Shortly after World War II, the Federal Republic of Germany (FRG) began to make a
number of individual settlements to compensate victims of Nazi persecution. In 1956,
Germany’s Federal Law for the Compensation of the Victims of National Socialist Persecution
(“German Restitution Act”) provided for reparations payments to certain survivors
of the Holocaust. The German Reunification Act of 1990 provided for additional reparations
payments to Nazi persecution victims through programs administered by the Conference
on Jewish Material Claims Against Germany (“Claims Conference”).
Since 1997, under the German Law for the Payment of Pensions for Periods of Employment
in a Ghetto (German acronym, ZRBG), the German government has granted credits toward
a pension under its social insurance program to victims of Nazi persecution who performed
non-forced work during their confinement in a ghetto during World War II.