent to a listed impairment, the impact of any residual impairment including that caused by therapy must be considered. The therapeutic regimen and consequent adverse response to therapy may vary widely; therefore, each case must be considered on an individual basis. It is essential to obtain a specific description of the therapeutic regimen, including the drugs given, dosage, frequency of drug administration, and plans for continued drug administration. It is necessary to obtain a description of the complications or any other adverse response to therapy such as nausea, vomiting, diarrhea, weakness, dermatologic disorders, or reactive mental disorders. Since the severity of the adverse effects of anticancer chemotherapy may change during the period of drug administration, the decision regarding the impact of drug therapy should be based on a sufficient period of therapy to permit proper consideration.
E. Onset. To establish onset of disability prior to the time a malignancy is first demonstrated to be inoperable or beyond control by other modes of therapy (and prior evidence is nonexistent) requires medical judgment based on medically reported symptoms, the type of the specific malignancy, its location, and extent of involvement when first demonstrated.
13.01 Category of Impairments, Neoplastic Diseases, Malignant
13.02 Head and Neck (except salivary glands—13.07, thyroid gland—13.08, and mandible, maxilla, orbit, or temporal fossa—13.11):
A. Inoperable; or
B. Not controlled by prescribed therapy; or
C. Recurrent after radical surgery or irradiation; or
D. With distant metastases; or
E. Epidermoid carcinoma occurring in the pyriform sinus or posterior third of the tongue.
13.03 Sarcoma of skin:
A. Angiosarcoma with metastases to regional lymph nodes or beyond; or
B. Mycosis fungoides with metastases to regional lymph nodes, or with visceral involvement.
13.04 Sarcoma of soft parts: Not controlled by prescribed therapy.
13.05 Malignant melanoma:
A. Recurrent after wide excision; or
B. With metastases to adjacent skin (satellite lesions) or elsewhere.
13.06 Lymph nodes:
A. Hodgkin's disease or non-Hodgkin's lymphoma with progressive disease not controlled by prescribed therapy; or
B. Metastatic carcinoma in a lymph node (except for epidermoid carcinoma in a lymph node in the neck) where the primary site is not determined after adequate search; or
C. Epidermoid carcinoma in a lymph node in the neck not responding to prescribed therapy.
13.07 Salivary glands - carcinoma or sarcoma with metastases beyond the regional lymph nodes.
13.08 Thyroid gland - carcinoma with metastases beyond the regional lymph nodes, not controlled by prescribed therapy.
A. Inoperable carcinoma; or
B. Inflammatory carcinoma; or
C. Recurrent carcinoma, except local recurrence controlled by prescribed therapy; or
D. Distant metastases from breast carcinoma (bilateral breast carcinoma, synchronous or metachronous, is usually primary in each breast); or
E. Sarcoma with metastases anywhere.
13.10 Skeletal system (exclusive of the jaw):
A. Malignant primary tumors with evidence of metastases and not controlled by prescribed therapy; or
B. Metastatic carcinoma to bone where the primary site is not determined after adequate search.
13.11 Mandible, maxilla, orbit, or temporal fossa:
A. Sarcoma of any type with metastases; or
B. Carcinoma of the antrum with extension into the orbit or ethmoid or sphenoid sinus, or with regional or distant metastases; or
C. Orbital tumors with intracranial extension; or
D. Tumors of the temporal fossa with perforation of skull and meningeal involvement; or
E. Adamantinoma with orbital or intracranial infiltration; or
F. Tumors of Rathke's pouch with infiltration of the base of the skull or metastases.
13.12 Brain or spinal cord:
A. Metastatic carcinoma to brain or spinal cord.
B. Evaluate other tumors under the criteria described in 11.05 and 11.08.
A. Unresectable or with incomplete excision; or
B. Recurrence or metastases after resection; or
C. Oat cell (small cell) carcinoma; or
D. Squamous cell carcinoma, with metastases beyond the hilar lymph nodes; or
E. For other histologic types of carcinoma, including undifferentiated and mixed-cell types (but excluding oat cell carcinoma, 13.13C, and squamous cell carcinoma, 13.13D), with metastases to the hilar lymph nodes.
13.14 Pleura or mediastinum:
A. Malignant mesothelioma of pleura; or
B. Malignant tumors, metastatic to pleura; or
C. Malignant primary tumor of the mediastinum not controlled by prescribed therapy.
A. Generalized carcinomatosis; or
B. Retroperitoneal cellular sarcoma not controlled by prescribed therapy; or
C. Ascites with demonstrated malignant cells.
13.16 Esophagus or stomach:
A. Carcinoma or sarcoma of the esophagus; or
B. Carcinoma of the stomach with metastases to the regional lymph nodes or extension to surrounding structures; or
C. Sarcoma of stomach not controlled by prescribed therapy; or
D. Inoperable carcinoma; or
E. Recurrence or metastases after resection.
13.17 Small intestine:
A. Carcinoma, sarcoma, or carcinoid tumor with metastases beyond the regional lymph nodes; or
B. Recurrence of carcinoma, sarcoma, or carcinoid tumor after resection; or
C. Sarcoma, not controlled by prescribed therapy.
13.18 Large intestine (from ileocecal valve to and including anal canal) - carcinoma or sarcoma:
A. Unresectable; or
B. Metastases beyond the regional lymph nodes; or
C. Recurrence or metastases after resection.
13.19 Liver or gallbladder:
A. Primary or metastatic malignant tumors of the liver; or
B. Carcinoma of the gallbladder; or
C. Carcinoma of the bile ducts.
A. Carcinoma except islet cell carcinoma; or
B. Islet cell carcinoma which is unresectable and physiologically active.
13.21 Kidneys, adrenal glands, or ureters - carcinoma:
A. Unresectable; or
B. With hematogenous spread to distant sites; or
C. With metastases to regional lymph nodes.
13.22 Urinary bladder - carcinoma. With:
A. Infiltration beyond the bladder wall; or
B. Metastases to regional lymph modes; or
C. Unresectable; or
D. Recurrence after total cystectomy; or
E. Evaluate renal impairment after total cystectomy under the criteria in 6.02.
13.23 Prostate gland - carcinoma not controlled by prescribed therapy.
A. Choriocarcinoma; or
B. Other malignant primary tumors with progressive disease not controlled by prescribed therapy.
13.25 Uterus - carcinoma or sarcoma (corpus or cervix):
A. Inoperable and not controlled by prescribed therapy; or
B. Recurrent after total hysterectomy; or
C. Total pelvic exenteration.
13.26 Ovaries - all malignant primary or recurrent tumors. With:
A. Ascites with demonstrated malignant cells; or
B. Unresectable infiltration; or
C. Unresectable metastases to omentum or elsewhere in the peritoneal cavity; or
D. Distant metastases.
13.27 Leukemia: Evaluate under the criteria of 7.00ff, Hemic and Lymphatic System.
13.28 Uterine (Fallopian) tubes - carcinoma or sarcoma:
A. Unresectable; or
B. Metastases to regional lymph nodes.
13.29 Penis - carcinoma, with metastases to regional lymph nodes.
13.30 Vulva - carcinoma, with distant metastases.