TN 40 (02-14)

GN 00502.301 State and Territory Digest of Crimes Barring an Individual from Serving as Payee

A. Background of the state and territory digest of barred crimes

Using information provided by the Regional Chief Counsels, we have compiled a digest of State and United States territory criminal law terminology to assist with determining if an individual is barred from serving as a representative payee per the policy in GN 00502.133A.4.

B. Procedure for using the state and territory digest of barred crimes

The digest will assist you with determining if an individual is barred from serving as a representative payee based on the State or territory where the crime was committed. If you are unsure whether the crime is a barred crime (i.e., the crime can be a felony or a misdemeanor) or you need further information about verifying criminal history on payee applicants, see GN 00502.117B.3.

Per the policy in GN 00502.133A.4., in order for an individual to be barred from serving as a payee, the conviction must be a felony. Some States and territories charge a particular crime as either a felony or a misdemeanor depending on the circumstances. The digest clearly identifies specific crimes that can be a felony or a misdemeanor.

The numerical code after the name of the crime is the State or Territory criminal statute code; for example, Trafficking in persons: 53a-192a. You may see this code on the Criminal Report tab in PayeeWiz or on court documentation. If there is a code on the Criminal Report tab in PayeeWiz or on court documentation, verify that it is the same as the code in the digest. If there is no code on the Criminal Report tab in PayeeWiz or on court documentation, verify that the name of the crime is the same as that in the digest.

C. Digest of state and territory crimes barring an individual from serving as payee

Below is an alphabetical chart of each State and territory listed with links for quick access:

In the section below, we separated each State and territory by region. We listed regions by numerical order (i.e., Region I (Boston) followed by Region II (New York)) and placed States and territories by alphabetical order under the region heading.

1. Boston Region - Connecticut, Maine, Massachusetts, New Hampshire, Rhode Island and Vermont

a. Connecticut

Crimes in Connecticut are set out in the Connecticut General Statutes. The individual section numbers of the statutes are shown below:

  1. Human Trafficking:

    • Trafficking in persons: 53a-192a

    • Sale of children: 53-21

  2. False Imprisonment:

    Unlawful Restraint in the first degree: 53a-95:

  3. Kidnapping:

    • Kidnapping in the first degree: 53a-92

    • Kidnapping in the first degree with a firearm: 53a-70a

    • Kidnapping in the second degree: 53a-94

    • Kidnapping in the second degree with a firearm: 53a-94a

    • Substitution of children: 53a-99

  4. Rape:

    • Sexual assault in the first degree: 53a-70

    • Aggravated sexual assault in the first degree: 53a-70a

    • Sexual assault in spousal or cohabitating relationship: 53a-70b

    • Aggravated sexual assault of a minor: 53a-70c

    • Sexual assault in the second degree: 53a-71

  5. Sexual Assault:

    • Sexual assault in the third degree: 53a-72a

    • Sexual assault in the third degree with a firearm: 53a-72b

    • Sexual assault in the fourth degree: 53a-73a (felony only if the victim is under 16 years of age)

  6. First-Degree Homicide:

    • Murder: 53a-54a

    • Capital felony: 53a-54b

  7. Robbery:

    • Robbery in the first degree: 53a-134

    • Robbery in the second degree: 53a-135

    • Robbery in the third degree: 53a-136

  8. Fraud to Obtain Government Assistance:

    • Fraud in obtaining aid or food stamp or supplemental nutrition assistance program benefits or in receiving payment. Unlawful award of public assistance benefits: 17b-97

    • Health insurance fraud: 53-442

    • Vendor fraud in the first degree: 53a-291

    • Vendor fraud in the second degree: 53a-292

    • Vendor fraud in the third degree: 53a-293

  9. Fraud by Scheme:

    • Residential mortgage fraud: 53-379a

    • Unlawful use or possession of scanning device or reencoder: 53-388a (can be felony or misdemeanor)

    • Health insurance fraud: 53-442 (can be felony or misdemeanor)

    • Larceny in the first degree: 53a-122

    • Larceny in the second degree: 53a-123

    • Larceny in the third degree: 53a-124

    • Issuing a bad check: 53a-128 (can be a felony or a misdemeanor)

      NOTE: Most fraud provisions are included with the larceny statute.

  10. Theft of Government Funds/Property

    No stand-alone statute. See Fraud by Scheme.

  11. Abuse:

    • Cruelty to persons: 53-20(a)(1) and (b)(1)

    • Injury or risk of injury to, or impairing morals of children: 53-21

  12. Neglect:

    • Cruelty to persons: 53-20(a)(1) and (b)(1)

    • Abandonment of a child under the age of six years: 53-23

    • Leaving child unsupervised in place of public accommodation or motor vehicle: 53-21a(b) or (c) (only subsections (b) and (c) are felonies; subsection (a) is a misdemeanor)

  13. Forgery:

    • Forgery in the first degree: 53a-138

    • Forgery in the second degree: 53a-139

    • Criminal simulation: 53a-141

    • Unlawful removal or alteration of records: 53-153

  14. Identity Theft or Identity Fraud:

    • Identity theft in the first degree: 53a-129b

    • Identity theft in the second degree: 53a-129c

    • Identity theft in the third degree: 53a-129d

    • Trafficking in personal identifying information: 53a-129e

b. Maine

Crimes in Maine are set out in Title 17-A of the Maine Revised Statutes. The individual section numbers of the code are shown below.

NOTE: Maine classifies crimes by categories of seriousness A through E, with A being the most serious and E the least. Based on Regional Chief Counsel evaluation, we treat Maine’s classes A, B, and C as felonies and classes D and E as misdemeanors.

  1. Human Trafficking:

    No stand-alone statute.

  2. False Imprisonment:

    • Kidnapping: 301

    • Criminal restraint: 302

      (Depending on the circumstances, may be either a misdemeanor or a felony.)

    • Criminal restraint by parent: 303

      (Depending on the circumstances, may be either a misdemeanor or a felony.)

  3. Kidnapping:

    Kidnapping: 301

  4. Rape and Sexual Assault:

    • Gross sexual assault: 253

    • Sexual abuse of minors: 254

      (Depending on the circumstances, may be either a misdemeanor or a felony.)

    • Unlawful sexual contact: 255-A

      (Depending on the circumstances, may be either a misdemeanor or a felony.)

  5. First-Degree Homicide:

    Murder: 201

  6. Robbery:

    Robbery: 651

  7. Fraud to Obtain Government Assistance:

    No stand-alone statute.

    NOTE: These cases have been prosecuted under the statute for theft by deception, R.S. Title 17-A, § 354, which can be a felony or a misdemeanor.

  8. Fraud by Scheme:

    • Misuse of entrusted property: 903 (generally a misdemeanor, but can be a felony)

    • Home repair fraud: 908 (can be a felony or a misdemeanor)

    • Possession or transfer of automated sales suppression device: 909 (can be a felony or a misdemeanor)

  9. Theft of Government Funds/Property:

    No stand-alone statute.

    NOTE: The general theft statute is R.S. Title 17-A, § 353, which can be a felony or a misdemeanor.

  10. Abuse or Neglect:

    • Endangering the welfare of a child: 554

      (Depending on the circumstances, may be either a misdemeanor or a felony.)

    • Endangering the welfare of a dependent person: 555

      (Depending on the circumstances, may be either a misdemeanor or a felony.)

  11. Forgery:

    • Aggravated forgery: 702

    • Forgery: 703

      (Depending on the circumstances, may be either a misdemeanor or a felony.)

  12. Identity Theft or Identity Fraud:

    No stand-alone felony statute.

c. Massachusetts

Crimes in Massachusetts are set out in Title I of the Massachusetts General Laws. The individual chapter (c.) and section (§) numbers of the laws are shown below:

  1. Human Trafficking:

    Human trafficking: c. 265, § 50, §51, § 52

  2. False Imprisonment:

    • Kidnapping: c. 265,§ 26

    • Kidnapping of minor or incompetent by relative with risk of endangerment: c. 265, § 26A

    • Drugging persons for kidnapping: c. 265, § 26B

    • Stealing by confining: c. 265, § 21

    • Assault or confinement with intent to steal a motor vehicle: c. 265, § 21A

  3. Kidnapping:

    • Kidnapping: c. 265, § 26

    • Kidnapping of minor or incompetent by relative with risk of endangerment: c. 265, § 26A

    • Drugging persons for kidnapping: c. 265, § 26B

  4. Rape and Sexual Assault:

    • Rape: c. 265, § 22

    • Rape of child: c. 265, § 22A, § 22B, § 22C, § 23, § 23A, § 23B

    • Assault with intent to commit rape: c. 265, § 24

    • Assault of child with intent to commit rape: c. 265, § 24B

    • Indecent assault and battery on child: c. 265, § 13B, § 13B1/2, § 13B3/4

    • Indecent assault and battery on person with intellectual disability: c. 265,§ 13F

    • Indecent assault and battery on person fourteen years or older: c. 265, § 13H

  5. First-Degree Homicide:

    • First-degree murder: c. 265,§ 1, § 2

    • Attempted murder: c. 265, § 16

    • Armed assault with intent to rob or murder: c. 265, § 18

    • Assault with intent to commit murder: c. 265, § 15

    • Stealing by confining or putting in fear: c. 265, § 21

  6. Robbery:

    • Armed robbery: c. 265, § 17

    • Unarmed robbery: c. 265, § 19

    • Armed assault with intent to rob or murder: c. 265, § 18

    • Unarmed assault with intent to rob or steal: c. 265, § 20

    • Assault or confinement with intent to steal a motor vehicle: c. 265, § 21A

  7. Fraud to Obtain Government Assistance:

    No stand-alone felony statute.

  8. Fraud by Scheme:

    • Fraudulent use of credit cards to obtain money, goods or services: c. 266, § 37C

    • Insured property; burning with intent to defraud: c. 266, § 10

    • Signature; obtaining under false pretenses: c. 266, § 31

    • Fraudulent conversion of property by captain or vessel: c. 266, § 32 (can be a felony or a misdemeanor)

    • Larceny; false pretenses relating to contracts, banking transactions or credit: c. 266, § 33 (can be a felony or a misdemeanor)

    • Larceny; inducement to part with property: c. 266, § 34 (can be a felony or a misdemeanor)

    • False material statements or omissions during or in connection with mortgage lending process: c. 266, § 35A

    • Fraudulent checks, etc.; drawing or uttering: c. 266, § 37 (can be a felony or a misdemeanor)

    • Wills; destruction or concealment: c. 266, § 39

    • State treasury; fraud or embezzlement by employee: c. 266, § 50

    • City, town or county officers; fraud or embezzlement: c. 266, § 51

    • Bank officers and employees; fraud or embezzlement: c. 266, § 52

    • Stock; fraudulent issue or transfer: c. 266, § 66

    • Corporate books; false entries with intent to defraud: c. 266, § 67

    • Departments, agencies and public instrumentalities; false statements, etc. in procurement of supplies: c. 266, § 67A

    • Presentation of false claims: c. 266, § 67B

    • Capital facility construction projects, etc.; false entries in records: c. 266, § 67C

    • Obtaining goods under false pretenses: c. 266, § 73

    • Corporate credit; fraudulent use: c. 266, § 74

    • Obtaining property by trick: c. 266, § 75 (can be a felony or a misdemeanor)

    • Gross fraud or cheat at common law: c. 266, § 76

    • False invoice of cargo; intent to defraud insurer: c. 266, § 110

    • False affidavit or protest: c. 266, § 111

    • Insurance policies; penalty for fraudulent claims: c. 266, § 111A

    • Motor vehicle insurance policies; penalty for fraudulent claims: c. 266, § 111B

  9. Theft of Government Funds/Property:

    No stand-alone felony statute.

  10. Abuse or Neglect:

    • Assault and battery upon a child: c. 265, § 13J

    • Assault and battery upon an elderly or disabled person: c. 265, § 13K

    • Assault and battery on a family or household member: c. 265, § 13M

  11. Forgery:

    • False or forged records, certificates, returns, attestations and other writings: c. 267, § 1

    • Railroad or admission tickets, passes or badges: c. 267, § 2

    • Seal of land court; stamping documents without authority: c. 267, § 3

    • Railroad company stamp; forging or using without authority: c. 267, § 4

    • False or forged note, certificate or other bill of credit issued for debt of commonwealth: c. 267, § 7

    • False, forged or counterfeited bank bill, note or traveler’s check: c. 267, § 8

    • Counterfeiting coin: c. 267, § 17

    • Connecting parts of instruments: c. 267, § 24

  12. Identity Theft or Identity Fraud:

    No stand-alone felony statute.

d. New Hampshire

Crimes in New Hampshire are set out in the New Hampshire Revised Statutes. The individual section numbers of the law are shown below:

  1. Human Trafficking:

    Trafficking in persons: 633:7

  2. False Imprisonment:

    Criminal restraint: 633:2

  3. Kidnapping:

    Kidnapping: 633:1

  4. Rape:

    Aggravated felonious sexual assault: 632-A:2

  5. Sexual Assault:

    Felonious sexual assault: 632-A:3

  6. First-Degree Homicide:

    First-degree murder: 630:1-a

  7. Robbery:

    Robbery: 636:1

  8. Fraud to Obtain Government Assistance:

    • Fraud on the women, infants, and children (WIC) program: 638:15.I (a felony only if the value of the property exceeds $500)

    • Prohibited acts under the public assistant to blind, aged, or disabled persons, and to dependent children program: 167:17-b and -c (a felony only if the value of the goods/services exceeds $100)

    • Medicaid fraud and false claims: 167:61-a

  9. Fraud by Scheme:

    • Issuing bad checks: 638:4 (can be a felony or a misdemeanor)

    • Fraudulent use of credit card: 638:5 (can be a felony or a misdemeanor)

    • Fraudulent communications paraphernalia: 638:5-a (can be a felony or a misdemeanor)

    • Dealing in counterfeit recordings: 638:6-a (can be a felony or a misdemeanor)

    • Dealing in counterfeit goods: 638:6-b (can be a felony or a misdemeanor)

    • Commercial bribery: 638:7 (can be a felony or a misdemeanor)

    • Sports bribery: 638:8

    • Insurance fraud: 638:20 (can be a felony or a misdemeanor)

    • Criminal acts involving cloned phones and telephone cloning paraphernalia; possession or use: 638:22 (can be a felony or a misdemeanor)

    • Criminal acts involving cloned phones and telephone cloning paraphernalia; traffic and manufacture: 638:23

    • Use of scanning device or reencoder to defraud prohibited: 638:29 (can be a felony or a misdemeanor)

  10. Theft of Government Funds/Property:

    No stand-alone statute.

  11. Abuse:

    • Knowingly or recklessly causing harm to a child under the age of 13: 631:1

    • Endangering welfare of child or incompetent: 639:3.III (a felony only where the offense involves solicitation of a child under 16 years of age to engage in sexual activity for the purpose of child pornography or sexual penetration)

  12. Neglect:

    Criminal neglect of elderly, disabled, or impaired adults: 631:8

  13. Forgery:

    • Forgery: 638:1.III (a felony only if it involves a security, revenue stamp, or other instrument issued by a government, or a check, an issue of stocks, bonds, or any other instrument representing an interest in or a claim against property, or a pecuniary interest in or claim against any person or enterprise)

    • Fraudulent handling of recordable writings: 638:2

  14. Identity Theft or Identity Fraud:

    Identity fraud: 638:26

e. Rhode Island

Crimes in Rhode Island are set out in the Rhode Island General Laws. The individual section numbers of the law are shown below:

  1. Human Trafficking:

    • Trafficking of persons for forced labor or commercial sexual activity: 11-67-3

    • Sex trafficking of a minor: 11-67-6

  2. False Imprisonment:

    • Kidnapping: 11-26-1

    • Kidnapping of a minor: 11-26-1.4

    • Kidnapping with extent to extort: 11-26-2

  3. Kidnapping:

    • Kidnapping: 11-26-1

    • Kidnapping of a minor: 11-26-1.4

    • Kidnapping with extent to extort: 11-26-2

  4. Rape:

    • First-degree sexual assault: 11-37-2

    • First-degree child molestation sexual assault: 11-37-8.1

  5. Sexual Assault:

    • Second-degree sexual assault: 11-37-4

    • Third-degree sexual assault: 11-37-6

    • Second-degree child molestation sexual assault: 11-37-8.3

  6. First-Degree Homicide:

    Murder (in the first degree): 11-23-1

  7. Robbery:

    Robbery: 11-39-1 through 11-39-2

  8. Fraud to Obtain Government Assistance:

    • False statement to obtain replacement public assistance check or authorization: 11-18-1.2 (felony if the total value of the checks exceeds $500)

    • Forgery - Public assistance check or authorization: 11-17-1.1(a)

    • Fraudulently obtaining assistance: 40-6-15 (felony if the amount of assistance exceeds $500)

    • Fraudulent use of food stamps: 40-6-16 (felony of the value of the food stamps exceeds $500)

    • Medical assistance fraud: 40-8.2-3 (subsections (a)(14), (a)(16), and (a)(18) are misdemeanors)

  9. Fraud by Scheme:

    • Fraudulent insurance claims for stolen motor vehicles: 11-18-1.1

    • Obtaining property by false pretenses or personation: 11-41-4

    • Fraudulent conversion by agent or factor: 11-41-12

    • Obtaining signature by false pretenses: 11-41-13

  10. Theft of Government Funds/Property:

    No stand-alone statute.

  11. Abuse:

    • Cruelty to or neglect of child: 11-9-5

    • Child abuse - Brendan's Law: 11-9-5.3

  12. Neglect:

    Cruelty to or neglect of child: 11-9-5

  13. Forgery:

    • Forgery and counterfeiting in general: 11-17-1

    • Forgery—Public assistance check or authorization: 11-17-1.1 (can be a felony or a misdemeanor)

    • Forgery, counterfeiting, or alteration of state debt certificate or bank bill or note: 11-17-2

    • Passing of counterfeit certificates, bills, or notes: 11-17-3

    • Importation or possession of counterfeit certificate, bill, or note: 11-17-4

    • Manufacture, repair, or possession of counterfeiting devices: 11-17-5

    • Forgery or counterfeiting of coins: 11-17-7

    • Passing of counterfeit coins: 11-17-8

    • Importation or possession of counterfeit coin with intent to pass: 11-17-9

    • Manufacture, repair, or possession of device for counterfeit of coins: 11-17-10

    • Forgery, counterfeiting, or alteration of trademark, service mark, or identification mark: 11-17-13 (can be a felony or a misdemeanor)

  14. Identity Theft or Identity Fraud:

    Identity fraud: 11-49.1-3

f. Vermont

Crimes in Vermont are set out in the Vermont Statutes. The individual title (t.) and section numbers (§) of the law are shown below:

  1. Human Trafficking:

    • Human trafficking: t. 13, § 2652

    • Aggravated human trafficking: t. 13, § 2653

  2. False Imprisonment:

    • Unlawful restraint in the second degree: t. 13, § 2406

    • Unlawful restraint in the first degree: t. 13, § 2407

  3. Kidnapping:

    Kidnapping: t. 13, § 2405

  4. Rape and Sexual Assault:

    • Sexual assault: t. 13, § 3252

    • Aggravated sexual assault: t. 13,§ 3253

    • Aggravated sexual assault of a child: t. 13, § 3253a

    • Sexual exploitation of a minor: t. 13, § 3258

      (Depending on the circumstances, may be either a misdemeanor or a felony.)

  5. First-Degree Homicide:

    • Murder: t. 13, § 2301; t. 13, § 2303

    • Aggravated murder: t. 13, § 2311

    • Conspiracy to commit first-degree murder: t. 13, § 1404

  6. Robbery:

    Assault and robbery: t. 13, § 608

  7. Fraud to Obtain Government Assistance:

    Fraud: t. 33, § 141

    (Depending on the circumstances, may be either a misdemeanor or a felony.)

  8. Fraud by Scheme:

    • False personation: t. 13, § 2001

    • False pretenses or tokens: t. 13, § 2002 (can be a felony or a misdemeanor)

    • Signing or issuing false certificates of stock: t. 13, § 2016

    • Telecommunications fraud and facilitation of telecommunications fraud: t. 13, § 2021 (can be a felony or a misdemeanor)

    • Workers’ compensation fraud: t. 13, § 2024 (can be a felony or a misdemeanor)

    • Fraudulent violations of joint fiduciary accounts: t. 13, § 2028 (can be a felony or a misdemeanor)

    • Home improvement fraud: t. 13, § 2029 (can be a felony or a misdemeanor)

    • Insurance fraud: t. 13, § 2031

    • Issue of bill of lading for goods not received: t. 13, § 2051

    • Issue of duplicate bills of lading not so marked: t. 13, § 2053

    • Negotiation of bill of lading when goods are not in carrier’s possession: t. 13, § 2055

    • Inducing carrier to issue bill of lading when goods have not been received: t. 13, § 2056

    • Issue of nonnegotiable bill of lading not so marked: t. 13, § 2057

    • Issue of warehouse receipt for goods not received: t. 13, § 2061

    • Issue of duplicate warehouse receipts not so marked: t. 13, § 2063

  9. Theft of Government Funds/Property:

    No stand-alone statute.

