TN 22 (11-01)

HI 01001.330 Incorrect Premium Refunds


An individual may receive a refund which is not actually due him/her with an explanation that this amount represents premiums not owed (or greater than the amount owed). The refund may be made in a separate check or added to the individual's monthly benefit. Such an erroneous refund may occur, for example, because of incorrect information supplied by a third party, a processing error, or because of incorrect data entered into the Direct Billing System. The amount incorrectly paid him/her represents an incorrect premium refund, not a premium arrearage, although it may have been received and treated as such on the direct billing record. The significance of this distinction is that a premium arrearage, which is not paid by the end of the grace period, requires termination of an individual's Supplementary Medical Insurance (SMI) or Premium-Hospital Insurance (HI). An incorrect premium refund, on the other hand, has to be repaid unless the individual may be relieved of the responsibility for repayment of the erroneously refunded amount, but it cannot cost the enrollee his/her SMI or Premium-HI coverage. If termination of his/her Medicare coverage results from recording the erroneous premium refund as a premium arrearage, the termination is erroneous and must be reversed.

An enrollee meets his/her premium obligation when he/she pays his/her premiums. In the case of a beneficiary, premiums are paid when they are deducted from his/her benefits. If his/her benefits are in suspense or he/she is an uninsured beneficiary, premiums are paid when a payment is made by him/her (or by someone on his/her behalf). If SSA mistakenly sends him/her a "refund" after he/she has paid his/her premiums and this mistake results in termination of his/her Medicare coverage, this termination is erroneous and will be reversed when identified. Thus, if after receipt of a premium payment, the premium payment is inadvertently returned to the enrollee, he/she owes Centers for Medicare & Medicaid Services (CMS) the amount incorrectly returned but his/her Medicare coverage is not endangered by the administrative error. When an enrollee submits a "bad check" or one that is unsigned, he/she has not, in fact, paid his/her premiums. However, such a mistake, if made in good faith, may be reason for granting a 3-month good cause extension of the grace period for payment of premiums. (See HI 01001.355.)

Where an incorrect premium refund (regardless of the amount) cannot be recovered, the SMI or (in the case of Premium-HI), the HI Trust Fund rather than the Old-Age and Survivors Insurance Trust Fund is charged. Any rules applicable to incorrect SMI premium refunds are applicable to Premium-HI refunds, except as otherwise provided.


When an individual receives a premium refund which is not due, he/she has not received a benefit overpayment nor has a true premium arrearage been created. However, he/she does owe CMS the excess amount received. Accordingly, when a premium refund is identified as incorrect or erroneous, the program service center (PSC) will compare the erroneously refunded amount with the enrollee's SMI premium rate to determine if it exceeds the tolerance amount in HI 01001.330 and thus requires recovery action. Where the amount does not exceed the tolerance, action will be taken to adjust SSA's record for the amount of the refund but no attempt will be made to recover from the individual. If the amount does exceed the tolerance, the individual will be notified of the amount he/she erroneously received, asked to return it, and told of his/her right to request relief from repayment of the incorrectly refunded amount.


If the individual expressly requests relief from repayment or states that he/she does not have the means to repay the incorrectly refunded amount, a determination on his/her request must be made. Whether or not the enrollee may be excused from repayment depends on whether repayment of this amount would be against equity and good conscience or deprive the individual of funds that are reasonably necessary for ordinary living expenses. This is the same test used in determining whether recovery of a benefit overpayment would defeat the purpose of Title II (Social Security). Therefore, the same rules and procedures pertaining to recovery of a monthly benefit overpayment (see
GN 02250.150 - GN 02250.425) apply even though the incorrect premium refund is not a benefit overpayment.

If an individual has received an incorrect premium refund and requests relief from repayment of the erroneously refunded amount,