Many governmental assistance programs require that certain recipients work in exchange
for the assistance provided. Most often the amount of the assistance payment is divided
by the minimum wage and the recipient required to perform some service for the resulting
number of hours. Usually a participant in such a work program is given money to cover
any expenses incurred (e.g., carfare, special clothing, miscellaneous, etc.). Programs
connected with general assistance have various locally established names. Programs
connected with AFDC include the Community Work Experience Program (CWEP), and the
Work Incentive Program (WIN). Programs are often run as demonstrations or pilot projects.