  10. Abuse or Neglect:

    • Abuse/aggravated assault of vulnerable adult: t. 13, § 1376(c)

    • Abuse by unlawful restraint and unlawful confinement: t. 13, § 1377

      (Depending on the circumstances, may be either a misdemeanor or a felony.)

    • Neglect: t. 13, § 1378

      (Depending on the circumstances, may be either a misdemeanor or a felony.)

    • Sexual abuse: t. 13, § 1379(b)

  11. Forgery:

    • Forgery and counterfeiting of papers, documents, etc.: t. 13, § 1801

    • Counterfeiting paper money: t. 13, § 1804

    • Counterfeiting scrip: t. 13, § 1805

    • Affixing false signature to obligation of corporation: t. 13, § 1806

    • Joining parts of several bills or instruments: t. 13, § 1808

    • Counterfeiting coin: t. 13, § 1809

  12. Identity Theft or Identity Fraud:

    Identity theft: t. 13, § 2030

2. New York Region - New Jersey, New York and the territories of Puerto Rico and U.S. Virgin Islands

a. New Jersey

Crimes in New Jersey are set out in the New Jersey Statute. The individual section numbers of the code are shown below:

  1. Human Trafficking:

    Human trafficking: 2C:13-8

  2. False Imprisonment:

    Criminal restraint: 2C:13-2

  3. Kidnapping:

    Kidnapping: 2C:13-1

  4. Rape and Sexual Assault:

    • Sexual assault: 2C:14-2

    • Criminal sexual contact: 2C:14-3

  5. First-Degree Homicide:

    • Criminal homicide: 2C:11-2

    • Murder: 2C:11-3

  6. Robbery:

    • Robbery: 2C:15-1

    • Carjacking: 2C:15-2

    • Theft by extortion: 2C:20-5

  7. Fraud to Obtain Government Assistance:

    Prohibited transactions involving food stamp coupons or ATP card of $150 or more: 2C:20-36

  8. Fraud by Scheme:

    • Criminal simulation: 2C:21-2

    • Health care claims fraud: 2C:21-4.3

    • Insurance fraud: 2C:21-4.6

    • Penalties for vehicle title fraud: 2C:21-4.8

    • Bad checks: 2C:21-5

    • Credit cards: 2C:21-6

      False statements made in procuring issuance of credit card

      Credit card theft

      Intent of cardholder to defraud; penalties; knowledge of revocation

      Intent to defraud by person authorized to furnish money, goods, or services; penalties

      Incomplete credit cards; intent to complete without consent

      Receiving anything of value knowing or believing that it was obtained in violation of subsection (d.): 2C:21-6.

      Fraudulent use of credit cards

      Payment cards; fraudulent use of scanning and other electronic devices: definitions: 2C:21-6.1

    • Deceptive business practices: 2C:21-7

    • Misconduct by corporate official: 2C:21-9

    • Rigging publicly exhibited contest: 2C:21-11

    • Defrauding secured creditors: 21-12

    • Fraud in insolvency: 2C:21-13

    • Securing execution of documents by deception: 2C:21-16

    • Unauthorized practice of medicine and surgery or podiatric medicine: 2C:21-20

    • Unauthorized practice of acupuncture: 2C:21-20.1

    • Unauthorized practice of law: 2C:21-22

    • Money laundering and illegal investment; crime: 2C:21-25

    • Practice of dentistry without a license: 2C:21-30

    • Unauthorized practice of immigration law; degree of offense: 2C:21-31

    • Trademark counterfeiting: 2C:21-32

    • Electrical contracting without business permit: 2C:21-33

    • False claim for payment of government contract: 2C:21-34

    • Sale or transfer of a public utility employee identification badge; criminal penalties for fraudulently or falsely exhibiting, displaying or uttering badge documents: 2C:21-35

  9. Theft of Government Funds/Property:

    No stand-alone statute.

  10. Abuse and Neglect:

    • Failure to report the disappearance of a child: 2C:12-1.3

    • Recklessly endangering another person: 2C:12-2

    • Endangering welfare of children: 2C:24-4

    • Endangering the welfare of elderly or disabled: 2C:24-8

  11. Forgery:

    • Forgery and related offenses: 2C:21-1

    • Driver’s license, birth certificate or other document issued by governmental agency to verify age or identity; simulation: 2C:21-2.1

    • Motor vehicle insurance identification card; production or sale: 2C:21-2.3

    • Frauds relating to public records and recordable instruments: 2C:21-3

    • Falsifying or tampering with records: 2C:21-4

    • Purposeful destruction, alteration or falsification of record relating to care of medical or surgical or podiatric patient in order to deceive or mislead: 2C:21-4.1

    • Sale or transfer of a public utility employee identification badge; criminal penalties for fraudulently or falsely exhibiting, displaying or uttering badge documents: 2C:21-35

  12. Identity Theft or Identity Fraud:

    • Impersonation; theft of identity: 2C:21-17

    • False driver’s license, birth certificate or document issued by government agency; use of personal identifying information of another: 2C:21-17.2

    • Fraudulent use, distribution, manufacture, possession of items containing personal identifying information of another: 2C:21-17.3

b. New York

Crimes in New York are set out in the New York Penal Law. The individual section numbers of the law are shown below:

  1. Human Trafficking:

    • Sex trafficking: 230.34

    • Labor trafficking: 135.35

  2. False Imprisonment:

    Unlawful imprisonment in the first degree: 135.10

  3. Kidnapping:

    • Kidnapping in the first degree: 135.25

    • Kidnapping in the second degree: 135.20

  4. Rape and Sexual Assault:

    • Rape in the first degree: 130.35

    • Rape in the second degree: 130.30

    • Rape in the third degree: 130.25

    • Criminal sexual act in the first degree: 130.50

    • Criminal sexual act in the second degree: 130.45

    • Criminal sexual act in the third degree: 130.40

    • Persistent sexual abuse: 130.53

    • Sexual abuse in the first degree: 130.65

    • Aggravated sexual abuse in the first degree: 130.70

    • Aggravated sexual abuse in the second degree: 130.67

    • Aggravated sexual abuse in the third degree: 130.66

    • Aggravated sexual abuse in the fourth degree: 130.65-a

    • Course of sexual conduct against a child in the first degree: 130.75

    • Course of sexual conduct against a child in the second degree: 130.80

    • Predatory sexual assault: 130.95

    • Predatory sexual assault against a child: 130.96

    • Female genital mutilation: 130.85

  5. First-Degree Homicide:

    Murder in the first degree: 125.27

  6. Robbery:

    • Robbery in the first degree: 160.15

    • Robbery in the second degree: 160.10

    • Robbery in the third degree: 160.05

    • Grand larceny in the second degree: 155.40

  7. Fraud to Obtain Government Assistance:

    • Welfare fraud in the first degree: 158.25

    • Welfare fraud in the second degree: 158.20

    • Welfare fraud in the third degree: 158.15

    • Welfare fraud in the fourth degree: 158.10

  8. Fraud by Scheme:

    • Insurance fraud in the first degree: 176.30

    • Insurance fraud in the second degree: 176.25

    • Insurance fraud in the third degree: 176.20

    • Insurance fraud in the fourth degree: 176.15

    • Aggravated insurance fraud: 176.35

    • Life settlement fraud in the first degree: 176.65

    • Life settlement fraud in the second degree: 176.60

    • Life settlement fraud in the third degree: 176.55

    • Life settlement fraud in the fourth degree: 176.50

    • Aggravated life settlement fraud: 176.70

    • Health care fraud in the first degree: 177.25

    • Health care fraud in the second degree: 177.20

    • Health care fraud in the third degree: 177.15

    • Health care fraud in the fourth degree: 177.10

    • Residential mortgage fraud in the first degree: 187.25

    • Residential mortgage fraud in the second degree: 187.20

    • Residential mortgage fraud in the third degree: 187.15

    • Residential mortgage fraud in the fourth degree: 187.10

    • Criminal impersonation in the first degree: 190.26

    • Unlawfully concealing a will: 190.30

    • Scheme to defraud in the first degree: 190.65

    • Criminal use of an access device in the first degree: 190.76

    • Defrauding the government: 195.20

  9. Theft of Government Funds/Property:

    • Criminal use of a public benefit card in the first degree: 158.35

    • Criminal possession of public benefit cards in the first degree: 158.50

    • Criminal possession of public benefit cards in the second degree: 158.45

    • Criminal possession of public benefit cards in the third degree: 158.40

  10. Abuse and Neglect:

    • Abandonment of a child 260.00

    • Nonsupport of a child in the first degree: 260.06

    • Endangering the welfare of an incompetent or physically disabled person in the first degree: 260.25

    • Endangering the welfare of a vulnerable elderly person, or an incompetent or physically disabled person in the second degree: 260.32

    • Endangering the welfare of a vulnerable elderly person, or an incompetent or physically disabled person in the first degree: 260.34

  11. Forgery:

    • Forgery in the first degree: 170.15

    • Forgery in the second degree: 170.10

    • Criminal possession of a forged instrument in the first degree: 170.30

    • Criminal possession of a forged instrument in the second degree: 170.20

    • Criminal possession of forgery devices: 170.40

    • Unlawfully using slugs in the first degree: 170.60

    • Forgery of a vehicle identification number: 170.65

    • Illegal possession of a vehicle identification number: 170.70

    • Falsifying business records in the first degree: 175.10

    • Tampering with public records in the first degree: 175.25

    • Offering a false instrument for filing in the first degree: 175.35

    • Issuing a false certificate: 175.40

  12. Identity Theft or Identity Fraud:

    • Identity theft in the first degree: 190.80

    • Identity theft in the second degree: 190.79

    • Aggravated identity theft: 190.80-a

c. Puerto Rico

Crimes in Puerto Rico are set out in Title 33 of the Laws of Puerto Rico Annotated. The individual section numbers of the law are shown below:

  1. Human Trafficking:

    • Proxenetism, pandering, and human trafficking: 4780

    • Aggravated proxenetism, pandering, and human trafficking: 4781

    • Slavery: 4794

  2. False Imprisonment:

    • Aggravated restriction of freedom: 4796

    • Delay in the interrogation of the arrested person: 4799

    • Non-compliance with writ of habeas corpus: 4800

    • Evasion of writ of habeas corpus: 4801

    • New arrest or imprisonment of a released person: 4802

    • Undue extension of the penalty: 4803

  3. Kidnapping:

    • Kidnapping: 4797

    • Aggravated kidnapping: 4798

    • Kidnapping of minors: 4762

    • Illegal deprivation of custody: 4763

  4. Rape and Sexual Assault:

    • Sexual assault: 4770

    • Lewd acts: 4722

  5. First-Degree Homicide:

    First-degree murder: 4734(a), 4734(b), 4734(c)

  6. Robbery:

    • Robbery: 4826

    • Aggravated robbery: 4827

    • Extortion: 4828

  7. Fraud to Obtain Government Assistance:

    No stand-alone statute.

  8. Fraud by Scheme:

    • Fraud: 4838

    • Filing of forged documents or information: 4851

    • Use or interference with communications equipment or system: 4825

    • Computer fraud: 4839

    • Construction works fraud: 4840

    • Ideological falsehood: 4847

    • Filing of forged documents or information: 4851

    • Possession and transfer of forged documents: 4852

    • Forgery in the practice of professions or trades: 4855

    • Money laundering: 4856

    • Closed or non-existent account and undue stop payment: 4858

    • False certifications: 4889

    • Submitting forged writing: 4921

  9. Theft of Government Funds/Property:

    • Unlawful benefit from public office: 4883

    • Retaining property: 4887

    • Embezzlement of public funds: 4895

  10. Abuse and Neglect:

    • Abandonment of minors: 4760

    • Abandonment of elderly and persons with disabilities: 4767

    • Use of a minor for child pornography: 4787

  11. Forgery:

    • Alteration and use of personal information in files: 4811

    • Forgery of documents: 4846

    • Falsification of entries in registers: 4848

    • Forgery of seals: 4849

    • Forgery of license, certificate or any other documentation: 4850

    • Alteration of information that identifies musical, scientific or literary works: 4854

    • Alteration or mutilation of property: 4888

    • Drafting of forged writings: 4920

  12. Identity Theft or Identity Fraud:

    • Alteration and use of personal information in files: 4811

    • Disclosure of communications and personal information: 4812

    • Identity theft: 4844

d. U.S. Virgin Islands

Crimes in the U.S. Virgin Islands are set out in Title 14 of the Virgin Islands Code Annotated. The individual section numbers of the law are shown below:

  1. Human Trafficking:

    Trafficking of persons; prosecution: 134

  2. False Imprisonment:

    False imprisonment and kidnapping: 1051

  3. Kidnapping:

    • False imprisonment and kidnapping: 1051

    • Kidnapping for ransom, extortion, robbery or rape: 1052

  4. Rape and Sexual Assault:

    • Aggravated rape in the first degree: 1700

    • Aggravated rape in the second degree: 1700a

    • Rape in the first degree: 1701

    • Rape in the second degree: 1702

    • Rape in the third degree: 1703

    • Unlawful sexual contact in the first degree: 1708

  5. First-Degree Homicide:

    First-degree murder: 922(a)

  6. Robbery:

    • Extortion: 701

    • Robbery in the first degree: 1862

    • Robbery in the second degree: 1863

    • Robbery in the third degree: 1864

  7. Fraud to Obtain Government Assistance:

    Fraudulent claims upon the government: 843

  8. Fraud by Scheme:

    • Acting in assumed character: 742

    • Sending or delivering false messages: 794

    • Obtaining money by false pretense: 834

    • Drawing and delivering worthless checks: 835

    • Production of fraudulent heir: 836

    • Misrepresentation of competency by a married person: 838

    • Defrauding pledgees: 840

    • Fraudulent burning of insured property: 841

    • Fraudulent insurance claims: 842

    • Issue of receipt for goods not received: 847

    • Issue of duplicate receipts not so marked: 849

    • Wrongful use of trademarks: 2172

    • Altering livestock brands: 2191

    • Fraudulent use of credit card: 3004 (can be a felony or a misdemeanor)

    • Fraud by person authorized to provide goods or services: 3005

    • Theft-obtaining credit card through fraudulent means: 30039

  9. Theft of Government Funds/Property:

    • Conversion of government property: 895

    • Embezzlement by public and private officers: 1089

    • Embezzlement by carriers: 1090

    • Embezzlement or falsification of public accounts: 14,1662

  10. Abuse and Neglect:

    • Knowledge of sexual abuse of a minor: 486

    • Visual medium depicting sexually explicit conduct: 488

    • Child neglect: 504

    • Child abuse: 505

    • Aggravated child abuse and neglect: 506

    • Reckless endangerment: 625

  11. Forgery:

    • Forgery: 791

    • Filing or recording forged instruments: 795

    • Making and passing fictitious bills and notes: 793

    • Removed, falsified or unauthorized identification numbers, registration or licenses on vehicles or engine: 1386

    • False certificates by public officers: 1664

    • Mutilation and destruction of records by public officers: 1782

    • Mutilation and destruction of records by persons other than public officers: 1783

  12. Identity Theft or Identity Fraud:

    • Identity theft: 2202

    • Aggravated identity theft: 2203

3. Philadelphia Region - Delaware, District of Columbia, Maryland, Pennsylvania, Virginia, and West Virginia

a. Delaware

Crimes in Delaware are set out in Title 11 of the Delaware Code. The individual section numbers of the code are shown below:

  1. Human Trafficking:

    Trafficking of persons and involuntary servitude: 787

  2. False Imprisonment:

    Unlawful imprisonment in first degree: 782

  3. Kidnapping:

    • Kidnapping in first degree: 783A

    • Kidnapping in second degree: 783

  4. Rape and Sexual Assault:

    • Rape in first degree: 773

    • Rape in second degree: 772

    • Rape in third degree: 771

    • Rape in fourth degree: 770

    • Unlawful sexual contact in first degree: 769

    • Unlawful sexual contact in second degree: 768

    • Sex offender unlawful sexual contact against a child: 777A

    • Continuous sexual abuse of a child: 776

    • Sexual abuse of a child by a person in a position of trust, authority, or supervision in the first degree: 778

    • Sexual abuse of a child by a person of trust, authority, or supervision in the second degree: 778A

  5. First-Degree Homicide:

    Murder in the first degree: 636

  6. Robbery:

    • Robbery in the first degree: 832

    • Robbery in the second degree: 831

  7. Fraud to Obtain Government Assistance:

    No stand-alone statute.

  8. Fraud by Scheme:

    • Theft, false pretense: 843 (can be a felony or a misdemeanor)

    • Theft, false promise: 844

      (Depending on the circumstances, may be either a misdemeanor or a felony.)

    • Tampering with public records in the first degree: 876

    • Issuing a false certificate: 878

    • Issuing a bad check: 900 (can be a felony or a misdemeanor)

    • Unlawful use of credit card: 903 (can be a felony or a misdemeanor)

    • Reencoder and scanning devices: 903A

    • Unlawfully concealing a will: 908

    • Fraudulent conveyance of public lands: 912

    • Insurance fraud: 913

    • Health care fraud: 913A

    • New home construction fraud: 917 (can be a felony or a misdemeanor)

  9. Theft of Government Funds/Property:

    No stand-alone statute.

  10. Abuse and Neglect:

    • Crime against a vulnerable adult: 1105

      (Depending on the circumstances, may be either a misdemeanor or a felony.)

    • Assault by abuse or neglect: 615

    • Murder by abuse or neglect in the first degree: 634

    • Murder by abuse or neglect in the second degree: 633

  11. Forgery:

    • Forgery: 861

    • Forgery in the first degree

    • Forgery in the second degree

  12. Identity Theft or Identity Fraud:

    • Identity theft: 854

    • Criminal impersonation of a police officer, firefighter, EMT, paramedic, or fire police: 907B

    • Criminal impersonation, accident related: 907A

b. District of Columbia

Crimes in the District of Columbia are set out in the District of Columbia Code. The individual section numbers of the code are shown below:

  1. Human Trafficking:

    • Forced labor: 22-1832

    • Trafficking in labor or commercial sex acts: 22-1833

    • Sex trafficking of children: 22-1834

    • Unlawful conduct with respect to documents in furtherance of human trafficking: 22-1835

    • Benefitting financially from human trafficking: 22-1836

  2. False Imprisonment:

    No stand-alone statute.

  3. Kidnapping:

    Kidnapping: 22-2001

  4. Rape:

    No stand-alone statute.

  5. Sexual Assault:

    • First-degree sexual abuse: 22-3002

    • Second-degree sexual abuse: 22-3003

    • Third-degree sexual abuse: 22-3004

    • Fourth-degree sexual abuse: 22-3005

    • First-degree child sexual abuse: 22-3008

    • Second-degree child sexual abuse: 22-3009

    • First-degree sexual abuse of a minor: 22-3009.01

    • Second-degree sexual abuse of a minor: 22-3009.02

    • First-degree sexual abuse of a secondary education student: 22-3009.03

    • Second-degree sexual abuse of a secondary education student: 22-3009.04

    • Enticing a child: 22-3010

    • Arranging for a sexual contact with a real or fictitious child: 22-3010.02

    • First-degree sexual abuse of a ward: 22-3013

    • Second-degree sexual abuse of a ward: 22-3014

    • First-degree sexual abuse of a patient or client: 22-3015

    • Second-degree sexual abuse of a patient or client: 22-3016

    • Attempts to commit sexual offenses: 22-3018

  6. First-Degree Homicide:

    • Murder in the first degree — Purposeful killing; killing while perpetrating certain crimes: 22-2101

    • Murder in the first degree — Placing obstructions upon or displacement of railroad: 22-2102

    • Murder of law enforcement officer: 22-2106

  7. Robbery:

    • Robbery: 22-2801

    • Attempt to commit robbery: 22-2802

    • Carjacking: 22-2803

  8. Fraud to Obtain Government Assistance:

    No stand-alone statute.

  9. Fraud by Scheme:

    • Fraud in the first degree: 22-3221(a)

      (Depending on the circumstances, may be either a misdemeanor or a felony.)

    • Fraud in the second degree: 22-3221(b)

      (Depending on the circumstances, may be either a misdemeanor or a felony.)

    • Credit card fraud: 22-3223 (can be a felony or a misdemeanor)

    • Insurance fraud in the first degree: 22-3225.02

    • Insurance fraud in the second degree: 22-3225.03

    • Unlawful acts and practices: 22-3226.06 (telephone solicitation fraud)

      (Depending on the circumstances, may be either a misdemeanor or a felony.)

  10. Theft of Government Funds/Property:

    No stand-alone statute

  11. Abuse and Neglect:

    • Criminal abuse of a vulnerable adult: 22-933

      (Depending on the circumstances, may be either a misdemeanor or a felony.)

    • Cruelty to Children: 22-1101

    • Criminal Negligence: 22-934

      (Depending on the circumstances, may be either a misdemeanor or a felony.)

