TN 3 (11-94)

RS 01404.235 Development and Documentation of Deemed Wages - Internment

A. BACKGROUND

Approximately, 110,000 individuals of Japanese ancestry were interned in camps by the U.S. during World War II in the period from December 7, 1941, through December 31, 1946.

B. POLICY

1. When Deemed Wages Are Creditable

  1. Deemed wages, in addition to any wages actually paid during the above period, may be granted to persons for the time they were interned during the period 12/07/41 through 12/31/46.

  2. This is effective for monthly benefits payable after 1972 and LSDP's involving deaths after 1972. Retroactivity for a recalculation for a benefit increase to all beneficiaries is to 01/73, or MOET, if later, regardless of date of request.

  3. The internment period may also be used to establish a disability freeze period.

2. When Deemed Wages Are Not Creditable

Do not credit if the deemed wages or disability freeze period:

  1. would not increase the PIA; or

  2. are for a period of confinement prior to age 18; or

  3. are being used, in whole or in part, to determine a payable benefit by any agency or wholly owned instrumentality of the U.S.

3. Office of Personnel Management (OPM)

  1. OPM (formerly the Civil Service Commission) is the only other Federal agency known to grant deemed wages as in RS 01404.235B.2.c.

  2. OPM credits the internment period in the same way as it credits military service if it would be beneficial to the annuitant.

  3. The claimant cannot choose between civil service and social security credit.

C. PROCEDURE

1. Identify Possible Internee

Ask whether the NH was interned if:

  • year of birth is 1928 or earlier; and

  • there are indications that the NH was residing in the U.S. during any part of the period 12/07/41 through 12/31/46; and

  • there are indications that the NH is of Japanese ancestry or could have been interned at a camp for persons of Japanese ancestry.

2. Obtain Claimant's Statement

Use the RMKS screen (see MSOM MCS 005.040) or an SSA-795 to document the following, if known:

  • if employed prior to the internment, the name and address of the employer, the type of work, and the highest hourly wage paid;

  • if self-employed, the name and address of corporation or business and net earnings for year(s) prior to internment;

  • the name and location of the internment camp and the dates of internment;

  • a female's maiden name, if applicable; and

  • a statement as to whether another Federal benefit has been established or computed based wholly or in part upon the period of internment or that this information is unknown.

3. OPM Use

If claimant alleges use by OPM, do not develop further. No deemed wages/disability freeze can be established.

4. Verify Internship

  1. If claimant alleges no use by OPM or if use is not known, prepare a memorandum (original and one copy) addressed to:

    Legislative and Natural Resources Branch
    National Archives and Records
    Civil Archives Division
    Washington, D.C. 20408
  2. State in the memorandum:

    • the NH's full name (and, if female, maiden name);

    • date of birth; and

    • the name and location of the internment camp and dates of internment, if known.

  3. Include reply spaces/blocks for:

    • dates of internment (from     to     );

    • date of birth; and

    • unable to locate checkoff.

  4. Include signature and title spaces for authorized signature.

  5. Enclose a self-addressed envelope.

  6. When further information is needed after a reply has been received, send a second memorandum, with relevant identifying information, marked at the top, “SECOND REQUEST.”

  7. If no reply is received within 30 calendar days, send another memorandum marked at the top, “DUPLICATE.”

5. Determine Use of Internship by OPM When Internship is Verified

To determine use of internship by OPM when internship is verified: