TN 40 (12-04)
SI 00501.001 Eligibility Under the Supplemental Security Income Provisions
Social Security Act, Sec 1611 and 1614;
20 CFR 416.202, 416.203, 416.210, 416.214; 416.1851; 416.1856; 416.1861; 416.1866; 416.1870; 416.1870; 416.1872; 416.1874; 416.1876
Title XVI of the Social Security Act specifies who is eligible to receive Supplemental Security Income (SSI) benefits, the amount of cash payments, and the conditions under which payments can be made. A person who applies for SSI and meets the conditions in the law is eligible for benefits. The material in this subchapter is an introduction to the SSI eligibility requirements. Subsequent sections explain these requirements in detail.
1. Basic Eligibility Requirements
The following are the basic eligibility requirements:
Age 65 or older, blind, or disabled;
Reside in one of the 50 States, the District of Columbia, or the Northern Mariana Islands, except for a child of military parent(s) assigned to permanent duty anywhere outside the United States (U.S.) (see SI 00501.415) or certain students temporarily abroad (see SI 00501.411);
Citizen or national of the U.S or an alien who meets the applicable requirements as follows:
for benefits payable beginning August 22, 1996, the alien must meet the alien status requirements in SI 00502.100;
for benefits payable before August 22, 1996, the alien must be lawfully admitted for permanent residence in the U.S. (GN 00303.440) or permanently residing in the U.S. under color of law (SI 00501.420).
Have income and resources within specified limits; and
File an application.
2. Definition of Eligible Individual
An eligible individual is a person who meets all of the basic requirements in SI 00501.001B.1., including a person who meets the definition of “child.” (See SI 00501.010)
3. Definition of Eligible Spouse
An eligible spouse is a person who meets all of the basic requirements in SI 00501.001B.1. and is the husband or wife of the eligible individual and who is living in the same household with that person. An individual and spouse must each file an application and meet all the criteria to establish eligibility as an eligible couple.
4. Eligibility Exceptions
Despite meeting all of the criteria, an individual is not eligible for SSI if he or she:
Fails to apply for all other benefits for which he or she may be eligible. (See SI 00510.001 through SI 00510.030.)
Is, in some cases, a resident of a public institution throughout a month. (See SI 00520.001, SI 00520.009, SI 00520.010 through SI 00520.012, and SI 00520.120 through SI 00520.930.)
Has been outside the U.S. for 30 consecutive days (except for a child of a military parent stationed overseas or certain students temporarily abroad). Once an individual has been outside the U.S. for 30 consecutive days that individual is not eligible for SSI until he or she has been back in the U.S. for 30 consecutive days. (See SI 00501.410 and SI 02301.225.)
Does not give us permission to contact any financial institution to request any financial records that the financial institution may have about him or her.
An individual is ineligible to receive SSI benefits for any month during which he or she:
Has an unsatisfied warrant for his or her arrest for a crime that is a felony or, in jurisdictions that do not define crimes as felonies, is punishable by death or imprisonment for a term exceeding 1 year regardless of the actual sentence imposed under the laws of the place from which the warrant is issued. (See SI 00530.001B.)
Has an unsatisfied warrant for avoiding custody or confinement after conviction for a crime which is a felony or, in jurisdictions that do not define crimes as felonies, is punishable by death or imprisonment for a term exceeding 1 year regardless of the actual sentence imposed under the laws of the place from which the person flees; or (See SI 00530.001B)
Is violating a condition of probation or parole imposed under Federal or State law. (See SI 00530.001B.)