  12. Forgery:

    Forgery: 22-3241

  13. Identity Theft or Identity Fraud:

    Identity theft: 22-3227.02

    (Depending on the circumstances, may be either a misdemeanor or a felony.)

c. Maryland

Crimes in Maryland are set out in the Maryland Criminal Code. The individual section numbers of the criminal code are shown below:

  1. Human Trafficking:

    Pandering: 11-303

  2. False Imprisonment:

    No stand-alone statute. See Kidnapping

  3. Kidnapping:

    • Kidnapping: 3-502

    • Child Kidnapping: 3-503

  4. Rape and Sexual Assault:

    • Rape in the first degree: 3-303

    • Rape in the second degree: 3-304

    • Attempted rape in the first degree: 3-309

    • Attempted rape in the second degree: 3-310

    • Sexual offenses in the first degree: 3-305

    • Sexual offenses in the second degree: 3-306

    • Sexual offenses in the third degree: 3-307

    • Attempted sexual offense in the first degree: 3-311

    • Attempted sexual offense in the second degree: 3-312

  5. First-Degree Homicide:

    Murder in the first degree: 2-201

  6. Robbery:

    • Robbery: 3-402

    • Robbery with dangerous weapon: 3-403

    • Carjacking: 3-405

  7. Fraud to Obtain Access to Government Assistance:

    No stand-alone statute.

  8. Fraud by Scheme:

    • Counterfeiting of orders for money or goods: 8-609

    • Financial crimes against vulnerable adults: 8-801

      (Depending on the circumstances, may be either a misdemeanor or a felony.)

  9. Theft of Government Funds/Property:

    No stand-alone statute.

  10. Abuse and Neglect:

    • Child abuse: 3-601

    • Abuse or neglect of vulnerable adults: 3-604

  11. Forgery:

    • Counterfeiting of private instruments and documents: 8-601(a)

    • Issuing counterfeit private instruments and documents: 8-602

    • Manufacturing counterfeit United States currency: 8-604

    • Counterfeiting of public documents: 8-605

    • Counterfeiting of orders for money or goods: 8-609

    • Trademark counterfeiting: 8-611

      (Depending on the circumstances, may be either a misdemeanor or a felony.)

  12. Identity Theft or Identity Fraud:

    Identity fraud: 8-301

    (Depending on the circumstances, may be either a misdemeanor or a felony.)

d. Pennsylvania:

Crimes in Pennsylvania are set out in Title 18 of the Pennsylvania Code. The individual section numbers of the code are shown below:

  1. Human Trafficking:

    Trafficking of persons: 3002

  2. False Imprisonment:

    False imprisonment: 2903(b), (c)

  3. Kidnapping:

    • Kidnapping: 2901

    • Unlawful restraint: 2902(b), (c)

    • Interference with custody of children: 2904

    • Concealment of whereabouts of a child: 2909

  4. Rape and Sexual Assault:

    • Rape: 3121

    • Statutory sexual assault: 3122.1

    • Involuntary deviate sexual intercourse: 3123

    • Sexual assault: 3124.1

    • Institutional sexual assault: 3124.2

    • Aggravated indecent assault: 3125

  5. First-Degree Homicide:

    First-degree murder: 2502(a)

  6. Robbery:

    Robbery: 3701

  7. Fraud to Obtain Access to Government Assistance:

    No stand-alone statute. See Fraud by Scheme.

  8. Fraud By Scheme:

    • Theft by deception: 3922

      (Depending on the circumstances, may be either a misdemeanor or a felony.)

    • Access device fraud: 4106

      (Depending on the circumstances, may be either a misdemeanor or a felony.)

    • Unlawful device-making equipment: 4106.1(a)(1)

    • Deceptive or fraudulent business practices: 4107

      (Depending on the circumstances, may be either a misdemeanor or a felony.)

  9. Theft of Government Funds/Property:

    No stand-alone statute.

  10. Abuse and Neglect:

    Sexual abuse of children: 6312

  11. Forgery:

    Forgery: 4101

    (Depending on the circumstances, may be either a misdemeanor or a felony.)

  12. Identity Theft or Identity Fraud:

    Identity theft: 4120

    (Depending on the circumstances, may be either a misdemeanor or a felony.)

e. Virginia

Crimes in Virginia are set out in Title 18 of the Virginia Code. The individual section numbers of the code are shown below:

  1. Human Trafficking:

    No stand-alone statute.

  2. False Imprisonment:

    No stand-alone statute.

  3. Kidnapping:

    • Abduction and kidnapping: 18.2-47

    • Abduction with intent to extort money or for immoral purpose: 18.2-48

    • Abduction by prisoners: 18.2-48.1

    • Threatening, attempting or assisting in such abduction: 18.2-49

  4. Rape and Sexual Assault:

    • Rape: 18.2-61

    • Carnal knowledge of child between thirteen and 15 years of age: 18.2-63

      (Depending on the circumstances, may be either a misdemeanor or a felony.)

    • Carnal knowledge of certain minors: 18.2-64.1

      (Depending on the circumstances, may be either a misdemeanor or a felony.)

    • Carnal knowledge of an inmate, parolee, probationer, detainee or pretrial or post-trial offender: 18.2-64.2

    • Forcible sodomy: 18.2-67.1

    • Object sexual penetration: 18.2-67.2

    • Aggravated sexual battery: 18.2-67.3

    • Attempted rape, forcible sodomy, object sexual penetration, aggravated sexual battery, and sexual battery: 18.2-67.5 (attempted sexual battery is a misdemeanor)

  5. First-Degree Homicide:

    • Capital murder: 18.2-31

    • First-degree murder: 18.2-32

    • Killing of a fetus: 18.2-32.2

    • Attempts to commit capital offenses: 18.2-25

  6. Robbery:

    • Robbery: 18.2-58

    • Carjacking: 18.2-58.1

  7. Fraud to Obtain Government Assistance:

    Statute is a misdemeanor.

  8. Fraud by Scheme:

    • Obtaining money or signature, etc., by false pretense: 18.2-178

    • Financial exploitation of mentally incapacitated persons: 18.2-178.1 (can be a felony or a misdemeanor)

    • Issuing bad checks, etc., larceny: 18.2-181 (can be a felony or a misdemeanor)

    • Issuance of bad checks: 18.2-181.1

    • Issuing bad checks on behalf of business firm or corporation in payment of wages: 18.2-182 (can be a felony or a misdemeanor)

    • False statements to obtain property or credit: 18.2-186

    • Obtaining or attempting to obtain oil, electric, gas, water, telephone, telegraph, cable television or electronic communication service without payment: 18.2-187.1 (can be a felony or a misdemeanor)

    • Defrauding hotels, motels, campgrounds, boardinghouses, etc.: 18.2-188 (can be a felony or a misdemeanor)

    • Credit card fraud; conspiracy: 18.2-195 (can be a felony or a misdemeanor)

    • Fraudulent application for credit card: 18.2-195.2 (can be a felony or a misdemeanor)

    • Unlawful use of payment card scanning devices and re-encoders: 18.2-196.1 (can be a felony or a misdemeanor)

    • Criminally receiving goods and services fraudulently obtained: 18.2-197 (can be a felony or a misdemeanor)

    • Fraudulent use of birth certificates, etc.: 18.2-204.1 (can be a felony or a misdemeanor)

    • Filing false lien or encumbrance against another: 18.2-213.2

  9. Theft of Government Funds/Property:

    No stand-alone statute.

  10. Abuse and Neglect:

    • Abuse and neglect of incapacitated adults: 18.2-369

    • Abuse and neglect of children: 18.2-371.1

  11. Forgery:

    • Forging public records, etc.: 18.2-168

    • Forging, or keeping an instrument for forging, a seal: 18.2-169

    • Forging coin or bank notes: 18.2-170

    • Making or having anything designed for forging any writing, etc.:18.2-171

    • Forging, uttering, etc., other writings: 18.2-172

    • Criminal possession of credit card forgery devices: 18.2-196

  12. Identity Theft or Identity Fraud:

    Identity theft: 18.2-186.3

f. West Virginia

  1. Human Trafficking:

    No stand-alone statute.

  2. False Imprisonment:

    No stand-alone statute.

  3. Kidnapping:

    Abduction of person; kidnapping or concealing child: 61-2-14

  4. Rape and Sexual Assault:

    • Sexual assault in the first degree: 61-8B-3

    • Sexual assault in the second degree: 61-8B-4

    • Sexual assault in the third degree: 61-8B-5

    • Sexual abuse in the first degree: 61-8B-7

    • Imposition of sexual acts on persons incarcerated or under supervision: 61-8B-10

  5. First-Degree Homicide:

    • First and second-degree murder: 61-2-1

      NOTE: First-degree murder and second-degree murder are covered under the same statute. Verify that the conviction is for first-degree murder.

    • Murder of a child by a parent, guardian or custodian or other person by refusal or failure to supply necessities, or by delivery, administration or ingestion of a controlled substance: 61-8D-2

    • Attempt to kill or injure by poison: 61-2-7

  6. Robbery:

    Robbery or attempted robbery: 61-2-12

  7. Fraud to Obtain Government Assistance:

    • Wrongfully seeking workers compensation; false testimony or statements: 61-3-24f

    • Workers-compensation health care offenses; fraud; theft or embezzlement; false statements: 61-3-24g

      (Depending on the circumstances, may be either a misdemeanor or a felony.)

  8. Fraud by Scheme:

    Fraudulent schemes; cumulation of amounts where common scheme exists: 61-3-24d

  9. Theft of Government Funds/Property:

    No stand-alone statute.

  10. Abuse and Neglect:

    • Death of a child by a parent, guardian or custodian or other person by child abuse: 61-8D-2a

    • Sexual abuse by a parent, guardian, custodian or person in a position of trust to a child; parent, guardian, custodian or person in a position of trust allowing sexual abuse to be inflicted upon a child; displaying of sex organs by a parent, guardian, or custodian: 61-8D-5

    • Female genital mutilation: 61-8D-3a

    • Child neglect resulting in injury; child neglect creating risk of injury: 61-8D-4

    • Child neglect resulting in death: 61-8D-4A

    • Abuse or neglect of incapacitated adult: 61-2-29

    • Child abuse resulting in injury; child abuse or neglect creating risk of injury: 61-8D-3

  11. Forgery:

    • Forgery of public record, certificate, return or attestation of court or officer: 61-4-1

    • Forgery of official seals; keeping or concealing instruction for forging same: 61-4-2

    • Counterfeiting: 61-4-3

    • Making plates, etc., for forgery; possession of same: 61-4-4

    • Forging or uttering other writing; creation of unauthorized demand draft: 61-4-5

    • Possession of counterfeit with intent to utter: 61-4-6

      (Depending on the circumstances, may be either a misdemeanor or a felony.)

  12. Identity Theft or Identity Fraud:

    • Taking identity of another person: 61-3-54

    • Attempted or fraudulent use, forgery, traffic of credit cards; possession and transfer of credit cards and credit card making equipment; false or fraudulent use of telephone services: 61-3-24a

      (Depending on the circumstances, may be either a misdemeanor or a felony.)

4. Atlanta Region - Alabama, Florida, Georgia, Kentucky, Mississippi, North Carolina, South Carolina and Tennessee

a. Alabama:

  1. Human Trafficking:

    • Human trafficking in the first degree: 13A-6-152

    • Human trafficking in the second degree: 13A-6-153

  2. False Imprisonment:

    No felony statute.

  3. Kidnapping:

    Kidnapping: 13A-6-43, 13A-6-44

  4. Rape and Sexual Assault:

    • Rape: 13A-6-61, 13A-6-62

    • Sodomy: 13A-6-63, 13A-6-64

    • School employee engaging in a sex act or deviant sexual intercourse with a student under the age of 19 years: 13A-6-81

    • Sexual abuse in the first degree: 13A-6-66

    • Sexual abuse in the second degree: 13-A-6-67 (only a felony after the second or subsequent offense in one year)

    • Sexual abuse of a child: 13A-6-69.1

  5. First-Degree Homicide:

    Murder: 13A-6-2(a)(1)

  6. Robbery:

    • Robbery in the first degree: 13A-8-41

    • Robbery in the second degree: 13A-8-42

    • Robbery in the third degree: 13A-8-43

    • Pharmacy robbery: 13A-8-51

  7. Fraud to Obtain Government Assistance:

    • Illegal possession of food stamps: 13A-9-91 (can be a felony or a misdemeanor)

    • False representation in medical assistance to elderly persons: 38-6-8

    • Making a false statement or representation of material fact in a claim or application for payments on medical benefits from Medicaid Agency: 22-1-11.

    • Illegal possession or fraudulent use of a credit card or debit card: 13A-9-14(c) (is a more general statute, but includes welfare cards and cards used to facilitate the transfer of government benefits; verify that conviction concerned public benefits)

  8. Fraud by Scheme:

    • Receipt or possession of bank property with intent to defraud: 5-6A-23

    • Making false entries, etc., on books and accounts of a bank: 5-6A-24.

    • Illegal possession or fraudulent use of a credit card or debit card:

      13A-9-14

    • Fraud by persons authorized to provide goods and services: 13A-9-14.1

    • Charitable fraud: 13A-9-71(q), 13A-9-73, 13A-9-74

    • Home repair fraud: 13A-9-111 (only a felony after the second or subsequent conviction)

    • Residential mortgage fraud: 13A-9-130(4)(a)

  9. Theft of Government Funds/Property:

    No stand-alone statute.

  10. Abuse or Neglect:

    • Torture, willful abuse, etc., of a child under 18 years of age by responsible person: 26-15-3

    • Aggravated child abuse: 26-15-3.1

    • Chemical endangerment of exposing a child to an environment in which controlled substances are produced or distributed: 26-15-3.2

    • Abuse, neglect, exploitation, or emotional abuse of aged adults and adults with a disability: 38-9-7(b)-(d)

  11. Forgery:

    Forgery: 13A-9-2, 13A-9-3

  12. Identity Theft or Identity Fraud:

    Identity theft: 13A-8-192.

b. Florida

  1. Human Trafficking:

    Human trafficking: 787.06

  2. False Imprisonment:

    False imprisonment and false imprisonment of a child under 13:787.02

  3. Kidnapping:

    Kidnapping and kidnapping of a child under 13: 787.01

  4. Rape and Sexual Assault:

    • Sexual battery: 794.011

    • Sexual battery by multiple perpetrators: 794.023

    • Unlawful sexual activity with certain minors: 794.05

    • Lewd or lascivious offenses committed upon or in the presence of an elderly person or disabled person: 825.1025.

  5. First-Degree Homicide:

    Murder in the first degree: 782.04(1)(a)

  6. Robbery:

    • Robbery: 812.13

    • Robbery by sudden snatching: 812.131

    • Carjacking: 812.133

    • Home-invasion robbery: 812.135

  7. Fraud to Obtain Government Assistance:

    • Medicaid provider fraud: 409.920

    • Medicaid fraud: 409.9201

    • Fraud: 414.39 (can be a felony or a misdemeanor)

  8. Fraud by Scheme:

    • Obtaining property by false personation: 817.014(1)(a), 817.014(1)(b), 817.014(1)(c)

    • Home or private business invasion by false personation: 817.025

    • use of communications technology in furtherance of schemes to defraud: 817.034 (only a felony if the value is $300 or more)

    • Obtaining property by fraudulent promise to furnish inside information: 817.11

    • Making false entries, etc., on the books of corporation: 817.15

    • False reports, etc., by officers of banks, trust companies, etc., with intent to defraud: 817.16

    • Fraudulent issue of certificate of stock of corporation: 817.19

    • Issuing stock or obligation of corporation beyond authorized amount: 817.20

    • Making a false invoice or affidavit or burning to defraud an insurer: 817.22, 817.23, 817.233

    • False and fraudulent insurance claims: 817.234, 817.2341

    • False and fraudulent motor vehicle insurance application: 817.236

    • False or fraudulent proof of motor vehicle insurance: 817.2361

    • Fraudulently adding or altering an existing brand, fraudulently marking or branding or fraudulently changing marks on an animal: 817.24, 817.25, 817.26

    • Fraudulent obtaining of property by gaming: 817.28

    • Cheating: 817.29

    • Obtaining or attempting to obtain credit or purchase by use of false, fictitious, counterfeit or expired credit card or other credit device: 817.481 (a felony if amount is over $300)

    • Obtaining telephone calling records by fraudulent means: 817.484 (a felony on the second or subsequent offense)

    • Obtaining vehicles with intent to defraud, failing to return hired vehicle: 817.52(1), 817.52(2), 817.52(3)

    • Mortgage fraud: 817.545

    • Obtaining of mortgage, mortgage note, promissory note, etc. by false representation: 817.54

    • Fraud involving a security interest: 817.562 (a felony if valued over $300)

    • Sale of a substance in lieu of certain controlled substances: 817.563, 817.564

    • Dealing in credit cards of another: 817.60(5)

    • Forgery of credit card: 817.60(6)

    • Unlawful possession of a stolen credit or debit card: 817.60(8)

    • Fraudulent use of credit cards: 817.61 (a felony if the value is $100 or more)

    • Traffic in counterfeit credit cards: 817.611

    • Fraud by person authorized to provide goods or services: 817.62

    • Use of scanning device or reencoder to defraud: 817.625

    • Possession and transfer of credit-card-making equipment: 817.631

  9. Theft of Government Funds/Property:

    No stand-alone statute.

  10. Abuse or Neglect:

    • Abuse, aggravated abuse, or neglect of an elderly person or disabled adult: 825.102

    • Abuse, aggravated child abuse, and neglect of a child: 827.03

    • Sexual performance by a child: 827.071

  11. Forgery:

    • Forgery: 831.01

    • Forging bank bills, checks, drafts, or promissory notes: 831.07

    • Counterfeiting coin; having 10 or more such coins in possession with intent to utter: 831.15

    • Having fewer than 10 counterfeit coins in possession with intent to utter: 831.16

  12. Identity Theft or Identity Fraud:

    Criminal use of personal identification information: 817.568

    (Depending on the circumstances, may be either a misdemeanor or a felony.)

c. Georgia

  1. Human Trafficking:

    Trafficking a person for labor or sexual servitude: 16-5-46

  2. False Imprisonment:

    • False imprisonment: 16-5-41

    • False imprisonment under color of legal process: 16-5-42

    • Malicious confinement of a sane person: 16-5-43

  3. Kidnapping:

    Kidnapping: 16-5-40

  4. Rape and Sexual Assault:

    • Rape: 16-6-1

    • Aggravated sodomy: 16-6-2

      (Depending on the circumstances, may be either a misdemeanor or a felony.)

    • Statutory rape: 16-6-3

      (Depending on the circumstances, may be either a misdemeanor or a felony.)

    • Aggravated child molestation: 16-6-4(c)

    • Sexual assault: 16-6-5.1.

      (Depending on the circumstances, may be either a misdemeanor or a felony.)

    • Sexual battery against any child under the age of 16 years: 16-6-22.1(d), 16-6-22.1(e)

    • Aggravated sexual battery: 16-6-22.2

  5. First-Degree Homicide:

    Murder: 16-5-1

  6. Robbery:

    • Robbery: 16-8-40

    • Armed robbery or robbery by intimidation: 16-8-41

    • Motor vehicle hijacking: 16-5-44.1

  7. Fraud to Obtain Government Assistance:

    Fraud in obtaining public assistance: 49-4-15

    (Depending on the dollar amount, may be either a misdemeanor or a felony.)

  8. Fraud by Scheme:

    • Theft by deception: 16-8-3

      (Depending on the circumstances, may be either a misdemeanor or a felony.)

    • Theft of services: 16-8-5

      (Depending on the circumstances, may be either a misdemeanor or a felony.)

    • Residential mortgage fraud: 16-8-102, 16-8-105

    • Foreclosure fraud: 16-9-60(b)

    • Damaging, destroying or secreting property to defraud another: 16-9-53

  9. Theft of Government Funds/Property:

    Conspiracy to defraud state or political subdivision: 16-10-21

  10. Abuse or Neglect:

    • Cruelty to children: 16-5-70

    • Reckless abandonment of a child: 16-5-72

    • Causing or permitting a child to be present during the manufacture of methamphetamine or possession of a chemical substance with the intent to manufacture methamphetamine where the child receives serious injury: 16-5-73(b)(2)

    • Child molestation: 16-6-4

      (Depending on the circumstances, may be either a misdemeanor or a felony.)

