Section 202(t)(1) of the Social Security Act provides that certain alien beneficiaries
will have their benefits suspended once they have been outside the U.S. for more than
As explained in GN 01701.150A.1., certain alien beneficiaries who would otherwise be subject to suspension under
section 202(t)(1) are exempt from suspension if they reside in a country with which
the United States has a Totalization agreement. This exemption applies to residents
of Belgium who receive regular retirement, survivors or disability insurance benefits
as well as those who receive Totalization benefits, provided they are:
1. Refugees or stateless persons, or
2. Alien auxiliary or survivor beneficiaries entitled on the Social Security number
of a worker who is (or was at the time of death) a U.S. citizen, Belgian citizen,
or refugee or stateless person.
NOTE: Belgian citizens are already exempt from the alien nonpayment provisions, regardless
of where they reside (see RS 02610.015B.). See GN 01713.145 for additional U.S. residency requirements for alien dependents and survivors.