The natural parent-child relationship terminates upon adoption under the laws of the
states in Region V. Each state has statutory provisions that terminate a parent-child
relationship upon adoption.
Generally, a child cannot be adopted without the consent of the non-custodial parent
the non-custodial parent no longer supports or maintains contact with the child, or
the non-custodial parent abandons the child.
However, the states in this Region recognize other situations where consent is not
required. If you encounter a situation where consent is an issue, the matter should be referred to ARC-MOS CRSI/SSI for a legal opinion.
If the child is adopted under these circumstances, the natural parent-child relationship
between the non-custodial parent and the child also terminates. The decision of the
courts to determine what is considered abandonment will vary from state-to-state.
If a child has been adopted, the adoptive parent(s) should submit the adoption papers
to document the adoption.
After entry of an adoption, the natural parent(s) of a child sought to be adopted
be relieved of all parental responsibly for such child;
be deprived of all legal rights in respect to the child;
be free from all obligations of maintenance; and
not exercise or have any rights over the adopted child or the child's property.
The child shall not owe the natural parents any legal duty. After the order of adoption
is entered, the relationship of parent and child between the adopted person and birth
parents, unless the birth parent is the spouse of the adoptive parent, shall be completely
altered and all rights, duties, and other legal consequences of the relationship shall
cease to exist.