    • Cruelty to a person who is 65 years of age or older: 16-5-100

    • Abuse/neglect/exploitation of any disabled adult or elder person: 30-5-8(a)(1)(A), 30-5-8(a)(1)(B), 30-5-8(a)(3)

  11. Forgery:

    Forgery in the first and second degree: 16-9-1(b), 16-9-1(c), 16-9-1(d)

  12. Identity Theft or Identity Fraud:

    • Identity fraud: 16-9-121

    • Aggravated identity fraud: 19-6-121.1

d. Kentucky

  1. Human Trafficking:

    Human trafficking: 529.100

  2. False Imprisonment:

    Unlawful imprisonment in the first degree: 509.020

  3. Kidnapping:

    Kidnapping: 509.040

  4. Rape and Sexual Assault:

    • Rape in the first degree: 510.040

    • Rape in the second degree: 510.050

    • Rape in the third degree: 510.060

    • Sexual abuse in the first degree: 510.110

  5. First-Degree Homicide:

    Murder: 507.020

  6. Robbery:

    • Robbery in the first degree: 515.020

    • Robbery in the second degree: 515.030

  7. Fraud to Obtain Government Assistance:

    Prohibited activities; commencement of proceedings for enforcement:

    • 194A.505(1) (can be a felony or a misdemeanor)

    • 194A.505(2) (can be a felony or a misdemeanor)

    • 194A.505(4)

    • 194A.505(5)

    • 194A.505(6)

    • 194A.505(7) (can be a felony or a misdemeanor)

  8. Fraud by Scheme:

    • Theft by deception: 514.040(8)

      (Depending on the circumstances, may be either a misdemeanor or a felony.)

    • Fraudulent use of a credit/debit card: 434.650

      (Depending on the circumstances, may be either a misdemeanor or a felony.)

    • Fraudulent use of a debit/credit card after reporting it as lost, stolen or not received: 434.655

      (Depending on the circumstances, may be either a misdemeanor or a felony.)

    • False statement as to identity or financial condition to procure the issuance of a credit/debit card: 434.570

    • Sale by/purchase from a person other than the issuer of a credit/debit card: 434.600

    • Fraud by authorized persons, business organization, or financial institution: 434.660

      (Depending on the circumstances, may be either a misdemeanor or a felony.)

  9. Theft of Government Funds/Property:

    No stand-alone statute.

  10. Abuse or Neglect:

    • First-degree sexual abuse: 510.110(1)(d)

    • Knowing/wanton abuse or neglect of an adult: 209.990(2-3)

    • Criminal abuse in the first degree: 508.100

    • Criminal abuse in the second degree: 508.110

    • Abandonment of a minor: 530.040

  11. Forgery:

    • Forgery in the first degree: 516.020

    • Forgery in the second degree: 516.030

  12. Identity Theft or Identity Fraud:

    Theft of identity: 514.160

e. Mississippi

  1. Human Trafficking:

    Human trafficking 97-3-54.1(a)

  2. False Imprisonment:

    No stand-alone statute.

  3. Kidnapping:

    Kidnapping: 97-3-53

  4. Rape and Sexual Assault:

    • Sexual battery: 97-3-95

    • Fondling of a child: 97-5-23

    • Abuse of a vulnerable person: 43-47-19(3)

    • Sexual battery or fondling of a vulnerable person: 43-3-18

  5. First-Degree Homicide:

    Murder: 97-3-19

  6. Robbery:

    • Robbery: 97-3-73, 97-3-75

    • Robbery, threatening injury at a different time: 97-3-77

    • Robbery using a deadly weapon: 97-3-79

    • Robbery of intangibles: 97-3-83

    • Carjacking: 97-3-115, 97-3-117

  7. Fraud to Obtain Government Assistance:

    Welfare fraud: 97-19-71

    (Depending on the circumstances, may be either a misdemeanor or a felony.)

  8. Fraud by Scheme:

    • Procuring money, goods or services with intent to defraud: 97-19-21

    • (Depending on the circumstances, may be either a misdemeanor or a felony.)

    • Obtaining signature, money, or valuable thing with intent to defraud: 97-19-39(2)

    • Computer fraud: 97-45-3

      (Depending on the circumstances, may be either a misdemeanor or a felony.)

    • Mail fraud: 97-19-83

    • Using false negotiable instruments: 97-19-41

    • Bad checks, generally: 97-19-55

      (Depending on the circumstances, may be either a misdemeanor or a felony.)

  9. Theft of Government Funds/Property:

    False representations to defraud the government: 97-7-10

  10. Abuse or Neglect:

    • Felonious abuse/neglect of a child: 97-5-39(2), 97-5-39(b), 97-5-39(c)

    • Abuse, neglect and exploitation forbidden: 43-47-19

      (Depending on the circumstances, may be either a misdemeanor or a felony.)

  11. Forgery:

    • Public account books; false entries or alterations: 97-21-1

      (Depending on the circumstances, may be either a misdemeanor or a felony.)

    • Corporate account books; false entries or alterations: 97-21-3

      (Depending on the circumstances, may be either a misdemeanor or a felony.)

    • Recordable instrument; false certification: 97-21-7

      (Depending on the circumstances, may be either a misdemeanor or a felony.)

    • Certificate or public security: 97-21-9

      (Depending on the circumstances, may be either a misdemeanor or a felony.)

    • Counterfeiting United States currency: 97-21-13

      (Depending on the circumstances, may be either a misdemeanor or a felony.)

    • Counterfeiting foreign currency: 97-21-15

      (Depending on the circumstances, may be either a misdemeanor or a felony.)

    • Possession of counterfeit money: 97-21-17

      (Depending on the circumstances, may be either a misdemeanor or a felony.)

    • Falsely making evidence of corporate debt: 97-21-19

      (Depending on the circumstances, may be either a misdemeanor or a felony.)

    • Destruction or erasure of writing with intent to defraud: 97-21-21

      (Depending on the circumstances, may be either a misdemeanor or a felony.)

    • Engraving plates; possession of impressions: 97-21-23

      (Depending on the circumstances, may be either a misdemeanor or a felony.)

    • Fraud upon person with same name: 97-21-29

      (Depending on the circumstances, may be either a misdemeanor or a felony.)

    • Fraudulent composite instrument: 97-21-31

      (Depending on the circumstances, may be either a misdemeanor or a felony.)

    • Possession of forged, altered or counterfeit instruments: 97-21-37

      (Depending on the circumstances, may be either a misdemeanor or a felony.)

    • Falsely making or altering tickets: 97-21-41

      (Depending on the circumstances, may be either a misdemeanor or a felony.)

    • Sales or possession of forged tickets: 97-21-43

      (Depending on the circumstances, may be either a misdemeanor or a felony.)

    • Wills, records and judgments: 97-21-45

      (Depending on the circumstances, may be either a misdemeanor or a felony.)

    • Seals: 97-21-47

    • Sale of counterfeit instruments: 97-21-49

      (Depending on the circumstances, may be either a misdemeanor or a felony.)

    • Trademarks and labels: 97-21-53

      (Depending on the dollar amount, may be either a misdemeanor or a felony.)

    • Sale of goods bearing counterfeit trademark or label: 97-21-57(a)

    • Uttering counterfeit instruments: 97-21-59

      (Depending on the circumstances, may be either a misdemeanor or a felony.)

    • Treasury warrants: 97-21-61

      (Depending on the circumstances, may be either a misdemeanor or a felony.)

    • Forgery of wills, deeds or recordable instruments: 97-21-63

      (Depending on the circumstances, may be either a misdemeanor or a felony.)

  12. Identity Theft or Identity Fraud:

    • Identity theft: 97-45-19

      (Depending on the circumstances, may be either a misdemeanor or a felony.)

    • False representation or impersonation of another to receive money or other valuable property: 97-19-35

    • Using false negotiable instruments: 97-17-41

      (Depending on the circumstances, may be either a misdemeanor or a felony.)

    • Fraudulent use of social security number or identifying information to obtain goods: 97-19-85

f. North Carolina

  1. Human Trafficking:

    Human trafficking: 14-43.11

  2. False Imprisonment:

    Felonious restraint: 14.43.3

  3. Kidnapping:

    • Kidnapping: 14.39

    • Abduction of children: 14-41

  4. Rape and Sexual Assault:

    • First-degree rape: 14-27.2

    • Rape of a child: 14-27.2A

    • Second-degree rape: 14-27.3

    • First-degree sexual offense: 14-27.4

    • Sexual offense with a child; adult offender: 14-27.4A

    • Second-degree sexual offense: 14-27.5

    • Intercourse and sexual offenses with certain victims; consent no defense: 14-27.7

      (Depending on the circumstances, may be either a misdemeanor or a felony.)

    • Statutory rape or sexual offense of person who is 13, 14, or 15 years old: 14-27.7A

  5. First-Degree Homicide:

    Murder in the first degree: 14-17

  6. Robbery:

    • Robbery with firearms or other dangerous weapons: 14-87

    • Common-law robbery: 14-87.1

    • Train robbery: 14-88

  7. Fraud to Obtain Access to Government Assistance:

    • Medical assistance recipient fraud: 108A-64

      (Depending on the circumstances, may be either a misdemeanor or a felony.)

    • Medical assistance provider fraud: 108A-63

    • Fraudulent misrepresentation to receive benefits under the Health Insurance Program for Children: 108A-70.28

    • Fraudulent misrepresentation in Food and Nutrition Services: 108A-53

      (Depending on the circumstances, may be either a misdemeanor or a felony.)

    • Fraudulent misrepresentation in the Work First Program: 108A-53

      (Depending on the circumstances, may be either a misdemeanor or a felony.)

  8. Fraud by Scheme:

    • Obtaining property by false pretenses: 14-100

    • Obtaining signatures by false pretenses: 14-101

    • Worthless checks; multiple presentment of checks: 14-107

      (Depending on the circumstances, may be either a misdemeanor or a felony.)

    • Exploitation of an elder or disabled adult: 14-112.2

  9. Theft of Government Funds/Property:

    • Embezzlement of property received by virtue of office or employment: 14-90

    • Embezzlement of state property by public officers and employees: 14-91

    • Embezzlement of funds by public officers and employees: 14-92

    • Embezzlement of taxes by officers: 14-99

  10. Abuse or Neglect:

    • Child abuse: 14-318.4

    • First-degree sexual exploitation of a minor: 14-190.16

    • Second-degree sexual exploitation of a minor: 14-190.17

    • Third-degree sexual exploitation of a minor: 14-190.17A

    • Abuse/neglect of disabled or elder adults: 14-32.3

    • Patient abuse/neglect: 14-32.2

  11. Forgery:

    • Forgery of notes, checks and other securities: 14-119

    • Uttering forged paper or instrument containing a forged endorsement: 14-120

    • Selling of certain forged securities: 14-121

    • Forgery of deeds, wills and other instruments: 14-122

    • Forging names to petitions/uttering forged petitions: 14-123

    • Forging certificate of corporate stock/uttering forged certificates: 14-124

  12. Identity Theft or Identity Fraud:

    Identity theft: 14-113.20

g. South Carolina

  1. Human Trafficking:

    Trafficking in persons for forced labor or services: 16-3-930

  2. False Imprisonment:

    See Kidnapping.

  3. Kidnapping:

    • Kidnapping: 16-3-910

    • Conspiracy to kidnap: 16-3-920

  4. Rape and Sexual Assault:

    • Spousal sexual battery: 16-3-615

    • Criminal sexual conduct in the first degree: 16-3-652

    • Criminal sexual conduct in the second degree: 16-3-653

    • Criminal sexual conduct in the third degree: 16-3-654

    • Criminal sexual conduct with a minor in the first degree: 16-3-655(A)

    • Criminal sexual conduct with a minor in the second degree: 16-3-655(B)

    • Criminal sexual conduct: assaults with intent to commit: 16-3-656

    • Sexual battery with a student: 16-3-755(B), 16-3-755(D)

      (Depending on the circumstances, may be either a misdemeanor or a felony.)

    • Assault and battery: 16-3-600(C)(1)(a)(i)

  5. First-Degree Homicide:

    Murder: 16-3-10, 16-3-11(A)

  6. Robbery:

    • Common-law robbery: 16-11-325

    • Robbery and attempted robbery while armed with deadly weapon: 16-11-330

    • Train robbery by stopping train: 16-11-350

    • Robbery after entry upon train: 16-11-360

    • Robbery of operators of motor vehicles for hire: 16-11-370

    • Carjacking: 16-3-1075

  7. Fraud to Obtain Access to Government Assistance:

    Fraudulent acquisition or use of food stamps: 16-13-430

    (Depending on the circumstances, may be either a misdemeanor or a felony.)

  8. Fraud by Scheme:

    • Breach of trust with fraudulent intent: 16-13-230

      (Depending on the circumstances, may be either a misdemeanor or a felony.)

    • Obtaining signature or property by false pretenses: 16-13-240

      (Depending on the circumstances, may be either a misdemeanor or a felony.)

    • Obtaining property under false tokens or letters: 16-13-260

      (Depending on the circumstances, may be either a misdemeanor or a felony.)

    • Securing property by fraudulent impersonation of officer: 16-13-290

      (Depending on the circumstances, may be either a misdemeanor or a felony.)

    • Financial transaction card fraud: 16-14-60

    • (Depending on the circumstances, may be either a misdemeanor or a felony.)

    • Making false claim or statement in support of claim to obtain insurance benefits for fire or explosion loss: 16-11-125

    • Computer crime in the first degree: 16-16-20(1), 16-16-20(2)

    • Crimes against a federally chartered or insured financial institution: 34-3-110

    • Fraudulent insurance application: 38-43-245

  9. Theft of Government Funds/Property:

    Embezzlement of public funds: 16-13-210

  10. Abuse or Neglect:

    • Homicide by child abuse: 16-3-85

    • Sexual exploitation of a minor in the first degree: 16-15-395

    • Sexual exploitation of a minor in the second degree: 16-15-405

    • Sexual exploitation of a minor in the third degree: 16-15-410

    • Knowing or willful abuse/neglect of a vulnerable adult: 43-35-85(B)-(F)

    • Unlawful conduct toward a child: 63-5-70

  11. Forgery:

    Forgery: 16-13-10

  12. Identity Theft or Identity Fraud:

    Financial identity fraud or identity fraud: 16-13-510

h. Tennessee

  1. Human Trafficking:

    • Trafficking persons for forced labor or services: 39-13-308

    • Trafficking a person for sexual servitude: 39-13-309

  2. False Imprisonment:

    No felony statute.

  3. Kidnapping:

    • Kidnapping: 39-13-303

    • Aggravated kidnapping: 39-13-304

    • Especially aggravated kidnapping: 39-13-305

  4. Rape and Sexual Assault:

    • Aggravated rape: 39-13-502

    • Rape: 39-13-503

    • Mitigated statutory rape: statutory rape; aggravated statutory rape; penalties: 39-13-506

    • Rape of a child: 39-13-522

    • Aggravated rape of a child: 39-13-531

    • Statutory rape by an authority figure: 39-13-532

    • Aggravated sexual battery: 39-13-504

    • Sexual battery: 39-13-505

    • Sexual battery by an authority figure: 39-13-527

  5. First-Degree Homicide:

    First-degree murder: 39-13-202(a)(1)

  6. Robbery:

    • Robbery: 39-13-401

    • Aggravated robbery: 39-13-402

    • Especially aggravated robbery: 39-13-403

    • Carjacking: 39-31-404

  7. Fraud to Obtain Access to Government Assistance:

    • Old age assistance fraud: 71-2-215

    • Aid to the blind fraud: 71-4-116

    • Aid to disabled persons fraud: 71-4-1113

    • Fraudulent receipt of food assistance: 71-5-314

      (Depending on the circumstances, may be either a misdemeanor or a felony.)

    • Fraud and abuse in TennCare: 71-5-2601

  8. Fraud by Scheme:

    • Insolvency; fraud: 39-14-117

    • Credit or debit cards; unauthorized use or possession: 39-14-118

      (Depending on the circumstances, may be either a misdemeanor or a felony.)

    • Worthless checks: 39-14-121

      (Depending on the circumstances, may be either a misdemeanor or a felony.)

    • Wills; destruction or concealment: 39-14-131

    • False/fraudulent insurance claims: 39-14-133

      (Depending on the circumstances, may be either a misdemeanor or a felony.)

    • Economic and community development; program participation; false or fraudulent conduct: 39-14-137

      (Depending on the circumstances, may be either a misdemeanor or a felony.)

    • Motor vehicles; fraudulent transfer: 39-14-147

      (Depending on the circumstances, may be either a misdemeanor or a felony.)

    • Home improvement services provider fraud: 39-14-154

      (Depending on the circumstances, may be either a misdemeanor or a felony.)

  9. Theft of Government Funds/Property:

    No stand-alone statute.

  10. Abuse or Neglect:

    • Abuse or neglect: 39-15-401(a), 39-15-401(b)

    • Aggravated child abuse and neglect; aggravated child endangerment: 39-15-402

    • Aggravated assault: 39-13-102(b)

    • Knowing abuse, neglect or exploitation of a protected adult: 71-6-117

    • Knowing physical abuse or gross neglect of an impaired adult: 71-6-119

  11. Forgery:

    Forgery: 39-14-114

  12. Identity Theft or Identity Fraud:

    Identity theft: 39-14-150

5. Chicago Region - Illinois, Indiana, Michigan, Minnesota, Ohio and Wisconsin

a. Illinois

Crimes in Illinois are set out in Chapter 720 of the Illinois Compiled Statutes. The individual section numbers of the statutes are shown below:

  1. Human Trafficking:

    Trafficking in persons, involuntary servitude, and related offenses, 5/10-9

  2. False Imprisonment:

    • Unlawful restraint, 5/10-3

    • Aggravated unlawful restraint, 5/10-3.1

  3. Kidnapping:

    • Kidnapping, 5/10-1

    • Aggravated kidnapping, 5/10-2

  4. Rape and Sexual Assault:

    • Criminal sexual assault, 5/11-1.20

    • Aggravated criminal sexual assault, 5/11-1.30

    • Predatory criminal sexual assault of a child, 5/11-1.40

    • Criminal sexual abuse, 5/11-1.50

      (Depending on the circumstances, can be misdemeanor or felony.)

    • Aggravated criminal sexual abuse, 5/11-1.60

  5. First-Degree Homicide:

    First-degree murder, 5/9-1

  6. Robbery:

    • Robbery, 5/18-1

    • Armed robbery, 5/18-2

    • Aggravated robbery, 5/18-5

    • Vehicular highjacking, 5/18-3

    • Aggravated vehicular highjacking, 5/18-4

  7. Fraud to Obtain Access to Government Assistance:

    • State benefits fraud, 5/17-6

    • WIC fraud, 5/17-6.3

      (Depending on the circumstances, can be misdemeanor or felony.)

    • Public aid wire and mail fraud, 5/17-9

  8. Fraud by Scheme:

    • General deception, 5/17-1

      (Depending on the circumstances, can be misdemeanor or felony.)

    • False personation, 5/17-2

      (Depending on the circumstances, can be misdemeanor or felony.)

    • Insurance fraud, 5/17-10.5

      (Depending on the circumstances, can be misdemeanor or felony.)

    • Financial institution fraud, 5/17-10.6

      (Depending on the circumstances, can be misdemeanor or felony.)

    • Fraud in transfers of real and personal property, 5/17-13

      (Depending on the circumstances, can be misdemeanor or felony.)

    • Fraud in stock transactions, 5/17-17

    • Use of counterfeited, forged, expired, revoked or unissued credit or debit card, 5/17-36

    • Mail fraud and wire fraud, 5/17-24

    • Fraud on creditors, 5/17-27

    • Computer fraud, 5/17-50

    • Financial exploitation of an elderly person or a person with a disability, 5/17-56

    • Defrauding drug and alcohol screening tests, 5/17-57

    • Fraudulent production of an infant, 17-58

  9. Theft of (Federal) Government Funds/Property:

    No crimes limited to theft of Federal Government property.

  10. Abuse or Neglect:

    • Permitting sexual abuse of a child, 5/11-9.1A

    • Sexual misconduct with a person with a disability, 5/11-9.5

  11. Forgery:

    • Forgery, 5/17-3

      (Depending on the circumstances, can be misdemeanor or felony.)

    • Fraud in stock transactions, 5/17-17

  12. Identity Theft or Identity Fraud:

    Identity theft, 5/16-30

    (Depending on the circumstances, can be misdemeanor or felony.)

b. Indiana

Crimes in Indiana are set out in the Indiana Code. The individual section numbers of the statutes are shown below:

  1. Human Trafficking:

    • Promotion of human trafficking; sexual trafficking of a minor: 35-42-3.5-1

    • Child Solicitation: 35-42-4-6

  2. False Imprisonment:

    Criminal confinement: 35-42-3-3

  3. Kidnapping:

    Kidnapping: 35-42-3-2

  4. Rape and Sexual Assault:

    • Rape: 35-42-4-1

    • Criminal deviate conduct: 35-42-4-2

    • Child molesting: 35-42-4-3

    • Vicarious sexual gratification; sexual conduct in the presence of a minor: 35-42-4-5

    • Sexual battery, IC: 35-42-4-8

  5. First-Degree Homicide:

    First-degree murder: 35-42-1-1

  6. Robbery:

    • Robbery: 35-42-5-1

    • Carjacking: 35-42-5-2

  7. Fraud to Obtain Access to Government Assistance:

    • Welfare fraud: 35-43-5-7

      (Depending on the circumstances, can be misdemeanor or felony.)

