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GN 01731.010 Overview of the Finnish Social Security System
The Finnish Social Security system provides a wide range of benefits including retirement, survivors and disability benefits through two separate programs, which together make up a two-tier social insurance system:
The first tier, called the National Pensions Scheme(NPS) provides flat-rate benefits for people who reside in Finland.
The second tier, called the Employment Pension Scheme(EPS) pays benefits based on a worker's earnings level and years of coverage.
To qualify for Finnish benefits, a person must meet minimum residence or coverage requirements that vary depending on the type of benefit.