For the purpose of entitlement to child’s insurance benefits under Section 202(d)
of the Social Security Act (Act), a child may qualify as the child of the number holder
(NH) under criteria in section 216(e), 216(h)(2), or 216(h)(3) of Title II of the
Act. This section summarizes the categories of children under these sections of the
Act. Unless otherwise indicated, the term "child," for purposes of relationship, refers
childhood disability claimants age 18 or over; and
claimants who are full-time elementary or secondary students under age 19.
Except for a posthumously conceived child, develop the child’s relationship under
any category in the chart in GN 00306.002F that will facilitate entitlement. If you cannot entitle a child under one category,
check to see if there might be entitlement under another category. You may develop
the child's relationship under more than one category concurrently or consecutively,
e.g., development under State law and section 216(h)(3). Follow the line of development
that will permit payment as soon as possible. Then, pursue any earlier possible entitlement
date once the child is in pay.
For instructions for a posthumously conceived child, see GN 00306.014D.
Unless otherwise indicated in this subchapter, if an individual is a “child” for purposes
of the Act, the father or mother is a “parent” for purposes of the Act. For information
on parent’s benefits, see RS 00209.000.
IMPORTANT: Do not allow or disallow Title II benefits solely on instructions in this overview
section. To determine if a parent-child relationship exists, follow instructions in
GN 00306.001 through GN 00306.680.