    • Medicaid fraud: 35-43-5-7.1

    • Children’s health insurance program fraud: 35-43-5-7.2

    • Falsely representing entity as disadvantaged or women-owned business enterprise: 35-43-5-9

  8. Fraud by Scheme:

    • Fraud: 35-43-5-4

    • Insurance fraud, insurance application fraud: 35-43-5-4.5

      (Depending on the circumstances, can be misdemeanor or felony.)

    • Check deception: 35-43-5-5

      (Depending on the circumstances, can be misdemeanor or felony.)

    • Fraud on financial institutions: 35-43-5-8

    • Check fraud: 35-43-5-12

    • Making a false sales document: 35-43-5-16

    • Delivery of a false sales document: 35-43-5-17

    • Home improvement fraud: 35-43-6-13

      (Depending on the circumstances, can be misdemeanor or felony.)

  9. Theft of (Federal) Government Funds/Property:

    No crimes limited to theft of Federal Government property.

  10. Abuse or Neglect:

    • Promotion of human trafficking, sexual trafficking of a minor: 35-42-3.5-1

    • Child seduction: 35-42-4-7

    • Neglect of a dependent: 35-46-1-4

  11. Forgery:

    Counterfeiting; forgery: 35-43-5-2

  12. Identity Theft or Identity Fraud:

    • Identity deception: 35-43-5-3.5

    • Terroristic deception: 35-43-5-3.6

    • Synthetic identity deception: 35-43-5-3.8

c. Michigan

Crimes in Michigan are set out in the Michigan Compiled Laws. The individual section numbers of the statutes are shown below:

  1. Human Trafficking:

    Human trafficking: 750.462b-h

  2. False Imprisonment:

    Unlawful imprisonment: 750.349b

  3. Kidnapping:

    Kidnapping: 750.349

  4. Rape and Sexual Assault:

    • Criminal sexual conduct first degree: 750.520b

    • Criminal sexual conduct second degree: 750.520c

    • Criminal sexual conduct third degree: 750.520d

  5. First-Degree Homicide:

    First-degree murder: 750.316

  6. Robbery:

    • Robbery: 750.530

    • Armed robbery: 750.529

  7. Fraud to Obtain Access to Government Assistance:

    Fraudulent device to obtain relief: 400.60

    (Depending on the circumstances, can be misdemeanor or felony.)

  8. Fraud by Scheme:

    • Pyramid or chain promotion or distribution: 445.1528

    • Use of false pretenses with intent to defraud: 750.218

      (Depending on the circumstances, can be misdemeanor or felony.)

  9. Theft of (Federal) Government Funds/Property:

    No crimes limited to theft of Federal Government property.

  10. Abuse or Neglect:

    • Assault and assault and battery; domestic assault: 750.81

      (Depending on the circumstances, can be misdemeanor or felony.)

    • Assault and infliction of serious injury (aggravated assault): 750.81a

      (Depending on the circumstances, can be misdemeanor or felony.)

    • Vulnerable adult abuse/neglect: 750.145n

      (Depending on the circumstances, can be misdemeanor or felony.)

    • Children; exposing with intent to injure or abandon: 750.135

    • Child abuse: 750.136b(2)

      (Depending on the circumstances, can be misdemeanor or felony.)

    • Accosting, enticing or soliciting child for immoral purposes: 750.145a,750.145b (not limited to parent, caretaker or spouse)

    • Child sexually abusive activity or material: 750.145c(2)

  11. Forgery:

    • Fraud, forgery, material alteration, simulation, counterfeiting a financial transaction device: 750.157r

    • Alteration, forgery or counterfeit of certain public records: 750.248

    • Alteration, forgery or counterfeit of deeds or other documents affecting real property: 750.248b

    • Uttering and publishing false, forged, altered or counterfeit records: 750.249

    • Forgery of bank bills and promissory notes: 750.251

  12. Identity Theft or Identity Fraud:

    • Use of personal identifying information: 445.65

    • Offenses relating to electronic communications/internet use: 445.67

d. Minnesota

Crimes in Minnesota are set out in the Minnesota Statutes. The individual section numbers of the statutes are shown below:

  1. Human Trafficking:

    • Labor trafficking: 609.282

    • Solicitation, inducement, and promotion of prostitution; sex trafficking: 609.322

  2. False Imprisonment:

    False imprisonment: 609.255

  3. Kidnapping:

    Kidnapping: 609.25 (Corrected)

    (Depending on the circumstances, may be either a misdemeanor or a felony.)

  4. Rape and Sexual Assault:

    • Criminal sexual conduct in the first degree: 609.342

    • Criminal sexual conduct in the second degree: 609.343

    • Criminal sexual conduct in the third degree: 609.344

    • Criminal sexual conduct in the fourth degree: 609.345

  5. First-Degree Homicide:

    First-degree murder: 609.185

  6. Robbery:

    • Simple robbery: 609.24

    • Aggravated robbery: 609.245

  7. Fraud to Obtain Access to Government Assistance:

    • Presenting false claims to public officer or body: 609.465

      (Depending on the circumstances, may be either a misdemeanor or a felony.)

    • Medical assistance fraud: 609.466

      (Depending on the circumstances, may be either a misdemeanor or a felony.)

  8. Fraud by Scheme:

    • Possession or sale of stolen or counterfeit check: 609.528

      (Depending on the circumstances, may be either a misdemeanor or a felony.)

    • Insurance fraud: 609.611

      (Depending on the circumstances, may be either a misdemeanor or a felony.)

    • State lottery fraud: 609.651

    • Fraudulent driver’s licenses and ID cards: 609.652

      (Depending on the circumstances, may be either a misdemeanor or a felony.)

    • Fraudulent or otherwise improper financing statements: 609.7475

      (Depending on the circumstances, may be either a misdemeanor or a felony.)

    • Fraud in obtaining credit: 609.82

      (Depending on the circumstances, may be either a misdemeanor or a felony.)

    • Financial transaction card fraud: 609.821

      (Depending on the circumstances, may be either a misdemeanor or a felony.)

    • Residential mortgage fraud: 609.822

      (Depending on the circumstances, may be either a misdemeanor or a felony.)

    • Computer damage: 609.88

      (Depending on the circumstances, may be either a misdemeanor or a felony.)

    • Telecommunications fraud: 609.893

      (Depending on the circumstances, may be either a misdemeanor or a felony.)

    • Cellular telephone counterfeiting: 609.894

      (Depending on the circumstances, may be either a misdemeanor or a felony.)

  9. Theft of (Federal) Government Funds/Property:

    No crimes limited to theft of Federal Government property.

  10. Abuse or Neglect:

    • Domestic assault: 609.2242

      (Depending on the circumstances, may be either a misdemeanor or a felony.)

    • Domestic assault by strangulation: 609.2247

    • Criminal abuse: 609.2325

      (Depending on the circumstances, may be either a misdemeanor or a felony.)

    • False imprisonment: 609.255

      (Depending on the circumstances, may be either a misdemeanor or a felony.)

    • Malicious punishment of a child: 609.377

      (Depending on the circumstances, may be either a misdemeanor or a felony.)

    • Neglect or endangerment of a child: 609.378

      (Depending on the circumstances, may be either a misdemeanor or a felony.)

  11. Forgery:

    • Forgery: 609.63

    • Aggravated forgery: 609.625

    • Check forgery; offering a forged check: 609.631

      (Depending on the circumstances, may be either a misdemeanor or a felony.)

    • Counterfeiting of currency: 609.632

      (Depending on the circumstances, may be either a misdemeanor or a felony.)

  12. Identity Theft or Identity Fraud:

    Identity theft: 609.527

    (Depending on the circumstances, may be either a misdemeanor or a felony.)

e. Ohio

  1. Human Trafficking:

    Trafficking in persons: 2905.32

  2. False Imprisonment:

    Abduction: 2905.02(A)(2)

  3. Kidnapping:

    Kidnapping: 2905.01

  4. Rape and Sexual Assault:

    • Rape: 2907.02

    • Sexual battery: 2907.03

    • Unlawful sexual conduct with a minor: 2907.04

      (Depending on the circumstances, may be either a misdemeanor or a felony.)

    • Gross sexual imposition: 2907.05

  5. First-Degree Homicide:

    Aggravated murder: 2903.01

  6. Robbery:

    • Aggravated robbery: 2911.01

    • Robbery: 2911.02

  7. Fraud to Obtain Government Assistance:

    • Medicaid fraud: 2913.40

      (Depending on the circumstances, may be either a misdemeanor or a felony.)

    • Medicaid eligibility fraud: 2913.401

      (Depending on the circumstances, may be either a misdemeanor or a felony.)

    • Worker’s compensation fraud: 2913.48

      (Depending on the circumstances, may be either a misdemeanor or a felony.)

  8. Fraud by Scheme:

    • Pyramid sales plan: 1333.92

      (Depending on the circumstances, may be either a misdemeanor or a felony.)

    • Securities: 1707.44

    • Trademark counterfeiting: 2913.34

      (Depending on the circumstances, may be either a misdemeanor or a felony.)

    • Securing writings by deception: 2913.43

      (Depending on the circumstances, may be either a misdemeanor or a felony.)

    • Defrauding creditors: 2913.45

      (Depending on the circumstances, may be either a misdemeanor or a felony.)

    • Insurance fraud: 2913.47

      (Depending on the circumstances, may be either a misdemeanor or a felony.)

  9. Theft of Government Funds/Property:

    No crimes limited to theft of Federal Government property.

  10. Abuse or Neglect:

    • Domestic violence: 2919.25

      (Depending on the circumstances, may be either a misdemeanor or a felony.)

    • Failing to provide for functionally impaired person: 2903.16

      (Depending on the circumstances, may be either a misdemeanor or a felony.)

    • Patient abuse or neglect: 2903.34

      (Depending on the circumstances, may be either a misdemeanor or a felony.)

    • Patient endangerment: 2903.341

      (Depending on the circumstances, may be either a misdemeanor or a felony.)

    • Permitting child abuse: 2903.15

    • Endangering children: 2919.22

      (Depending on the circumstances, may be either a misdemeanor or a felony.)

  11. Forgery:

    • Forgery: 2913.31

      (Depending on the circumstances, may be either a misdemeanor or a felony.)

    • Tampering with records: 2913.42

      (Depending on the circumstances, may be either a misdemeanor or a felony.)

  12. Identity Theft or Identity Fraud:

    Identity fraud: 2913.49

f. Wisconsin

  1. Human Trafficking:

    • Human trafficking: 940.302

    • Trafficking of a child: 948.051

  2. False Imprisonment:

    False imprisonment: 940.30

  3. Kidnapping:

    Kidnapping: 940.31

  4. Rape and Sexual Assault:

    • Sexual assault: 940.225

      (Depending on the circumstances, may be either a misdemeanor or a felony.)

    • Sexual assault of a child: 948.02

    • Engaging in repeated acts of sexual assault of the same child: 948.025

      Sexual assault of a child by a school staff person: 948.095

    • Sexual assault of a child placed in substitute care: 948.085

  5. First-Degree Homicide:

    First-degree intentional homicide: 940.01

  6. Robbery:

    Robbery: 943.32

  7. Fraud to Obtain Access to Government Assistance:

    • Wisconsin Works, false statements: 49.141(6)

      (Depending on the circumstances, may be either a misdemeanor or a felony.)

    • Medical assistance offenses (1) fraud: 49.49

      (Depending on the circumstances, may be either a misdemeanor or a felony.)

    • Food stamp offenses: 49.795

      (Depending on the circumstances, may be either a misdemeanor or a felony.)

    • Public assistance, penalties: 49.95

      (Depending on the circumstances, may be either a misdemeanor or a felony.)

    • Housing assistance, penalties: 66.1207

      (Depending on the circumstances, may be either a misdemeanor or a felony.)

  8. Fraud by Scheme:

    • Cigarette taxes, interest/penalties: 139.44

      (Depending on the circumstances, may be either a misdemeanor or a felony.)

    • Savings and loan, penalty for dishonest acts: 215.12

    • Securities law, general fraud: 551.501

    • Franchise, criminal penalties: 553.52

    • Theft, false representation: 943.20(D)

    • Fraud on hotel or restaurant keeper, recreational attraction, taxicab operator, or gas station: 943.21

      (Depending on the circumstances, may be either a misdemeanor or a felony.)

    • Fraudulent Writings: 943.39

    • Insurance Fraud: 943.395

      (Depending on the circumstances, may be either a misdemeanor or a felony.)

    • Fraudulent destruction of certain writing: 943.40

    • Financial transaction card crimes: 943.41

      (Depending on the circumstances, may be either a misdemeanor or a felony.)

    • Criminal slander of title: 943.60

    • Fraud against a financial institution: 943.82

      (Depending on the circumstances, may be either a misdemeanor or a felony.)

    • Loan fraud: 943.83

      (Depending on the circumstances, may be either a misdemeanor or a felony.)

    • Mail fraud: 943.89

    • Wire fraud against a financial institution: 943.90

    • Tampering with public records and notices: 946.72

      (Depending on the circumstances, may be either a misdemeanor or a felony.)

  9. Theft of (Federal) Government Funds/Property:

    No crimes limited to theft of Federal Government property.

  10. Abuse or Neglect:

    • Abuse of individuals at risk: 940.285

      (Depending on the circumstances, may be either a misdemeanor or a felony.)

    • Abuse/neglect of patients/residents: 940.295

      (Depending on the circumstances, may be either a misdemeanor or a felony.)

    • Physical abuse of a child: 948.03

    • Causing mental harm to a child: 948.04

    • Sexual exploitation of a child: 948.05

    • Causing a child to view or listen to sexual activity: 948.055

    • Incest with a child: 948.06

    • Child enticement: 948.07

    • Sexual assault of a child placed in substitute care: 948.085

    • Sexual assault of a child by school staff person: 948.095

    • Neglecting a child: 948.21

      (Depending on the circumstances, may be either a misdemeanor or a felony.)

  11. Forgery:

    • Forgery: 943.38

      (Depending on the circumstances, may be either a misdemeanor or a felony.)

    • Fraudulent writings: 943.39

    • Forgery of financial transaction card: 943.41(4)(a)

  12. Identity Theft or Identity Fraud:

    Unauthorized use of an individual’s personal identifying information: 943:201

6. Dallas Region - Arkansas, Louisiana, Oklahoma, New Mexico, and Texas

a. Arkansas

  1. Human Trafficking:

    Trafficking of persons: 5-11-108

  2. False Imprisonment:

    First-degree false imprisonment: 5-11-103

    (Depending on the circumstances, may be either a misdemeanor or a felony.)

  3. Kidnapping:

    Kidnapping: 5-11-102

  4. Rape and Sexual Assault:

    • Rape: 5-14-103

    • Sexual assault in the first degree: 5-14-124

    • Sexual assault in the second degree: 5-14-125

    • Sexual assault in the third degree: 5-14-126

    • Sexual assault in the fourth degree: 5-14-127

    • (Depending on the circumstances, may be either a misdemeanor or a felony.)

  5. First-Degree Homicide:

    • Capital Murder: 5-10-101

    • Murder in the first degree: 5-10-102

  6. Robbery:

    • Robbery: 5-12-102

    • Aggravated robbery: 5-12-103

  7. Fraud to Obtain Government Assistance:

    • Medicaid fraud: 5-55-102 to 111

      (Depending on the circumstances, may be either a misdemeanor or a felony.)

    • Trafficking in illegal food coupons or vouchers: 5-55-201

      (Depending on the circumstances, may be either a misdemeanor or a felony.)

    • Illegal use, transfer, acquisition, or possession of vouchers: 5-55-202

      (Depending on the circumstances, may be either a misdemeanor or a felony.)

    • Illegal presentation of food coupons or vouchers for payment: 5-55-203

      (Depending on the circumstances, may be either a misdemeanor or a felony.)

    • Knowingly making false statements to the State Department for Social Security Administration Disability Determination: 5-55-301

    • Lottery fraud: 5-55-501

  8. Fraud by Scheme:

    • Misleading and fraudulent schemes: 4-72-207

    • General Fraud Offenses: 5-37-203 to 215

      (Depending on the circumstances, may be either a misdemeanor or a felony.)

  9. Theft of Government Funds/Property:

    Theft of public benefits: 5-36-202

    (Depending on the circumstances, may be either a misdemeanor or a felony.)

  10. Abuse or Neglect:

    • Endangering welfare of an incompetent person or minor - first degree: 5-27-201, 5-27-205

    • Permitting abuse of a minor: 5-27-221

    • Domestic battering in the first degree: 5-26-303

    • Domestic battering in the second degree: 5-26-304

    • Domestic battering in the third degree: 5-26-305

      (Depending on the circumstances, may be either a misdemeanor or a felony.)

    • Aggravated assault on family or household member: 5-26-306

  11. Forgery:

    • Forgery in the first degree: 5-37-201

    • Forgery in the second degree: 5-37-201

  12. Identity Theft or Identity Fraud:

    Financial identity fraud - Non-financial identity fraud: 5-37-227

b. Louisiana

  1. Human Trafficking:

    Human trafficking: 14:46.2

  2. False Imprisonment:

    No felony statute.

  3. Kidnapping:

    • Aggravated kidnapping: 14:44

    • Second-degree kidnapping: 14.44.1

    • Aggravated kidnapping of a child: 14:44.2

    • Simple kidnapping: 14:45

      (Depending on the circumstances, may be either a misdemeanor or a felony.)

  4. Rape and Sexual Assault:

    • Aggravated rape: 14:42

    • Forcible rape: 14:42.1

    • Simple rape: 14:43

    • Sexual battery: 14:43.1

      (Depending on the circumstances, may be either a misdemeanor or a felony.)

  5. First-Degree Homicide:

    First-degree murder: 14:30

  6. Robbery:

    • Armed robbery: 14:64

    • First-degree robbery: 14:64.1

    • Second-degree robbery: 14:64.4

    • Simple robbery: 14:65

      (Depending on the circumstances, may be either a misdemeanor or a felony.)

  7. Fraud to Obtain Government Assistance:

    • Medicaid fraud: 14:70.1

      (Depending on the circumstances, may be either a misdemeanor or a felony.)

    • Attempting or aiding to obtain assistance fraudulently: 46:114.2

      (Depending on the circumstances, may be either a misdemeanor or a felony.)

    • Unauthorized participation in Medical Assistance Program: 14:126.3.1

      (Depending on the circumstances, may be either a misdemeanor or a felony.)

    • Injuring public records: 14:132

      (Depending on the circumstances, may be either a misdemeanor or a felony.)

    • Filing or maintaining false public records: 14:133

      (Depending on the circumstances, may be either a misdemeanor or a felony.)

  8. Fraud by Scheme:

    • Unauthorized use of “Access Card” as theft: 14:67.3

      (Depending on the circumstances, may be either a misdemeanor or a felony.)

    • Anti-Skimming Act: 14:67.4

      (Depending on the circumstances, may be either a misdemeanor or a felony.)

    • Credit card fraud by persons authorized to provide goods and services: 14:67.11

      (Depending on the circumstances, may be either a misdemeanor or a felony.)

    • Fraudulent acquisition of a credit card: 14:67.22

      (Depending on the circumstances, may be either a misdemeanor or a felony.)

  9. Theft of Government Funds/Property:

    Unauthorized use of food stamp coupons, food stamp authorization cards, or food stamp access devices: 14:68.2

    (Depending on the circumstances, may be either a misdemeanor or a felony.)

  10. Abuse or Neglect:

    Domestic abuse battery: 14:35.3

    (Depending on the circumstances, may be either a misdemeanor or a felony.)

  11. Forgery:

    Forgery: 14:72

    (Depending on the circumstances, may be either a misdemeanor or a felony.)

  12. Identity Theft or Identity Fraud:

    • Identity theft: 14:67.16

      (Depending on the circumstances, may be either a misdemeanor or a felony.)

    • Unlawful production, manufacturing, distribution, or possession of fraudulent documents for identification purposes: 14:70.7

      (Depending on the circumstances, may be either a misdemeanor or a felony.)

c. New Mexico

  1. Human Trafficking:

    Human trafficking: 30-52-1

  2. False Imprisonment:

    False imprisonment: 30-4-3

  3. Kidnapping:

    Kidnapping: 30-4-1

  4. Rape and Sexual Assault:

    • Criminal sexual penetration: 30-9-11

    • Criminal sexual contact: 30-9-12

      (Depending on the circumstances, may be either a misdemeanor or a felony.)

    • Criminal sexual contact of a minor: 30-9-13

  5. First-Degree Homicide:

    Murder: 30-2-1

  6. Robbery:

    Robbery: 30-16-2

  7. Fraud to Obtain Government Assistance:

    Unlawful dealing in Federal Food Coupons or WIC Checks: 30-16-7

    (Depending on the circumstances, may be either a misdemeanor or a felony.)

  8. Fraud by Scheme:

    Fraud: 30-16-6

    (Depending on the circumstances, may be either a misdemeanor or a felony.)

  9. Theft of Government Funds/Property:

    No stand-alone statute.

