1. Child’s Birth Certificate amended for paternity issues.
A child’s name may be amended or corrected for various reasons such as paternity issues, adoption, and State rules permitting a name change based on a parent’s affidavit.
One of the most common reasons a BC is amended is for paternity reasons.
Generally, an unmarried mother’s surname is shown on the birth certificate as her child’s surname unless the father of the child signs a form at the hospital acknowledging paternity or there is a court order concerning paternity. If the father acknowledges paternity, and both of the parents consent to have the child’s surname changed on the birth certificate, then the State office of vital records will change the birth certificate to show the father’s surname as the child’s surname. The father’s name may also be added or changed based on acknowledgment of paternity.
In most States, the way to acknowledge paternity is to sign an official form acknowledging paternity. This form is known as a paternity affidavit, acknowledgement of paternity, declaration of paternity, recognition of parentage, paternity establishment, or order of legitimation. The father may also file a legal action (go to court for an order of paternity) to acknowledge paternity of the child.
When the child’s surname is changed based on acknowledgement of paternity, the State office of vital records issues a new or amended birth certificate for the child.
In many cases, if the paternity of the child is acknowledged shortly after birth, the child may not have an identity document showing his/her name as it is shown on the Numident.
2. Adult or Child’s Birth Certificate amended because of administrative name
change to support Gender Identity
Some U.S. States allow individuals to change their name on the birth record to reflect gender identity without court involvement. Individuals who use these provisions to change their name may receive an approval letter from the State authorizing the name change along with the amended / corrected birth certificate.
State approval letters may include:
the issuing agency’s letterhead
a raised stamp, or affixed seal of the issuing agency
a statement on the basis for the change that was filed with the issuing State agency
the State Registrar’s signature
the applicant’s biographical data (such as prior name, date of birth) that matches the Numident record
the applicant’s new name and birth certificate number that matches the amended / corrected birth certificate.
NOTE: For gender changes based on the birth record see RM