TN 3 (01-03)
Although Belgium pays many different categories of benefits, this section describes
only the retirement, disability and survivors benefits. These are the only Belgian
benefits included within the scope of the agreement.
The eligibility requirements for Belgian retirement benefits are as follows:
Age 65; reduced benefit as early as age 60.
No minimum coverage requirement.
Exception: Special requirements apply to miners and seamen.
Age 60, if pension based on work in surface mining.
Age 55, if pension based on work in underground mining (any age, if at least 25 years
of work in underground mining).
Age 60, if at least 168 months of service at sea.
There is no provision for benefits paid to spouses. However, a spouse’s supplement
may be paid to a retired worker with a dependent spouse.
Age 60; reduced benefit as early as age 55.
There is no provision for divorced husbands’ benefits.
There is no provision for children’s benefits.
NOTE: Belgium pays a benefit for children under age 16 (age 25 if student) or any age if
disabled under a separate Family Allowance program which is not included within the
scope of the agreement.
The eligibility requirements for Belgian disability benefits are as follows:
At least two-thirds disabled.
Disabled for 12 months (may receive short-term sickness benefits during this period).
Some recent work credits.
There is no provision for benefits paid to dependents. However, workers who have dependents
or require the constant attendance of a third party, may receive a higher disability
There is no minimum length of coverage requirement for the deceased worker. The survivor must
meet the following requirements:
Age 45, or any age if caring for a child, disabled or if the deceased worked at least
20 years in underground mining.
Married to the worker for at least 1 year unless a child was born of the marriage
or the worker’s death was an accident.
NOTE: A transitional pension is payable for up to 12 months if a widow(er) is ineligible
for a regular benefit.
Not entitled to benefits on her own record.
There is no provision for divorced widowers’ benefits.
There is no provision for benefits paid to children. However, benefits for orphans
may be payable under the Family Allowance program which is not included within the
scope of the agreement.
Advise individuals that SSA cannot give official information about Belgian benefits.
Refer those individuals who want official information to the Belgian agency responsible
for the type of benefits involved as follows:
IF THE INQUIRY IS ABOUT
THEN REFER INDIVDUALS TO
Retirement and survivors benefits for employees
Retirement and survivors benefits for self-employed individuals
Nonreceipt of Belgian benefits