  10. Abuse or Neglect:

    • Aggravated assault against a household member: 30-3-13

    • Assault against a household member with intent to commit a violent felony: 30-3-14

    • Aggravated battery against a household member: 30-3-16

    • Abuse of a child: 30-6-1

    • Abandonment of dependent: 30-6-2

    • Contributing to the delinquency of minor: 30-6-3

    • Sexual exploitation of children: 30-6A-3

    • Sexual exploitation of children by prostitution: 30-6A-4

  11. Forgery:

    Forgery: 30-16-10

  12. Identity Theft or Identity Fraud:

    Theft of identity; obtaining identity by electronic fraud: 30-16-24.1

d. Oklahoma

Crimes in Oklahoma are set out in the Oklahoma Statutes. The individual title (t.) and section (§) numbers of the statutes are shown below:

  1. Human Trafficking:

    Human Trafficking for Forced Labor of Forced Sexual Exploitation: t. 21 § 748

  2. False Imprisonment:

    See bullet 3 - Kidnapping.

  3. Kidnapping:

    • Kidnapping: t. 21 § 741

    • Kidnapping for purpose of extortion: t. 21 § 745

    • Child stealing: t. 21 § 891

    • Abduction of person under 15: t. 21 § 1119

  4. Rape and Sexual Assault:

    • Rape: t. 21 § 1111

    • Rape by instrumentation: t. 21 § 1111.1

    • Forcible sodomy: t. 21 § 888

    • Sexual battery: t. 21 § 1123(B)

    • Lewd or indecent proposals or acts as to child under 16 or person believed to be under 16: t. 21 § 1123(A)

    • Child sexual abuse: t. 21 § 843.5(E) through (F)

    • Child sexual exploitation: t. 21 § 843.5(H) through (I)

  5. First-Degree Homicide:

    Murder in the first degree: t. 21 § 701.7

  6. Robbery:

    • Robbery: t. 21 § 791

    • Robbery or attempted robbery with a dangerous weapon or iitation firearm: t. 21 § 801

  7. Fraud to Obtain Government Assistance:

    • Fraud in obtaining assistance or false representation in obtaining assistance: t. 56 § 185

      (Depending on the circumstances, may be either a misdemeanor or a felony.)

    • Fraudulent receipt of assistance: t. 56 § 1005.1

      (Depending on the circumstances, may be either a misdemeanor or a felony.)

    • Food stamp fraud: t. 56 § 243

      (Depending on the circumstances, may be either a misdemeanor or a felony.)

  8. Fraud by Scheme:

    • Pyramid promotional scheme: t. 21 § 1073

    • Securities fraud: t. 71 § 101

    • Computer fraud t. 21 § 1953(A)(2)

    • False making or embossing of credit or debit card: t. 21 § 1550.27

    • Confidence game: t. 21 § 1541.1 & t. 21 § 1541.2

      (Depending on the circumstances, may be either a misdemeanor or a felony.)

    • Embezzlement: t. 21 § 1451

      (Depending on the circumstances, may be either a misdemeanor or a felony.)

  9. Theft of Government Funds/Property:

    • Embezzlement: t. 19 § 641

      (Depending on the circumstances may be either a misdemeanor or a felony.)

    • Embezzlement by officer: t. 21 § 341

    • Embezzlement (property): t. 21 § 1451(A)(4)

      (Depending on the circumstances, may be either a misdemeanor or a felony.)

    • Embezzlement (funds): t. 21 § 1451(C)

  10. Abuse or Neglect:

    • Domestic abuse: t. 21 § 644

      (Depending on the circumstances, may be either a misdemeanor or a felony.)

    • Abuse by a caretaker: t. 21 § 843.1

    • Abuse of a vulnerable adult: t. 21 § 843.3

    • Child abuse: t. 21 § 843.5

    • Neglect by a caretaker: t. 21 § 843.1

    • Neglect of a vulnerable adult: t. 21 § 843.3

    • Child neglect: t. 21 § 843.5

      (Depending on the circumstances, may be either a misdemeanor or a felony.)

  11. Forgery:

    Forgery of records: t. 21 § 1572

  12. Identity Theft or Identity Fraud:

    • Identity theft: t. 21 § 1533.1

    • Fraudulently obtaining another person’s information of financial institution: t. 21 § 1550.25

e. Texas

  1. Human Trafficking:

    • Human trafficking: 20A.02

    • Continuing trafficking of persons: 20A.03

  2. False Imprisonment:

    Unlawful restraint: 20.02

    (Depending on the circumstances, may be either a misdemeanor or a felony.)

  3. Kidnapping:

    • Kidnapping: 20.03

    • Aggravated kidnapping: 20.04

  4. Rape and Sexual Assault:

    • Sexual assault: 22.011

    • Aggravated sexual assault: 20.021

    • Continuous sexual abuse of young child or children: 21.02

    • Indecency with a child: 21.11

  5. First-Degree Homicide:

    • Murder: 19.02

    • Capital murder: 19.03

  6. Robbery:

    • Robbery: 29.02

    • Aggravated robbery: 29.03

  7. Fraud to Obtain Government Assistance:

    Medicaid fraud: 35A.02 - Felony or misdemeanor

  8. Fraud by Scheme:

    • Credit card or debit card abuse: 32.31

    • False statement to obtain property or credit or in the provision of certain services: 32.32

      (Depending on the circumstances, may be either a misdemeanor or a felony.)

    • Credit card transaction record laundering: 32.35

      (Depending on the circumstances, may be either a misdemeanor or a felony.)

  9. Theft of Government Funds/Property:

    • Theft: 31.03

      (Depending on the circumstances, may be either a misdemeanor or a felony.)

    • Abuse of official capacity: 39.02

      (Depending on the circumstances, may be either a misdemeanor or a felony.)

  10. Abuse or Neglect:

    • Injury to a child, elderly individual or disabled individual: 22.04

    • Abandoning or endangering a child: 22.041

    • Deadly conduct: 22.05

      (Depending on the circumstances, may be either a misdemeanor or a felony.)

    • Sexual performance by a child: 43.25

  11. Forgery:

    • Forgery: 32.21

      (Depending on the circumstances, may be either a misdemeanor or a felony.)

    • Securing execution of document by deception: 32.46

    • (Depending on the circumstances, may be either a misdemeanor or a felony.)

    • Fraudulent destruction, removal or concealment of writing: 32.47

      (Depending on the circumstances, may be either a misdemeanor or a felony.)

  12. Identity Theft or Identity Fraud:

    Fraudulent use or possession of identifying information: 32.51

7. Kansas City Region - Iowa, Kansas, Missouri, and Nebraska

a. Iowa

  1. Human Trafficking:

    Human trafficking: 710A.2

  2. False Imprisonment:

    Kidnapping (first, second, third degree): 710.2, 710.3, 710.4

  3. Kidnapping:

    • Kidnapping in the first degree: 710.2

    • Kidnapping in the second degree: 710.3

    • Kidnapping in the third degree: 710.4

    • Child stealing: 710.5

    • Violating custodial order: 710.6

      (Depending on the circumstances, may be either a misdemeanor or a felony.)

  4. Rape and Sexual Assault:

    • Sexual abuse in the first degree: 709.2

    • Sexual abuse in the second degree: 709.3

    • Sexual abuse in the third degree: 709.4

    • Lascivious acts with a child: 709.8

    • Sexual exploitation by a counselor, therapist or school employee: 709.15 (felony or misdemeanor)

  5. First-Degree Homicide:

    Murder in the 1st degree: 707.2

  6. Robbery:

    • Robbery in the first degree: 711.2

    • Robbery in the second degree: 711.3

    • Extortion: 711.4

  7. Fraud to Obtain Government Assistance:

    • Fraudulent practices relating to food programs: 234.13

      (Depending on the circumstances, may be either a misdemeanor or a felony.)

    • Unemployment compensation offenses: 96.16

      (Depending on the circumstances, may be either a misdemeanor or a felony.)

    • State supplementary assistance fraud: 249.11

      (Depending on the circumstances, may be either a misdemeanor or a felony.)

  8. Fraud by Scheme:

    • Fraudulent practice in the first degree: 714.9

    • Fraudulent practice in the second degree: 714.10

  9. Theft of Government Funds/Property:

    No stand-alone statute.

  10. Abuse or Neglect:

    • Domestic abuse assault (third-degree offense): 708.2A

      (Depending on the circumstances, may be either a misdemeanor or a felony.)

    • Dependent adult abuse: 235B.2, 235B.20

    • (Depending on the circumstances, may be either a misdemeanor or a felony.)

    • Child abuse: 232.68

    • Child endangerment: 726.6, 726.6A

      (Depending on the circumstances, may be either a misdemeanor or a felony.)

    • Incest: 726.2

    • Sexual exploitation of a minor: 728.12

    • Neglect or abandonment of a dependent person: 726.3

    • Wanton neglect of a resident of a health care facility: 726.7

      (Depending on the circumstances, may be either a misdemeanor or a felony.)

    • Wanton neglect or nonsupport of a dependent adult: 726.8

      (Depending on the circumstances, may be either a misdemeanor or a felony.)

  11. Forgery:

    Forgery: 715A.2

  12. Identity Theft or Identity Fraud:

    Identity theft: 715A.8

    (Depending on the circumstances, may be either a misdemeanor or a felony.)

b. Kansas

  1. Human Trafficking:

    Human trafficking/aggravated human trafficking: 21-5426

  2. False Imprisonment:

    See Kidnapping.

  3. Kidnapping:

    Kidnapping: 21-5408

  4. Rape and Sexual Assault:

    • Rape: 21-5503

    • Criminal sodomy/aggravated criminal sodomy: 21-5504

      (Depending on the circumstances, may be either a misdemeanor or a felony.)

    • Aggravated sexual battery: 21-5505

    • Indecent liberties with a child/aggravated indecent liberties with a child: 21-5506

  5. First-Degree Homicide:

    • Murder in the first degree: 21-5402

    • Capital murder: 21-5401

  6. Robbery:

    Robbery/aggravated robbery: 21-5420

  7. Fraud to Obtain Government Assistance:

    Penalty relating to fraudulent acts/theft: 39-720

    (Depending on the circumstances, may be either a misdemeanor or a felony.)

  8. Fraud by Scheme:

    • Forgery: 21-5823

    • False writing: 21-5824

    • Impairing a security interest: 21-5830

      (Depending on the circumstances, may be either a misdemeanor or a felony.)

    • Warehouse receipt fraud: 21-5831

  9. Theft of Government Funds/Property:

    Theft: 21-5801 – Felony or misdemeanor

  10. Abuse or Neglect:

    • Mistreatment of a dependent adult: 21-5417

      (Depending on the circumstances, may be either a misdemeanor or a felony.)

    • Abuse of a child: 21-5602

    • Contributing to a child’s misconduct or deprivation: 21-5603

      (Depending on the circumstances, may be either a misdemeanor or a felony.)

  11. Forgery:

    Forgery: 21-5823

  12. Identity Theft or Identity Fraud:

    • Identity theft; identity fraud: 21-6107

    • Dealing in false identification documents; vital records identity fraud: 21-5918

c. Missouri

  1. Human Trafficking:

    • Sexual trafficking of a child under age 12: 566.213

    • Sexual trafficking of a child: 566.212

    • Trafficking for the purpose of slavery, involuntary servitude, peonage, or forced labor: 566.206

    • Trafficking for the purposes of sexual exploitation: 566.209

    • Abusing an individual through forced labor: 566.203

    • Contributing to human trafficking: 566.215

  2. False Imprisonment:

    False imprisonment: 565.130

    (Depending on the circumstances, may be either a misdemeanor or a felony.)

  3. Kidnapping:

    • Kidnapping: 565.110

    • Child kidnapping: 565.115

    • Parental kidnapping 565.153

  4. Rape and Sexual Assault:

    • First-degree rape and attempted first-degree rape: 566.030

    • Statutory rape and attempt to commit, first degree: 566.032

    • Sexual assault: 566.040

    • Statutory sodomy, second degree: 566.064

    • First-degree sodomy: 566.060

    • Statutory sodomy and attempt to commit, first degree: 566.062

    • Deviate sexual assault: 566.070

  5. First-Degree Homicide:

    Murder in the first degree: 565.020

  6. Robbery:

    • Robbery in the first degree: 569.020

    • Robbery in the second degree: 569.030

    • Pharmacy robbery in the first degree: 569.025

    • Pharmacy robbery in the second degree: 569.035

  7. Fraud to Obtain Government Assistance:

    • Unlawful acts—fraudulent claims—compensation obligations—misrepresentation—failure to insure--reports: 287.128

      (Depending on the circumstances, may be either a misdemeanor or a felony.)

    • Fraud/misrepresentation related to employment security benefits: 288.395

      (Depending on the circumstances, may be either a misdemeanor or a felony.)

    • Unlawfully obtaining public assistance benefits: 205.967

      (Depending on the circumstances, may be either a misdemeanor or a felony.)

    • Unlawful receipt, conversion or transfer of food stamps/ATP card: 578.377, 578.379, 578.381

      (Depending on the circumstances, may be either a misdemeanor or a felony.)

    • Perjury in application for public assistance: 578.385

      (Depending on the circumstances, may be either a misdemeanor or a felony.)

    • Violations in obtaining public assistance (3rd offense): 578.389

      (Depending on the circumstances, may be either a misdemeanor or a felony.)

  8. Fraud by Scheme:

    • Financial exploitation of an elderly/disabled person: 570.145

      (Depending on the circumstances, may be either a misdemeanor or a felony.)

    • Fraudulently pledging or selling property: 367.045

      (Depending on the circumstances, may be either a misdemeanor or a felony.)

    • Mortgage fraud: 570.310

    • Engaging in pyramid sales schemes: 407.405, 407.420

    • Lien fraud: 429.014

      (Depending on the circumstances, may be either a misdemeanor or a felony.)

  9. Theft of Government Funds/Property:

    No stand-alone provision.

  10. Abuse or Neglect:

    • Elder abuse in the first degree: 565.180

    • Elder abuse in the second degree: 565.182

    • Abuse or neglect of a child: 568.060

    • Endangering the welfare of a child in the second degree: 568.050

      (Depending on the circumstances, may be either a misdemeanor or a felony.)

    • Endangering the welfare of a child in the first degree: 568.045

  11. Forgery:

    Forgery: 570.090

  12. Identity Theft or Identity Fraud:

    Identity theft: 570.223

    (Depending on the circumstances, may be either a misdemeanor or a felony.)

d. Nebraska

  1. Human Trafficking:

    Human trafficking/force labor or service: 28-831

    (Depending on the circumstances, may be either a misdemeanor or a felony.)

  2. False Imprisonment:

    False imprisonment in the first degree: 28-314

  3. Kidnapping:

    Kidnapping: 28-313

  4. Rape and Sexual Assault:

    • Sexual assault; first degree: 28-319

    • Sexual assault; second or third degree: 28-320

      (Depending on the circumstances, may be either a misdemeanor or a felony.)

  5. First-Degree Homicide:

    Murder in the first degree: 28-303

  6. Robbery:

    Robbery: 28-324

  7. Fraud to Obtain Government Assistance:

    Assistance violations: 68-1017

    (Depending on the circumstances, may be either a misdemeanor or a felony.)

  8. Fraud by Scheme:

    Theft by deception: 28-512, 28-518

    (Depending on the circumstances, may be either a misdemeanor or a felony.)

  9. Theft of Government Funds/Property:

    • Theft by unlawful taking or disposition: 28-511

      (Depending on the circumstances, may be either a misdemeanor or a felony.)

    • Theft by deception: 28-512

      (Depending on the circumstances, may be either a misdemeanor or a felony.)

    • Theft by extortion: 28-513

      (Depending on the circumstances, may be either a misdemeanor or a felony.)

    • Unauthorized use of a propelled vehicle: 28-516

      (Depending on the circumstances, may be either a misdemeanor or a felony.)

  10. Abuse or Neglect:

    • Knowing and intentional abuse, neglect or exploitation of a vulnerable adult: 28-386

    • Child abuse: 28.707

      (Depending on the circumstances, may be either a misdemeanor or a felony.)

  11. Forgery:

    • Forgery, first degree: 28-602

    • Forgery, second degree: 28-603

      (Depending on the circumstances, may be either a misdemeanor or a felony.)

  12. Identity Theft or Identity Fraud:

    • Identity theft: 28-639

      (Depending on the circumstances, may be either a misdemeanor or a felony.)

    • Identity fraud: 28-640

      (Depending on the circumstances, may be either a misdemeanor or a felony.)

8. Denver Region - Colorado, Montana, North Dakota, South Dakota, Utah and Wyoming

a. Colorado

  1. Human Trafficking:

    • Trafficking in adults: 18-3-501

    • Trafficking in children: 18-3-502

    • Coercion of involuntary servitude: 18-3-503

  2. False Imprisonment:

    False imprisonment: 18-3-303

    (Depending on the circumstances, may be either a misdemeanor or a felony.)

  3. Kidnapping:

    • First-degree kidnapping: 18-3-301

    • Second-degree kidnapping: 18-3-302

  4. Rape and Sexual Assault:

    • Sexual assault: 18-3-402

      (Depending on the circumstances, may be either a misdemeanor or a felony.)

    • Unlawful sexual contact: 18-3-404

      (Depending on the circumstances, may be either a misdemeanor or a felony.)

    • Sexual assault on a child: 18-3-405

    • Sexual assault on a child by one in a position of trust: 18-3-405.3

    • Sexual exploitation of a child: 18-6-403

    • Internet sexual exploitation of a child: 18-3-405.4

    • Aggravated sexual assault on a client by a psychotherapist: 18-3-405.5

      (Depending on the circumstances, may be either a misdemeanor or a felony.)

    • Invasion of privacy for sexual gratification: 18-3-405.6

      (Depending on the circumstances, may be either a misdemeanor or a felony.)

    • Procurement of a child for sexual exploitation: 18-6-404

  5. First-Degree Homicide:

    • Murder in the first degree: 18-3-102

    • First-degree murder of a peace officer or firefighter: 18-3-107

  6. Robbery:

    • Robbery: 18-4-301

    • Aggravated robbery: 18-4-302

    • Aggravated robbery of controlled substances: 18-4-303

  7. Fraud to Obtain Government Assistance:

    No stand-alone statute.

  8. Fraud by Scheme:

    • Criminal impersonation: 18-5-113

    • Offering a false instrument for recording: 18-5-114 (can be a felony or a misdemeanor)

    • Controlled substances—inducing consumption by fraudulent means: 18-5-116

    • Fraud by check: 18-5-205

      (Depending on the circumstances, may be either a misdemeanor or a felony.)

    • Defrauding a secured creditor or debtor: 18-5-206

      (Depending on the circumstances, may be either a misdemeanor or a felony.)

    • Issuing a false financial statement—obtaining a financial transaction device by false statements: 18-5-209

      (Depending on the circumstances, may be either a misdemeanor or a felony.)

    • Receiving deposits in a failing financial institution: 18-5-210

    • Unlawful activity concerning the selling of land: 18-5-302

      (Depending on the circumstances, may be either a misdemeanor or a felony.)

    • Money laundering—illegal investments: 18-5-309

  9. Theft of Government Funds/Property:

    No stand-alone statute.

  10. Abuse or Neglect:

    • Child abuse: 18-6-401

      (Depending on the circumstances, may be either a misdemeanor or a felony.)

    • Crimes against at-risk adults and at-risk juveniles—classifications: 18-6.5-103

  11. Forgery:

    • Forgery in the first degree: 18-5-102

    • Criminal possession of a forged instrument: 18-5-105

    • Criminal possession of forgery devices: 18-5-706

  12. Identity Theft or Identity Fraud:

    • Identity theft: 18-5-902

    • Criminal possession of a financial device: 18-5-903

    • Criminal possession of an identification document: 903.5

    • Possession of identity theft tools: 18-5-905

    • Gathering identity information by deception: 18-5-904

b. Montana

  1. Human Trafficking:

    Trafficking of persons for involuntary servitude: 45-5-306

  2. False Imprisonment:

    Custodial interference: 45-5-304

  3. Kidnapping:

    • Kidnapping: 45-5-302

    • Aggravated kidnapping: 45-5-303

  4. Rape and Sexual Assault:

    • Sexual intercourse without consent: 45-5-503(2), 45-5-503(3), 45-5-503(4)

    • Sexual assault: 45-5-502

      (Depending on the circumstances, may be either a misdemeanor or a felony.)

    • Sexual abuse of a child: 45-5-625

  5. First-Degree Homicide:

    • Deliberate homicide: 45-5-102

    • Mitigated deliberate homicide: 45-5-103

  6. Robbery:

    Robbery: 45-5-401

  7. Fraud to Obtain Government Assistance:

    No stand-alone statute.

  8. Fraud by Scheme:

    • Forgery as part of a common scheme: 45-6-325(4)

    • Telemarketing fraud: 30-14-1414

    • Medicaid fraud: 45-6-313(4)(d)

  9. Theft of Government Funds/Property:

    No stand-alone statute.

