Identification Number:
SI 02220 TN 43
Intended Audience:See Transmittal Sheet
Originating Office:DCBFM OFPO
Title:Recovery Procedures for Supplemental Security Income Overpayments
Type:POMS Transmittals
Program:Title XVI (SSI)
Link To Reference:
 

PROGRAM OPERATIONS MANUAL SYSTEM
Part SI – Supplemental Security Income
Chapter 022 – Overpayments
Subchapter 20 – Recovery Procedures for Supplemental Security Income Overpayments
Transmittal No. 43, 12/11/2018

Audience

PSC: BA, CCRE, CS, DS, LEAD DS, PETE, TA, TST;
OCO-ODO: CST, CTE, CTE TE, RCOVTA, RECONR, RECOVR;
FO/TSC: CS, CS TII, CS TXVI, CSR, CTE, DRT, FR, OA, OS, RR, TA, TSC-CSR;

Originating Component

OFPO

Effective Date

Upon Receipt

Background

This is a Quick Action Transmittal. These revisions do not change or introduce new policy or procedure.

Summary of Changes

SI 02220.051 SSI Overpayment – Field Office (FO) Efforts to Locate an Overpaid Individual in Nonpayment Status Who Does Not Have an Established Installment Agreement

Section A.1.

  • changed SSIRD to SSR

  • changed welfare to human resources

  • added LexisNexis Accurint Database

  • changed SSIRD to SSR in 1.d.

Section A.2.

  • In row 2 of the chart under Then: Added NL 00740.000

  • In row 4 of the chart under Then: removed the reference to SI 02220.051.2D.

  • In row 6 of the chart under Then: Changed attempt personal contact visit to Attempt to contact the beneficiary

  • removed the last sentence in the NOTE

SI 02220.051 SSI Overpayment – Field Office (FO) Efforts to Locate an Overpaid Individual in Nonpayment Status Who Does Not Have an Established Installment Agreement

A. Procedures

1. Individual's Record in Nonpayment Status

When an overpaid individual is in non-pay status, does not have an installment agreement, and cannot be located:

a. Make all reasonable efforts to locate the individual using internal and external resources listed in GN 02210.213.

b. When an overpayment notice is returned as undeliverable, check the following sources for possible leads on the individual’s whereabouts:

  • FO records, MBR, SSR;

  • Telephone directory; and

  • The US Postal Service.

If the overpayment notice is returned marked as “deceased,” develop possible recovery from other liable sources (SI 02201.021B.).

c. When the post office cannot provide another address, check with:

  • Local banks (if direct deposit is indicated);

  • Railroad Retirement Board (SI 00830.160);

  • Veterans Administration (SI 00830.160);

  • Office of Personnel Management (SI 00830.220);

  • Employer (SM 00345.000);

  • Local human services office;

  • LexisNexis Accurint Database; or

  • Other available sources.

d. For additional sources to locate overpaid individuals, see GN 02210.213. GN 02210.213 also provides information for determining the extent of collection efforts to undertake for Title XVI overpayments. NOTE: See SM 01311.452 and MSOM BUSSR 004.006 about deleting the notice date from the SSR.

The success rate of locating overpaid individuals depends on the sources of available information and what leads can be followed. Contact with a public pension program, for example, is only appropriate if the SSR shows the receipt of that type of unearned income.

Undertake concurrent source development when multiple leads are present.

e. Contact the employer when other attempts to locate the individual have been unsuccessful and the SSR shows the receipt of earned income.

  • Request identification of the most recent pre-lag employer. Use the online DEQY facility (MSOM QUERIES 003.005). Make this identification request concurrently with other development.

  • Do not contact the employer until other leads are exhausted.

CAUTION: Under the Fair Debt Collection Practices Act, contact at a place of employment is not permitted if a SSA employee knows or has reason to know that the employer prohibits such contact. In addition, it ensures the debtor's right to privacy. Information regarding the debt should not be disclosed to the employer.

f. See SI 02220.050B for final documentation and input actions.

NOTE: When the overpayment is under RECOOP, the Debt Management Section is responsible for locating the overpaid individual (GN 02210.213C).

2. Individual Does Not Respond to Overpayment Notice within 30 Days

Determine whether the person did not receive the notice (e.g., was it returned) or is delinquent in dealing with the overpayment. Then follow the steps in the chart below:

IF

THEN

The overpayment is less than $30.01

Do not proceed any further beyond the issuance of the initial overpayment notice.

The overpayment is $30.01 or more

Send a “Did you Forget” notice to the individual indicating that the payment is past due (recommended timing for this notice is 10 days after the payment is overdue). See NL 00740.000 and NL 00801.000 for notice standards.

Attempt to resolve the collection of the overpayment promptly (through full payment, installment plan, compromise, or waiver). Delay will decrease the probability that any of the debt is recovered.

No response to the “Did you forget” notice is received

Contact the individual by telephone to discuss the overpayment and recovery options.

Telephone contact is impossible (e.g. no phone number is listed)

Send a “call in” letter to the individual. Recommended timing for this action is 5 days after the issuance of the notice.

There is no response to the “call in” letter

Verify the individual's address and send a letter stating the payment is past due.

Recommended timing for this action is 10 days after mailing the “call in” letter.

The overpayment is at least $3,000 and you have verified that a viable address is known for the debtor

Attempt to contact the beneficiary to discuss possible compromise settlement.

REMEMBER: Technicians should complete all follow-ups promptly, and attempt to resolve the overpayment (whether through full repayment, installment plan, compromise, or waiver) when you make contact with the debtor. Delayed action on follow-ups decreases the probability that we will recover any portion of the debt.

NOTE: For additional instructions on how to handle a Title XVI overpayment in RECOOP, see GN 02210.212A.2.


SI 02220 TN 43 - Recovery Procedures for Supplemental Security Income Overpayments - 12/11/2018