Evidence presented to challenge the existence of a parent-child relationship may affect
the child’s entitlement to Title II benefits. Parent-child relationships can be challenged
while a child’s claim:
is pending an initial decision;
is within the administrative appeals period; or
is within the period available to reopening, according to the rules of administrative
To decide if you may reopen a finally allowed or disallowed child’s claim to make
a new determination, follow the rules for reopening in GN 04000.000. See also GN 04030.070 for the effect of administrative finality on subsequent and prior claims. Generally,
do not reopen Title II benefit determinations after four years unless fraud or similar fault
exists (see GN 04020.010).
Do not use new evidence challenging an earlier finding that someone is or is not a child’s
parent for Title II benefits to suspend or terminate a child’s continuing entitlement
to benefits. Refer to reopening policy in GN 04000.000 and, if necessary, request
a Regional Chief Counsel (RCC) opinion following instructions in GN 00306.305 and GN 01010.815.
For events that may terminate a child’s continuing entitlement for benefits, see RS 00203.035.