  10. Abuse or Neglect:

    • Purposeful or knowing abuse, sexual abuse or neglect of an older person or person with a developmental disability: 52-3-825(2)(a)

    • Sexual abuse of children: 45-5-625

  11. Forgery:

    Forgery: 45-6-325

    (Depending on the circumstances, may be either a misdemeanor or a felony.)

  12. Identity Theft or Identity Fraud:

    Theft of identity: 45-6-332

    (Depending on the circumstances, may be either a misdemeanor or a felony.)

c. North Dakota

  1. Human Trafficking:

    Human trafficking: 12.1-40-01

  2. False Imprisonment:

    No felony statute.

  3. Kidnapping:

    • Kidnapping: 12.1-18-01

    • Felonious restraint: 12.1-18-02

  4. Rape and Sexual Assault:

    • Sexual imposition: 12.1-20-04

    • Sexual exploitation by a therapist: 12.1-20-06.1

    • Sexual assault: 12.1-20-07

      (Depending on the circumstances, may be either a misdemeanor or a felony.)

    • Gross sexual imposition: 12.1-20-03

    • Sexual assault of a ward: 12.1-20-06

  5. First-Degree Homicide:

    Murder: 12.1-16-01

  6. Robbery:

    Robbery: 12.1-22-01

  7. Fraud to Obtain Government Assistance:

    No stand-alone statute.

  8. Fraud by Scheme:

    • Computer fraud with intent to devise or execute a scheme to defraud or deceive: 12.1-06-08

    • Employment of a scheme or device to defraud in connection with the offer or sale of any franchise: 51-19-14

  9. Theft of Government Funds/Property:

    Theft: 12.1-23-05(2)(b), 12.1-23-05(2)(c), 12.1-23-05(2)(e)

  10. Abuse or Neglect:

    • Abuse: 14-09-22

    • Sexual abuse of a ward: 12.1-20-06

  11. Forgery:

    • Forgery: 12.1-24-01

      (Depending on the circumstances, may be either a misdemeanor or a felony.)

    • Tampering with public records: 12.1-11-05

      (Depending on the circumstances, may be either a misdemeanor or a felony.)

  12. Identity Theft or Identity Fraud:

    Identity theft: 12.1-23-11(2)

d. South Dakota

  1. Human Trafficking:

    • Human trafficking: 22-49-1

    • First-degree human trafficking: 22-49-2

    • Second-degree human trafficking: 22-49-3

  2. False Imprisonment:

    No felony statute.

  3. Kidnapping:

    • Kidnapping—aggravated kidnapping in the first degree: 22-19-1

    • Kidnapping in the second degree: 2219-1.1

    • Enticing a child under the age of 16: 22-19-7.1

      (Depending on the circumstances, may be either a misdemeanor or a felony.)

    • Substitution of infant with intent to deceive: 22-19-8

    • Taking, enticing away or keeping of unmarried child by parent: 22-19-9

      (Depending on the circumstances, may be either a misdemeanor or a felony.)

    • Removal of child from state: 22-19-10

  4. Rape and Sexual Assault:

    • Rape: 22-22-1

    • Sexual assault: 22-22-7

      (Depending on the circumstances, may be either a misdemeanor or a felony.)

    • Sexual contact with person incapable of consenting: 22-22-7.2

    • Sexual act with detainees by juvenile correctional facility employee: 22-22-7.6

    • Sexual exploitation of a minor: 22-22-24.3

    • Sexual contact by a psychotherapist: 22-22-28

    • Sexual penetration by a psychotherapist: 22-22-29

    • Bestiality: 22-22-42

  5. First-Degree Homicide:

    Murder in the first degree: 22-16-4, 22-16-12

  6. Robbery:

    Robbery: 22-30-6, 22-30-7

  7. Fraud to Obtain Government Assistance:

    No stand-alone felony statute.

  8. Fraud by Scheme:

    Franchise investment fraud: 37-5B-24

  9. Theft of Government Funds/Property:

    Use of false instrument to obtain public funds: 4-9-5, 22-30A-17

  10. Abuse or Neglect:

    • Abuse of or cruelty to minor: 26-10-1

    • Abuse or neglect of elder or adult with a disability: 22-46-2

  11. Forgery:

    • Forgery: 22-39-36

    • Possessing a forged instrument: 22-39-38

    • Alteration or forgery of a motor vehicle certificate of title: 32-3-15

    • Alteration or forgery of a boat title: 32-3A-43

    • Making or possessing forgery or counterfeiting devices: 22-40-15

    • Obtaining possession of controlled substance by theft, misrepresentation, forgery or fraud: 22-42-8

    • Forgery, alteration or misrepresentation of inspection certificate, market clearance, bill of sale or permit: 40-21-21

    • Forgery or alteration of an aviation permit: 50-11-33

  12. Identity Theft or Identity Fraud:

    Identity theft: 22-40-8

e. Utah

  1. Human Trafficking:

    • Human trafficking: 76-5-308

    • Human smuggling: 76-5-309

    • Aggravated human trafficking and human smuggling: 76-5-310

  2. False Imprisonment:

    No stand-alone felony statute.

  3. Kidnapping:

    • Kidnapping: 76-5-301

    • Child kidnapping: 76-5-301.1

    • Aggravated kidnapping: 76-5-302

  4. Rape and Sexual Assault:

    • Rape: 76-5-402

    • Unlawful sexual activity with a minor: 76-5-401

      (Depending on the circumstances, may be either a misdemeanor or a felony.)

    • Rape of a child: 76-5-402.1

    • Object rape: 76-5-402.2

    • Object rape of a child: 76-5-402.3

    • Forcible sodomy: 76-5-403

    • Sodomy on a child: 76-5-403.1

    • Aggravated sexual assault: 76-5-405

    • Forcible sexual abuse: 76-5-404

    • Sexual abuse of a child: 76-5-404.1

    • Aggravated sexual abuse of a child; 76-5-404.1

  5. First-Degree Homicide

    Murder: 76-5-203

  6. Robbery:

    • Robbery: 76-6-301

    • Aggravated robbery: 76-6-302

  7. Fraud to Obtain Government Assistance:

    • Unemployment insurance fraud: 76-8-1301

      (Depending on the circumstances, may be either a misdemeanor or a felony.)

    • Public assistance fraud: 76-8-1205, 76-8-1206

      (Depending on the circumstances, may be either a misdemeanor or a felony.)

  8. Fraud by Scheme:

    • Wrongful liens and fraudulent handling of recordable writings: 76-6-503.5

    • Issuing a bad check or draft: 76-6-505

      (Depending on the circumstances, may be either a misdemeanor or a felony.)

    • Financial transaction card offenses—unlawful acquisition, possession, or transfer of card: 76-6-506.3

    • Financial transaction card offenses—unlawful use of card—false application for card: 76-6-506.2

      (Depending on the circumstances, may be either a misdemeanor or a felony.)

    • Financial transaction card offenses—unauthorized factoring of credit card sales drafts: 76-6-506.6

      (Depending on the circumstances, may be either a misdemeanor or a felony.)

    • Obtaining encoded information on a financial transaction card with the intent to defraud the issuer, holder, or merchant: 76-6-506.7

    • Acceptance of deposit by insolvent financial institution: 76-6-512

    • Unlawful dealing of property by a fiduciary: 76-6-513

      (Depending on the circumstances, may be either a misdemeanor or a felony.)

    • Criminal simulation: 76-6-518

      (Depending on the circumstances, may be either a misdemeanor or a felony.)

    • Fraudulent insurance act: 76-6-521

      (Depending on the circumstances, may be either a misdemeanor or a felony.)

    • Communications fraud: 76-10-1801

    • Equity skimming of a vehicle: 76-6-522

    • Obstruction of the leasing of real property for natural resource or agricultural production: 76-6-523

    • Mortgage fraud: 76-6-1203

      (Depending on the circumstances, may be either a misdemeanor or a felony.)

    • Possession, sale, or use of automated sales suppression device unlawful: 76-6-1303

    • Operation of a pyramid scheme: 76-6a-4(1)

  9. Theft of Government Funds/Property:

    No stand-alone statute.

  10. Abuse or Neglect:

    • Child abuse: 76-5-109

      (Depending on the circumstances, may be either a misdemeanor or a felony.)

    • Commission of domestic violence in the presence of a child: 76-5-109.1

    • Abuse or neglect of a child with a disability: 76-5-110

      (Depending on the circumstances, may be either a misdemeanor or a felony.)

    • Child abandonment: 76-5-109

      (Depending on the circumstances, may be either a misdemeanor or a felony.)

  11. Forgery:

    • Forgery: 76-6-501

    • Possession of forged writing: 76-6-502

  12. Identity Theft or Identity Fraud:

    • Identity fraud: 76-6-1102

    • Producing false identification: 76-6-501

f. Wyoming

  1. Human Trafficking:

    No stand-alone statute.

  2. False Imprisonment:

    No stand-alone felony statute.

  3. Kidnapping:

    • Kidnapping: 6-2-201

    • Felonious restraint: 6-2-202

    • Interference with custody: 6-2-204

  4. Rape and Sexual Assault:

    • Sexual assault in the first degree: 6-2-302

    • Sexual assault in the second degree: 6-2-303

    • Sexual assault in the third degree: 6-2-304

    • Sexual abuse of a minor in the first degree: 6-2-314

    • Sexual abuse of a minor in the second degree: 6-2-315

    • Sexual abuse of a minor in the third degree: 6-2-316

    • Sexual abuse of a minor in the fourth degree: 6-2-317

    • Soliciting to engage in illicit sexual relations: 6-2-318

  5. First-Degree Homicide:

    Murder in the first degree: 6-2-101

  6. Robbery:

    Robbery and aggravated robbery: 6-2-401

  7. Fraud to Obtain Government Assistance:

    Fraud against testamentary instruments and government record: 6-3-604

  8. Fraud by Scheme:

    • Obtaining property by false pretenses: 6-3-407

      (Depending on the circumstances, may be either a misdemeanor or a felony.)

    • Theft of services: 6-3-308

      (Depending on the circumstances, may be either a misdemeanor or a felony.)

    • Defrauding creditors: 6-3-307

      (Depending on the circumstances, may be either a misdemeanor or a felony.)

    • False written statements to obtain property or credit: 6-3-612

      (Depending on the circumstances, may be either a misdemeanor or a felony.)

    • False representations of value of shares, bonds, or property: 6-3-613

    • Fraud by check: 6-3-702

      (Depending on the circumstances, may be either a misdemeanor or a felony.)

    • Unlawful use of credit card: 6-3-802

      (Depending on the circumstances, may be either a misdemeanor or a felony.)

    • Unlawful skimming of credit, debit or other electronic payment cards: 6-3-803

  9. Theft of Government Funds/Property:

    No stand-alone statute.

  10. Abuse or Neglect:

    • Child abuse and aggravated child abuse: 6-2-503

    • Abuse, neglect, abandonment, intimidation or exploitation of a vulnerable adult: 6-2-507

    • Endangering children, controlled substances: 6-4-405

    • Abandoning or endangering children: 6-4-403

      (Depending on the circumstances, may be either a misdemeanor or a felony.)

  11. Forgery:

    • Forgery: 6-3-602

      (Depending on the circumstances, may be either a misdemeanor or a felony.)

    • Possession of a forged writings or forgery devices: 6-3-603

  12. Identity Theft or Identity Fraud:

    Unauthorized use of personal identifying information: 6-3-901

    (Depending on the circumstances, may be either a misdemeanor or a felony.)

9. San Francisco Region - Arizona, California, Nevada & Hawaii and the territories of Guam, American Samoa, & Saipan

a. American Samoa

Crimes in American Samoa are codified in Title 46 of the American Samoa Code.

  1. Human Trafficking:

    See False Imprisonment.

  2. False Imprisonment:

    • Felonious restraint: 46.3532

    • False imprisonment: 46.3533

      (Depending on the circumstances, may be either a misdemeanor or a felony.)

  3. Kidnapping:

    Kidnapping: 46.3531

  4. Rape and Sexual Assault:

    • Rape: 46.3604

    • Sodomy: 46.3611

    • Sexual assault: 46.3610

    • Deviate sexual Assault: 46.3612

    • Sexual abuse in the first degree: 46.3615

    • Child molesting: 46.3618

  5. First-Degree Homicide:

    Murder in the first degree: 46.3502

  6. Robbery:

    • Robbery in the first degree: 46.4002

    • Robbery in the second degree: 46.4003

  7. Fraud to Obtain Government Assistance:

    • Violations: 46.4901

      (Depending on the circumstances, may be either a misdemeanor or a felony.)

    • Administrative malfeasance: 46.4902

      (Depending on the circumstances, may be either a misdemeanor or a felony.)

  8. Fraud by Scheme:

    • Fraudulent use of a credit device: 46.4119

      (Depending on the circumstances, may be either a misdemeanor or a felony.)

    • Defrauding secured creditors: 46.4128

      (Depending on the circumstances, may be either a misdemeanor or a felony.)

    • Criminal fraud: 46.4129

  9. Theft of Government Funds/Property:

    No stand-alone statute.

  10. Abuse or Neglect:

    • Abuse of a Child: 46.3811

    • Abandonment of Child: 46.3805

  11. Forgery:

    • Forgery: 46.4115

    • Possession of a Forging Instrumentality: 46.4116

    • Fraudulent use of a Credit Device: 46.4119

      (Depending on the circumstances, may be either a misdemeanor or a felony.)

  12. Identity Theft or Identity Fraud:

    No stand-alone statute.

b. Arizona

Crimes in Arizona are codified in Title 13 of the Arizona Revised Statutes. Some crimes in Arizona are classified as felonies but carry punishments of less than one year imprisonment. Based on the opinion from the Regional Chief Counsel, we included only felonies categorized as class one through four, as those felonies are punishable by more than one year imprisonment.

  1. Human Trafficking:

    • Sex trafficking: 13-1307

    • Trafficking of persons for forced labor or services: 13-1308

    • Participating in or assisting a human smuggling organization: 13-2323

  2. False Imprisonment:

    Unlawfully obtaining labor or services: 13-1306

  3. Kidnapping:

    Kidnapping: 13-1304

  4. Rape and Sexual Assault:

    • Sexual abuse: 13-1404

    • Sexual conduct with a minor: 13-1405

    • Sexual assault: 13-1406

    • Unlawful sexual conduct, adult probation department employees and juvenile court employees: 13-1409

    • Unlawful sexual conduct, correctional facilities: 13-1419

    • Violent sexual assault: 13-1423

  5. First-Degree Homicide:

    First-degree murder: 13-1105

  6. Robbery:

    • Robbery: 13-1902

    • Aggravated robbery: 13-1903

    • Armed robbery: 13-1904

  7. Fraud to Obtain Government Assistance:

    Fraudulent schemes and practices; willful concealment: 13-2311

  8. Fraud by Scheme:

    • Credit card transaction record theft: 13-2109

      (Depending on the circumstances, may be a felony or a misdemeanor. May also be a class 2, 3, or 4 felony (exclude) or a class 5 or 6 felony (do not exclude).)

    • Fraudulent schemes and artifices: 13-2310

    • Residential mortgage fraud: 13-2320

    • Money laundering: 13-2317

      (Depending on the circumstances, may be a class 2 or 3 felony (exclude) or a class 6 felony (do not exclude).)

    • Unlawful possession of an access device: 13-2316.01

      (Depending on the circumstances, may be a class 4 felony (exclude) or a class 5 or 6 felony (do not exclude).)

  9. Theft of Government Funds/Property:

    No stand-alone felony statute above class 5 felony.

  10. Abuse or Neglect:

    • Molestation of a Child: 13-1410

    • Continuous sexual abuse of a child: 13-1417

    • Commercial sexual exploitation of a minor: 13-3552

    • Sexual exploitation of a minor: 13-3553

    • Luring a minor for sexual exploitation: 13-3554

    • Aggravated luring a minor for sexual exploitation: 13-3560

    • Child or vulnerable adult abuse; emotional abuse: 13-3623

      (Depending on the circumstances, may be a class 2, 3, or 4 felony (exclude). May also be a class 5 or 6 felony (do not exclude).)

  11. Forgery:

    • Forgery: 13-2002

    • Forgery of credit card: 13-2104

  12. Identity Theft or Identity Fraud:

    • Taking identity of another person or entity; knowingly accepting identity of another person: 13-2008

    • Aggravated taking identity of another person or entity: 13-2009

    • Trafficking in the identity of another person or entity: 13-2010

c. California

Crimes in California are codified in the California Penal Code. The headings of each statute are provided by West’s Annotated California Penal Code, not the California Legislature.

  1. Human Trafficking:

    Human trafficking: 236.1

  2. False Imprisonment:

    • False imprisonment: 236, 237

      (Depending on the circumstances, may be either a misdemeanor or a felony.)

    • False imprisonment of hostages: 210.5

    • False imprisonment of an elder or a dependent adult: 237(b)/368(f)

  3. Kidnapping:

    • Kidnapping: 207, 208

    • Kidnapping for ransom, reward, extortion, or to commit robbery or rape: 209

    • Kidnapping during commission of carjacking: 209.5

    • Extortion by posing as kidnapper or by claiming ability to obtain release of victim: 210

  4. Rape and Sexual Assault:

    • Rape: 261

    • Unlawful sexual intercourse with a minor: 261.5

      (Depending on the circumstances, may be either a misdemeanor or a felony.)

    • Rape of a spouse: 262

    • Aiding and abetting rape: 264.1

    • Rape or penetration of genital or anal openings by foreign object, etc.; acting in concert by force or violence: 264.1

    • Sexual battery: 243.4

      (Depending on the circumstances, may be either a misdemeanor or a felony.)

    • Unlawful sexual intercourse with consent procured by false or fraudulent misrepresentation with intent to create fear: 266c

      (Depending on the circumstances, may be either a misdemeanor or a felony.)

    • Sexual battery: 243.4

      (Depending on the circumstances, may be either a misdemeanor or a felony.)

    • Aggravated sexual assault of a child: 269

    • Forcible acts of sexual penetration: 289

  5. First-Degree Homicide:

    Murder of the first degree: 187, 189, 190

  6. Robbery:

    • Robbery: 211, 212.5, 213

    • Train Robbery: 214

    • Carjacking: 215

  7. Fraud to Obtain Government Assistance:

    • Fraudulent access to government benefits: 10980

      (Depending on the circumstances, may be either a misdemeanor or a felony.)

    • Fraudulently applying for multiple entitlements: 11482.5

    • Fraud in obtaining aid: 11483

    • Fraudulently obtaining multiple entitlements: 11483.5

    • False declarations of eligibility for health care: 14014

    • Fraudulent claims for health care services: 14107

  8. Fraud by Scheme:

    • Elder fraud: 368(d), 368(e)

      (Depending on the circumstances, may be either a misdemeanor or a felony.)

    • Unauthorized access to computers, computer systems, and computer data: 502

      (Depending on the circumstances, may be either a misdemeanor or a felony.)

    • Mortgage fraud: 532f

      (Depending on the circumstances, may be either a misdemeanor or a felony.)

    • Insurance fraud: 548

    • Insurance fraud (submitting false or fraudulent claims): 549

      (Depending on the circumstances, may be either a misdemeanor or a felony.)

    • Insurance fraud (fraudulent compensation): 1871.4

      (Depending on the circumstances, may be either a misdemeanor or a felony.)

  9. Theft of Government Funds/Property:

    No stand-alone statute.

  10. Abuse or Neglect:

    • Willful harm or injury to a child: 273a

      (Depending on the circumstances, may be either a misdemeanor or a felony.)

    • Assault resulting in death, comatose state, or paralysis of a child under 8: 278ab

    • Corporal punishment or injury of child: 273d

    • Female genital mutilation: 273.4

    • Willful infliction of corporal injury: 273.5

      (Depending on the circumstances, may be either a misdemeanor or a felony.)

    • Elder abuse: 368

      (Depending on the circumstances, may be either a misdemeanor or a felony.)

    • Failure to provide: 270

      (Depending on the circumstances, may be either a misdemeanor or a felony.)

    • Desertion of child under 14 with intent to abandon: 271

      (Depending on the circumstances, may be either a misdemeanor or a felony.)

    • Abandonment or failure to maintain child under 14: 271a

      (Depending on the circumstances, may be either a misdemeanor or a felony.)

    • Elder neglect: 368

      (Depending on the circumstances, may be either a misdemeanor or a felony.)

  11. Forgery:

    • Forgery; signatures or seals; corruption of records: 470

      (Depending on the circumstances, may be either a misdemeanor or a felony.)

    • Forgery; false entries in records or returns: 471

      (Depending on the circumstances, may be either a misdemeanor or a felony.)

    • Forgery or counterfeiting of seals; possession and concealment of counterfeited seal: 472

      (Depending on the circumstances, may be either a misdemeanor or a felony.)

    • Forgery: 473

      (Depending on the circumstances, may be either a misdemeanor or a felony.)

