TN 1 (02-12)

RM 10250.010 Self Check Versus E-Verify and EV-STAR

A. Self Check is part of E-Verify

Self Check is a subsystem of E-Verify; the Department of Homeland Security (DHS) owns and administers both Self Check and E-Verify. Although these two programs are similar, each program requires different actions from the field offices (FO) and Social Security Card Centers (SSCC). For example, E-Verify is time sensitive and requires FOs and SSCCs to access EV-STAR to record case resolution. Self Check does not have a time limit for resolution and FOs and SSCCs do not access EV-STAR for these cases.

B. Differences between E-Verify and Self Check

The paragraphs below describe E-Verify and Self Check and their similarities and differences.

1. E-Verify description

E-Verify is an Internet-based system for employers to use to check the work authorization status of employees. Participating E-Verify employers enter information into E-Verify from an employee’s DHS Form I-9 (Employment Eligibility Verification). E-Verify compares that information to federal databases to determine if that employee is allowed to work in the United States. If the data matches, E-Verify sends a message to the employer confirming employment eligibility. If the data does not match, E-Verify sends a message to the employer that the employee is tentatively not confirmed. To resolve the Tentative Nonconfirmation or TNC, the employee must visit a Social Security Administration (SSA) FO or SSCC within eight days to correct or update his or her records. If the employee does not visit a SSA office timely, the employer receives a Final Nonconfirmation (FNC), and under the E-Verify program rules, the employer can terminate the employee’s employment. For more information on E-Verify, TNCs, and FNCs, see RM 10245.015, Overview of the E-Verify Process.

2. Self Check description

Self Check provides U.S. citizens and non-citizens a way to confirm their own eligibility to work in the U.S. and allows the user to resolve any data mismatches prior to being hired or while seeking employment. A Self Check user enters the same information into Self Check that employers enter into E-Verify. The Self Check system compares the entered information against the same databases used by E-Verify. Self Check transmits the results to the user, not to an employer.

3. Chart listing similarities and differences between E-Verify and Self Check

The primary difference between E-Verify and Self Check is that there are no potential negative consequences with Self Check. When a user submits a Self Check query and receives information that there is a mismatch with SSA records, he or she decides whether to visit an SSA office to resolve the mismatch. There is no time limit to resolve a Self Check mismatch.

The following chart highlights the differences and similarities between E-Verify and Self Check.

Similarities and Differences between E-Verify and Self Check

Action

E-Verify

Self Check

Uses DHS Form I-9 information

Yes

Yes

Checks federal databases

Yes

Yes

Imposes time limits to resolve mismatch

Yes

No

FO or SSCC must access EV-STAR

Yes

No

Employer submits the request

Yes

No

Results sent to employer

Yes

No

Individual submits the request

No

Yes

Results sent to individual

No

Yes

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