To be entitled to monthly cash DIB or to the disability “freeze” (i.e., a period of
disability), a disabled worker (i.e., number holder) must meet the following requirements:
The worker must have disability insured status:
Special Insured Status for Disability Before Age 31 (RS 00301.140), or
Insured Status for Statutory Blindness (RS 00301.150)
NOTE: An overview of insured status is located at RS 00301.101. Information about quarters of coverage (QC) and how they are earned and assigned
is located in RS 00301.200 through RS 00301.350.
The individual must file an application with the Social Security Administration. Cash
benefits can be retroactive for no more than 12 months before the month the application
is filed and cannot be paid under the law as amended in 1965 for months prior to September
The individual must be disabled and furnish such proof of the existence of disability
as may be required.
For initial entitlement to DIB the number holder (NH) must serve a waiting period
consisting of 5 full calendar months (DI 10105.070). Subsequent periods of entitlement may be exempt from this requirement (DI 10105.075). DIB claims approved on or after 07/23/2020 based on Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis
(ALS) are exempt from this requirement.