    • Forgery; possession or receipt of items; intent to defraud: 475

      (Depending on the circumstances, may be either a misdemeanor or a felony.)

    • Forgery; fictitious or altered bills, notes, or checks: 476

      (Depending on the circumstances, may be either a misdemeanor or a felony.)

    • Counterfeiting coin, bullion, nuggets, etc.; uttering or passing counterfeited items: 477

    • Counterfeiting: 478

    • Counterfeit coin, bullion, etc.; possession or receipt: 479

    • Counterfeiting; making or possessing dies, plates, etc.: 480

    • Railroad or steamship tickets; counterfeiting, forging, or altering; uttering; intent to defraud: 481

    • Deceptive identification documents: 483.5(a)

      (Depending on the circumstances, can be a felony or a misdemeanor.)

    • Manufacture, distribution, or sale of false citizenship or resident alien documents: 113

    • Campaign advertisements; use of unauthorized signatures: 115.1

      (Depending on the circumstances, may be a felony or a misdemeanor.)

    • Filing false or forged documents relating to single family residences; punishment; false statement to notary public: 115.5

    • Tampering with jury list; destruction of jury box of contents; adding, deleting, or changing names: 116

  12. Identity Theft or Identity Fraud:

    • Identity theft: 530.5

      (Depending on the circumstances, may be either a misdemeanor or a felony.)

    • Identity theft against an elder or dependent adult: 368

      (Depending on the circumstances, may be either a misdemeanor or a felony.)

    • False financial statements for credit purposes: 532a

d. Guam

Crimes in Guam are codified in Title 9 of the Guam Code Annotated.

  1. Human Trafficking:

    • Trafficking in persons: 26.02(a)

    • Sexual servitude of a minor: 26.06(b)

    • Involuntary servitude: 26.06(c)

  2. False Imprisonment:

    No stand-alone statute.

  3. Kidnapping:

    • Kidnapping: 22.20

    • Felonious restraint: 22.30

    • Child stealing: 22.40

    • Custodial interference in the first degree: 22.50(a), 22.50(b)

  4. Rape and Sexual Assault:

    • Criminal sexual conduct of the first degree: 25.15

    • Criminal sexual conduct of the second degree: 25.20

    • Criminal sexual conduct of the third degree: 25.25

    • Criminal sexual conduct of the fourth degree: 25.30

      (Depending on the circumstances, may be either a misdemeanor or a felony.)

    • Assault with intent to commit criminal sexual conduct: 25.35

  5. First-Degree Homicide:

    Aggravated murder: 16.30

  6. Robbery:

    • Robbery in the first degree: 40.10

    • Robbery in the second degree: 40.20

    • Robbery in the third degree: 40.30

  7. Fraud to Obtain Government Assistance:

    Frauds; penalties: 2107(a)

  8. Fraud by Scheme:

    • Tampering with recordable documents: 46.20

    • Issuance of dishonored checks: 46.30

      (Depending on the circumstances, may be either a misdemeanor or a felony.)

    • Fraudulent use of credit cards: 46.35

      (Depending on the circumstances, may be either a misdemeanor or a felony.)

    • Defrauding creditors: 46.55

      (Depending on the circumstances, may be either a misdemeanor or a felony.)

    • Mortgage fraud: 46.103

      (Depending on the circumstances, may be either a misdemeanor or a felony.)

  9. Theft of Government Funds/Property:

    Crime against the community: 43.31

    (Depending on the circumstances, may be either a misdemeanor or a felony.)

  10. Abuse or Neglect:

    • Child abuse: 31.30

      (Depending on the circumstances, may be either a misdemeanor or a felony.)

    • Abuse of an incompetent: 31.40

      (Depending on the circumstances, may be either a misdemeanor or a felony.)

    • Act of family violence: 30.20

      (Depending on the circumstances, may be either a misdemeanor or a felony.)

    • Criminal spousal abuse: 31.60

      (Depending on the circumstances, may be either a misdemeanor or a felony.)

  11. Forgery:

    • Forgery: 46.10

      (Depending on the circumstances, may be a felony or a misdemeanor.)

    • Fraudulent use of credit cards: 46.35

      (Depending on the circumstances, may be a felony or a misdemeanor.)

  12. Identity Theft or Identity Fraud:

    Impersonation; identity theft: 46.80

e. Hawaii

Crimes in Hawaii are codified in the Hawaii Penal Code, found in Title 37 of the Hawaii Revised Statutes.

  1. Human Trafficking:

    • Labor trafficking in the first degree: 707-781

    • Labor trafficking in the second degree: 707-782

  2. False Imprisonment:

    Unlawful imprisonment in the first degree: 707-721

  3. Kidnapping:

    Kidnapping: 707-720

  4. Rape and Sexual Assault:

    • Sexual assault in the first degree: 707-730

    • Sexual assault in the second degree: 707-731

    • Sexual assault in the third degree: 707-732

    • Continuous sexual assault of a minor under the age of 14 years: 707-733.6

  5. First-Degree Homicide:

    Murder in the first degree: 707-701

  6. Robbery:

    • Robbery in the first degree: 708-840

    • Robbery in the second degree: 708-841

  7. Fraud to Obtain Government Assistance:

    • Frauds: 346-34

      (Depending on the circumstances, can be a misdemeanor or a felony.)

    • Medical assistance frauds: 346-43.5

  8. Fraud by Scheme:

    • Telemarketing fraud: 708-835.6

    • Fraudulent use of a credit card: 708-8100

      (Depending on the circumstances, may be either a misdemeanor or a felony.)

    • Fraudulent encoding of a credit card: 708-8100.5

    • Credit card fraud by a provider of goods or services: 708-8103

  9. Theft of Government Funds/Property:

    No stand-alone statute.

  10. Abuse or Neglect:

    • Promoting child abuse in the first degree: 707-750

    • Promoting child abuse in the second degree: 707-751

    • Promoting child abuse in the third degree: 707-752

    • Endangering the welfare of a minor in the first degree: 707-903.5

    • Abuse of family or household members: 707-906

      (Depending on the circumstances, may be either a misdemeanor or a felony.)

    • Electronic enticement of a child in the first degree: 707-756

    • Electronic enticement of a child in the second degree: 707-757

  11. Forgery:

    • Forgery in the first degree: 708-851

    • Forgery in the second degree: 708-852

    • Criminal possession of a forgery device: 708-854

    • Forgery of a credit card: 708-8102

  12. Identity Theft or Identity Fraud:

    • Identity theft in the first degree: 708-839.6

    • Identity theft in the second degree: 708-839.7

    • Identity theft in the third degree: 708-839.8

    • Unauthorized possession of confidential personal information: 708-839.55

f. Nevada

Crimes in Nevada are codified in Title 15 of the Nevada Revised Statutes.

  1. Human Trafficking:

    • Trafficking in persons for financial gain: 200.467

    • Trafficking in persons for illegal purposes: 200.468

    • Pandering: 201.300

  2. False Imprisonment:

    • False imprisonment: 200.460

      (Depending on the circumstances, may be either a misdemeanor or a felony.)

    • Involuntary servitude: 200.463

    • Recruiting, enticing, harboring, transporting, providing or obtaining another person to be held in involuntary servitude; benefiting from another person being held in involuntary servitude: 200.464

    • Assuming rights of ownership over another person; purchase or sale of person: 200.465

  3. Kidnapping:

    • Kidnapping in first degree: 200.320

    • Kidnapping in second degree: 200.330

    • Aiding or abetting kidnapping: 200.340

  4. Rape and Sexual Assault:

    • Sexual assault: 200.366

    • Statutory sexual seduction: 200.368

      (Depending on the circumstances, may be a misdemeanor or a felony.)

  5. First-Degree Homicide:

    Murder of the first degree: 200.030

  6. Robbery:

    Robbery: 200.380

  7. Fraud to Obtain Government Assistance:

    • Acts concerning federal food stamps: 207.340

      (Depending on the circumstances, may be either a misdemeanor or a felony.)

    • Obtaining or possessing card without consent of holder of card: 422.366

    • Sale or purchase of card; authorization by holder of card for use by person not entitled to use card: 422.367

    • Use of forged, expired or revoked card to obtain benefits; receipt of benefits by misrepresentation: 422.368

    • Fraud by person authorized to provide care to holder of card: 422.369

    • Fraudulently obtaining or attempting to obtain “monetary or any other public assistance, or money, property, medical or remedial care or any other service provided pursuant to the Children’s Health Insurance Program” with the intent to cheat, defraud, or defeat health care services: 422.410

    • Offenses regarding false claims, statements, or representations: 422.540

      (Depending on the circumstances, may be either a misdemeanor or a felony.)

    • Fraudulent acts: 422A.700

  8. Fraud by Scheme:

    • Multiple transactions involving fraud or deceit in course of enterprise or occupation: 205.377

    • Swindling; credit by false representations: 205.370

      (Depending on the circumstances, may be either a misdemeanor or a felony.)

    • Mortgage lending fraud: 205.372

    • Fraudulent issue of stock: 205.435

    • Unlawful acts involving electronic mail or transmission of other data, information, images, programs, signals or sounds to computer, system or network: 205.492

      (Depending on the circumstances, may be either a misdemeanor or a felony.)

  9. Theft of Government Funds/Property:

    • Unlawful use of public money: 204.020

    • Misappropriation and falsification of accounts by public officer: 204.030

      (Depending on the circumstances, may be either a misdemeanor or a felony.)

    • Misappropriation by treasurer: 204.050

      (Depending on the circumstances, may be either a misdemeanor or a felony.)

  10. Abuse or Neglect:

    • Abuse, neglect or endangerment of child: 200.508

      (Depending on the circumstances, may be either a misdemeanor or a felony.)

    • Abuse, neglect, exploitation or isolation of older persons and vulnerable persons: 200.5099

      (Depending on the circumstances, may be either a misdemeanor or a felony.)

    • Conspiracy to “commit elder abuse, exploitation, or isolation: 200.50995

      (Depending on the circumstances, may be either a misdemeanor or a felony.)

    • Mutilation of genitalia of female child: 200.5083

    • Battery which constitutes domestic violence: 200.485

      (Depending on the circumstances, may be either a misdemeanor or a felony.)

    • Unlawful contact with a child or person with mental illness: 207.260

      (Depending on the circumstances, may be either a misdemeanor or a felony.)

    • Criminal neglect of a patient: 200.495

      (Depending on the circumstances, may be either a misdemeanor or a felony.)

  11. Forgery:

    • Forgery: 205.090

    • Other acts constituting forgery: 205.095

    • Making, uttering or possessing with intent to utter fictitious bill, note or check: 205.100

    • Forgery of instrument purporting to have been issued by corporation or state: 205.105

    • Uttering forged instruments: 205.110

    • True writing signed by wrongdoer’s name or name of person not in existence: 205.115

    • False certificate to certain instruments: 205.120

    • Misconduct in signing, filing or altering petition: 205.125

    • Possessing or receiving forged instruments or bills: 205.160

    • Counterfeiting seals; forgery of signatures of public officers; sale or possession of counterfeit badge or identification of law enforcement agency: 205.175

  12. Identity Theft or Identity Fraud:

    • Obtaining and using personal identifying information of another person to harm or impersonate person, to obtain certain non-public records or for other unlawful purpose [identity theft]: 205.463

    • Obtaining, using, possessing or selling personal identifying information for unlawful purpose by public officer or public employee [identity theft by public employees]: 205.464

    • Possession or sale of a document or personal identifying information to establish false status or identity: 205.465

      (Depending on the circumstances, may be either a misdemeanor or a felony.)

    • Establishing or possessing a financial forgery laboratory: 205.46513

    • Capturing, storing, reading, retaining, using or disclosing information from radio frequency identification document of another person: 205.46515

    • Posting or displaying social security number of another person: 205.4605

      (Depending on the circumstances, may be either a misdemeanor or a felony.)

g. Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands (Saipan)

Crimes in the Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands (Saipan) are codified in Title 6 of the Northern Mariana Islands Commonwealth Code (2010). The crime of misuse of food stamps has been codified in Title 2.

  1. Human Trafficking:

    • Human trafficking for involuntary servitude: 1503

    • Sexual servitude of a minor: 1504

    • Transporting a person for purposes of prostitution: 1505

    • Involuntary servitude: 1502

  2. False Imprisonment:

    No stand-alone statute.

  3. Kidnapping:

    Kidnapping: 1421

  4. Rape and Sexual Assault:

    • Sexual assault in the first degree: 1301

    • Sexual assault in the second degree: 1302

    • Sexual assault in the third degree: 1303

    • Sexual abuse of a minor in the first degree: 1306

    • Sexual abuse of a minor in the second degree: 1307

    • Sexual abuse of a minor in the third degree: 1308

    • Unlawful exploitation of a minor: 1314

    • Indecent exposure to a person under age 16: 1315

  5. First-Degree Homicide:

    First-degree murder: 1101

  6. Robbery:

    Robbery: 1401

  7. Fraud to Obtain Government Assistance:

    Misuse of food stamps: 5523

    (Depending on the circumstances, may be either a misdemeanor or a felony.)

  8. Fraud by Scheme:

    • Fraudulent destruction, removal or concealment of recordable instruments: 1703

    • Misuse of credit cards and issuance of bad checks: 1704

      (Depending on the circumstances, may be either a misdemeanor or a felony.)

  9. Theft of Government Funds/Property:

    No stand-alone statute.

  10. Abuse or Neglect:

    Child abuse: 5312

  11. Forgery:

    • Forgery: 1701

    • Possession of forged writing or forgery device: 1702

    • Misuse of credit cards and issuance of bad checks: 1704

      (Depending on the circumstances, may be either a misdemeanor or a felony.)

  12. Identity Theft or Identity Fraud:

    • Identity theft: 1722

      (Depending on the circumstances, may be either a misdemeanor or a felony.)

    • Aggravated identity theft: 1723

10. Seattle Region - Alaska, Idaho, Oregon, and Washington

a. Alaska

  1. Human Trafficking:

    • Human trafficking in the first degree: 11.41.360

    • Human trafficking in the second degree: 11.41.265

  2. False Imprisonment:

    See kidnapping.

  3. Kidnapping:

    Kidnapping: 11.41.300

  4. Rape and Sexual Assault:

    • Sexual assault in the first degree: 11.41.410

    • Sexual assault in the second degree: 11.41.420

    • Sexual assault in the third degree: 11.41.425

  5. First-Degree Homicide:

    Murder in the first degree: 11.41.100

  6. Robbery:

    • Robbery in the first degree: 11.41.500

    • Robbery in the second degree: 11.41.510

  7. Fraud to Obtain Government Assistance:

    Medical assistance fraud: 47.05.210

    (Depending on the circumstances, may be a felony or a misdemeanor.)

  8. Fraud by Scheme:

    Scheme to defraud: 11.46.600

  9. Theft of Government Funds/Property:

    No stand-alone statute.

  10. Abuse or Neglect:

    • Sexual abuse of a minor in the first degree: 11.41.434

    • Sexual abuse of a minor in the second degree: 11.41.436

    • Sexual abuse of a minor in the third degree: 11.41.438

    • Criminal nonsupport: 11.51.120

      (Depending on the circumstances, may be a felony or a misdemeanor.)

  11. Forgery:

    • Forgery in the first degree: 11.46.500

    • Forgery in the second degree: 11.46.505

  12. Identity Theft or Identity Fraud:

    Criminal impersonation in the first degree: 11.46.565

b. Idaho

  1. Human Trafficking:

    Human trafficking: 18-8602

  2. False Imprisonment:

    No stand-alone felony statute.

  3. Kidnapping:

    • First-degree kidnapping: 18-4502

    • Second-degree kidnapping: 18-4503

  4. Rape and Sexual Assault:

    Rape: 18-6101

  5. First-Degree Homicide:

    Murder in the first degree: 18-4003

  6. Robbery:

    Robbery: 18-6501

  7. Fraud to Obtain Government Assistance:

    Fraudulent acts: 56-227

  8. Fraud by Scheme:

    • Pyramid promotional schemes prohibited: 18-3101

    • Drawing check without funds—drawing check with insufficient funds: 18-3106

    • Officer stealing, mutilating or falsifying public records: 18-3201

    • Private person stealing, mutilating or falsifying public records: 18-3202

      (Depending on the circumstances, may be a felony or a misdemeanor.)

    • Offering false or forged instrument for record: 18-3203

    • Mutilating written instruments: 18-3206

  9. Theft of Government Funds/Property:

    No stand-alone statute.

  10. Abuse or Neglect:

    • Injury to children: 18-1501

      (Depending on the circumstances, may be a felony or a misdemeanor.)

    • Desertion and nonsupport of children or spouse: 18-401

  11. Forgery:

    • Forgery: 18-3601

    • Possession of forged notes or bank bills or check or checks: 18-3605

    • Counterfeiting coin or bullion: 18-3607

    • Possession of counterfeit coin: 18-3609

    • Possession of counterfeiting apparatus: 18-3610

  12. Identity Theft or Identity Fraud:

    • Forgery of a financial transaction card: 18-3123

    • Fraudulent use of a financial transaction card or number: 18-3124

      (Depending on the circumstances, may be a felony or a misdemeanor.)

    • Criminal possession of a financial transaction card: 18-3125

    • Unauthorized factoring of credit card sales drafts: 18-3125A

      (Depending on the circumstances, may be a felony or a misdemeanor.)

    • Misappropriation of personal identifying information: 18-3126

    • Acquisition of personal identifying information by false authority: 18-3126A

    • Receiving or possessing fraudulently obtained goods or services: 18-2127

      (Depending on the circumstances, may be a felony or a misdemeanor.)

c. Oregon

  1. Human Trafficking:

    Trafficking in persons: 163.266

  2. False Imprisonment:

    See Kidnapping.

  3. Kidnapping:

    • Kidnapping in the first degree: 163.225

    • Kidnapping in the second degree: 163.235

  4. Rape and Sexual Assault:

    • Rape in the first degree: 163.375

    • Rape in the second degree: 163.365

    • Rape in the third degree: 163.355

    • Unlawful sexual penetration in the first degree: 163.411

    • Sexual abuse in the first degree: 163.427

    • Sexual abuse in the second degree: 163.425

  5. First-Degree Homicide:

    • Aggravated murder: 163.095

    • Murder: 163.115

  6. Robbery:

    • Robbery in the first degree: 164.415

    • Robbery in the second degree: 164.405

    • Robbery in the third degree: 164.395

  7. Fraud to Obtain Government Assistance:

    • Unlawfully obtaining public assistance: 411.630

    • Unlawfully obtaining or disposing of food stamp benefits: 411.840

    • Submitting wrongful claim or payment: 411.675

  8. Fraud by Scheme:

    Theft by deception: 164.085

    (Depending on the circumstances, may be a felony or a misdemeanor.)

  9. Theft of Government Funds/Property:

    No stand-alone statute.

  10. Abuse or Neglect:

    • Criminal mistreatment in the first degree: 163.205

    • Abandonment of a child: 163.535

    • Child neglect in the first degree: 163.547

    • Criminal nonsupport: 163.555

  11. Forgery:

    Forgery in the first degree: 164.013

  12. Identity Theft or Identity Fraud:

    • Identity theft: 165.800

    • Aggravated identity theft: 165.803

d. Washington

  1. Human Trafficking:

    Trafficking: 9A.40.100

  2. False Imprisonment:

    Unlawful imprisonment: 9A.40.040

  3. Kidnapping:

    • Kidnapping in the first degree: 9A.40.020

    • Kidnapping in the second degree: 9A.40.030

  4. Rape and Sexual Assault:

    • Rape in the first degree: 9A.44.040

    • Rape in the second degree: 9A.44.050

    • Rape in the third degree: 9A.44.060

    • Indecent liberties: 9A.44.100

  5. First-Degree Homicide:

    Murder in the first degree: 9A.32.030

  6. Robbery:

    • Robbery in the first degree: 9A.56.200

    • Robbery in the second degree: 9A.56.210

  7. Fraud to Obtain Government Assistance:

    Unlawfully practices-obtaining assistance: 74.08.331

    (Depending on the circumstances, may be a felony or a misdemeanor.)

  8. Fraud by Scheme:

    • Obtaining a signature by deception or duress: 9A.60.030

    • Fraudulent creation or revocation of a mental health advance directive: 9A.60.060

    • False academic credentials—unlawful issuance or use: 9A.60.070

      (Depending on the circumstances, may be a felony or a misdemeanor.)

    • Defrauding a public utility in the first degree: 9A.61.030

    • Defrauding a public utility in the second degree: 9A.61.040

  9. Theft of Government Funds/Property:

    No stand-alone statute.

  10. Abuse or Neglect:

    • Assault of a child in the first degree: 9A.36.120

    • Assault of a child in the second degree: 9A.36.130

    • Assault of a child in the third degree: 9A.36.140

    • Criminal mistreatment in the first degree: 9A.42.020

    • Criminal mistreatment in the second degree: 9A.42.030

    • Abandonment of a dependent person in the first degree: 9A.42.060

    • Abandonment of a dependent person in the sec