TN 16 (10-15)
SI 02260.008 Subsequent Waiver Request Denial (Res Judicata) - Supplemental Security Income (SSI)
A. Background of res judicata
Res judicata is a rule that provides that once an issue is decided it does not need to be decided again. If a recipient, or his or her representative, files multiple waiver requests for the same overpayment, raises no new issues and provides no new facts or material evidence, we will apply res judicata.
Res judicata allows us to adopt a prior determination denying a waiver request when the recipient or his or her representative fails to provide new and material evidence.
B. Policy for applying res judicata to duplicate SSI overpayment waiver requests
Res judicata in a waiver is derived from the fact that findings of fault are based on a person’s circumstances prior to an overpayment determination. Those circumstances remain constant. Consequently, a new waiver determination is not necessary if:
The “at fault’ determination in the previously denied waiver request is correct;
The requester presents no new issue(s), fact(s), or evidence to reopen and revise the prior determination; or
Reopening is not possible under the rules of administrative finality.
NOTE: For Title XVI administrative finality and general reopening policies, see SI 04070.010.
C. Procedure for applying res judicata to duplicate SSI overpayment waiver requests
1. When res judicata applies
If the liable recipient or his or her representative files a subsequent waiver request for the same overpayment without providing new and material facts or evidence, deny the request without making a new determination based on res judicata.
Notify the recipient that the denial decision on the prior waiver request still applies. Use the Document Processing System (DPS) notice, Res Judicata Overpayment Waiver Denial. The notice is located in the DPS General folder.
After we have issued a res judicata decision on a subsequent overpayment waiver request, the recipient or representative may file an appeal. Appeal rights up to an Appeals Council review are limited to whether the issue is the same as that previously determined.
For instructions regarding the reconsideration request, see SI 02220.017.
2. When res judicata does not apply
If the liable recipient files a subsequent waiver request for the same overpayment and new and material evidence exists, res judicata does not apply. Make a new determination on the waiver request in the usual manner, adhering to the rules for reopening final determinations. For reopening – new and material evidence, see SI 04070.010 and SI 04070.015. For basic waiver instructions, see SI 02260.001.
D. Documenting the subsequent overpayment waiver request
Document the subsequent overpayment waiver request using the Waiver Decision (UOWV) screen in Direct Supplemental Security Record (SSR) Update.
Select the 3 = DENIED — PRIOR DENIAL (NO CHANGE) decision for the overpayment sequence in UOWV.
Enter on the Modernized Supplemental Security Income Claims System (MSSICS) Report of Contact (DROC) screen (or SSA-5002 for non-MSSICS cases):
“Res Judicata Denial” and provide a rationale (e.g., no new evidence submitted/submitted same evidence, etc.);
The overpayment sequence number; and
The date of the decision.
Fax the SSA-632-BK or other equivalent paper document(s) and the SSA-5002 into the Certified Electronic File (CEF) or NDRed.
NOTE: For basic overpayment waiver input instructions, see MSOM BUSSR 004.009
E. Examples when res judicata applies and does not apply
1. When res judicata applies
In January 2015, Paula Nichols requests waiver of recovery for her $2,500.00 overpayment. We deny the waiver request because we determined that Paula was at fault in causing the overpayment. Instead of an appeal, Paula files a subsequent waiver request on the same overpayment decision without providing new evidence, facts, or information. Since Paula submitted no new evidence, we deny the waiver based on res judicata. Paula retains the right to appeal only whe