An adverse action is a determination resulting in either nonentitlement, termination
of entitlement or a benefit reduction to an earlier (i.e., a currently-entitled or
previously-entitled) beneficiary because of a subsequent award to a late-filing claimant
on the same SSN.
You may disclose to any adversely affected beneficiary any information that is relevant
to the determination which is adverse to that beneficiary.
CAUTION: Do not disclose the new names of adopted children. (See GN 01010.330A.4.)
EXAMPLE: SSA sends a an adverse adjustment notice. The wife questions her low benefit rate
as a spouse, and the FO explains that the family maximum is a factor because of several
children entitled in another household. The wife asks to see what evidence SSA has
that her husband is the father of the children, and requests the names and address
of the children or their payee.
Because the wife’s benefits is adversely affected by the addition of the other beneficiaries,
you may give her information establishing paternity (including the names of the children
and of the children's mother, which would be on their birth certificates), since this
is relevant to her own benefit rate. However, she is not entitled to the address of
the children, nor the name or address of their payee.